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"Democratic"Poland has monument honoring WW2 victi

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Post 28 Sep 2007, 21:42
Liberal Democratic Poland actually has a monument honoring the poor Cathlocs who suffered from Jewish resistance fighters in 1944.

The Kaniūkai (Koniuchy) massacre was a massacre carried out by Jewish and Soviet partisans during the Second World War in the Polish village of Kaniūkai (before 1939 in Stołpce county of Nowogrodzkie voivodship; in 1944 in JaÅ¡iūnai Municipality, EiÅ¡iÅ¡kės County of Lithuania, Reichskommissariat Ostland; currently the village is in the Å alčininkai district municipality of Lithuania). Koniuchy is the Polish name for that village.

On January 29, 1944, Kaniūkai was attacked by Soviet partisan units under the command of the Central Partisan Command in Moscow. The raid was carried out by 100-120 partisans from various units including 50 Jewish partisans from the Kaunas Ghetto and the Vilnius Ghetto under the command of Jacob Penner and Shmuel Kaplinsky. Previously, the partisans had often commandeered by force various supplies including food, clothes and cattle from the village. Due to these earlier raids and thefts, a small self defence unit was created in the village.

The village was not fortified, and the villagers were armed with only a few rifles. The village had about 60 households and about 300 inhabitants. A total of about 38 men (as reported by the IPN, although earlier reports stated higher numbers of deaths), women and children were massacred indiscriminately and most of the households destroyed.

Notified about the assault, the 253rd battalion of the Lithuanian Police soon arrived at Kaniūkai but did not find any Soviet partisans [1].

According to findings from the IPN (investigation still in progress), at least 38 people were killed and a dozen or so injured, with at least one victim dying later. The attack was carried out by the Soviet partisan units 'Death to the Fascists' and 'Margirio' from the Vilnius Brigade of the Lithuanian Partisan Staff and 'Death to the Invaders' of the Kovno Brigade.

Following the attack, a message sent from Genrikas Zimanas (Henoch Ziman) head of the 'South' Partisan Brigade to Antanas Sniečkus communist leader and chief of Headquarters of the Lithuanian Partisan Movement, read as follows: "on January 29, a joint group of Vilnius partisans comprising the "Śmierć Okupantowi" and "Margiris" formations, as well as a special group from General Headquarters burned down the most ardently resistant village of the EiÅ¡iÅ¡kės County, Kaniūkai"

There are controversies surrounding the significance of the Koniuchy massacre. The events at Koniuchy have been described by Chaim Lazar in 'Destruction and Resistance' (1985) in which he claimed 300 people had been murdered. This number has been questioned by some historians who reduced the number of victims[citation needed]. Many Russian sources try to minimize the significance of this crime[citation needed]. In Poland and Lithuania, the Koniuchy massacre is treated as one of the many examples of totalitarian crimes against humanity.

The Institute of National Remembrance initiated a formal investigation into the incident on March 3, 2001. The institute examined a number of archival documents including police reports, encoded messages, military records and personnel files of Soviet partisans. Requests for legal assistance were then sent to state prosecutors in Belarus, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and Israel.

In May 2004, a monument commemorating the crime was erected in Kaniūkai with the names of the 34 victims.

May 8, 1943 Soviet and Jewish partisans killed about 128 Poles in Naliboki. Several months after the destruction of Kaniūkai, on 12 April 1944, the village of BakaloriÅ¡kės was similarly destroyed by Soviet partisans.

[edit] References

* Report from IPN on Poland
* Operations Diary Operations Diary of a Jewish Partisan Unit in Rudniki Forest.
* Lazar, Chaim. Destruction and Resistance. Shengold Publishers, New York, 1985.
* Information on the Investigation in the Case of Crime Committed in Koniuchy by IPN
* The investigation of the Koniuchy massacre by the "Center of Investigations of Resistance and Genocide of Lithuania's Inhabitants"; article by Rimantas Zizas
* Rimantas Zizas. BakaloriÅ¡kių sunaikinimas (Destruction of BakaloriÅ¡kės), 23 October 2002
* Massacre at KoniuchyPDF (1.80 MiB)
Post 21 Feb 2008, 23:48
Actually at war in Poland was very specific situation that even years after II WW there was ongoing civil war with polish nationalists and ukrainian nationalist. Al sides has it's dark sides- Jews I suppose as well.
Post 22 Feb 2008, 04:50
When quoting from wikipedia remove the [citation needed] parts so no one knows its from wiki
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