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Translations of Soviet books from the Lenin and Stalin era

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Post 14 Mar 2019, 14:49
These books have never before been available in English. Particularly interesting to me are the works of Mitin, who was the main Soviet philosopher to overthrow Deborin, and reigned over Soviet DiaMat into the Gorby years. His philosophy was often called the "New Philosophy" in the 1930s, and was a direct influence on Ai Siqi and Mao. But there are plenty of historical and political books as well. As well as a Soviet textbook on Psychology from 1950.

While there were some English translations by FLPH during Stalin's era; it was mostly primary documents and pamphlets rather than full ideological textbooks of Progress. And none during the Lenin era. So its exciting to read ideological education manuals published during Lenin's lifetime. We have some from 1923 and 1924.

References to the books, the textbooks and the articles (digitized, read). According to the links, the originals are available in the form of djvu or pdf and digitized in MS Word 2013 format. In the process of digitizing / reading, outdated spellings of words, surnames, spelling are replaced, if possible, in a modern form. When reading, the spelling and syntax errors of the original (typos) were also corrected. Additional texts have been added to some texts with explanations of obsolete and rarely used words.

"Dialectical materialism". M. Mitin, 1934
The best of the existing textbooks on dialectical materialism of the highest level!
It gives excellent criticism of almost all varieties of revisionism and opportunism, which flourished in Soviet social studies since the times of Khrushchev and, unfortunately, still "rule the ball" in the Russian communist movement, posing as Marxism-Leninism.
(Original and annotation from the MLD website “Work Path” )
"Dialectical materialism" ed. M. Mitina out of print.

"Historical materialism." M. Mitin, 1932
Part 2 “Historical materialism” of the two-volume book “Dialectical materialism and historical materialism” ed. M. Mitin is preserved in Russia in single copies. For decades it has been kept in the Soviet archives in the Special Guard. This means that only persons authorized by the USSR State Security Bodies had access to this textbook.
Why was the party leadership of the CPSU so afraid? Exposing revisionism, that's what. In this book, all those indigenous late Soviet false opportunist theses that, since 1953, have been issued by the Communist Party of the Communist Party of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union for Marxism-Leninism, are completely refuted. In this book, all the supporting ideologies of all opportunist and revisionist groups in the USSR are brought together and remarkably exposed, in particular the Right deviation and the Trotskyists, with whom the Bolshevik Party waged an uncompromising struggle from its very foundation.
(Original and annotation from the MLD website “Work Path” )

"Marxist dialectical method". M.M. Rosenthal, 1952
The author of the publication, the Soviet philosopher Mark Rosenthal (1906–1975), proves that Marxist dialectics is the only scientific method of cognition, discusses the universal connection and interdependence, movement and development of phenomena in nature and society, development as a quantitative change the struggle of opposites.

"Political Economy". K.V. Ostrovityanov, 1954
The best and most comprehensive presentation of the political economy of capitalism and socialism today.

"On Dialectical and Historical Materialism". I. V. Stalin, 1945

“The history of the CPSU (b). Short course. 1938
The Short Course, which has now become a bibliographic rarity, was prepared, as is well known, under the direct personal guidance of I. V. Stalin. According to the testimony of the participants of the work on the book, Stalin first acquainted himself with the primary material prepared by experts on his instructions, and then invited them to himself, re-dictated the text, listened to the remarks, and himself edited the transcript. The Short Course undoubtedly contains the seal of the personality of Stalin and the seal of the Stalin era.
Added a few footnotes with explanations of some words and indicating what text was cut or added in the 1945 edition.

"The state and the revolution." V.I. Lenin, 1917
The book "The State and the Revolution" was written by Lenin in the underground, in August September 1917. The idea of ​​the need for a theoretical development of the question of the state was expressed by Lenin in the second half of 1916. At the same time he wrote a note “Youth International” (see Works, 4th ed., Vol. 23, p. 153-156), in which he criticized Bukharin’s anti-Marxist position on the state and promised to write a detailed article on the attitude of Marxism towards the state. In a letter to A. M. Kollontai dated February 17 (n. Art.), 1917, Lenin reported that he had almost prepared material on the question of the relation of Marxism to the state. This material was written in small, fine-looking handwriting in a blue-colored notebook, entitled “Marxism about the State”. It collected quotes from the works of K. Marx and F. Engels, as well as excerpts from the books of Kautsky,
According to the plan, the book “The State and the Revolution” was to consist of seven chapters, but the last, seventh, chapter “The Experience of the Russian Revolutions of 1905 and 1917” was not written by Lenin, only the detailed plan of this chapter remained (see Lenin's collection XXI 1933, pp. 25-26). On the issue of publishing the book, Lenin wrote to the publisher in a note that if he “is too late with the end of this, the seventh chapter, or if it is excessively swollen, then the first six chapters should be published separately, as the first issue ...”.
On the first page of the manuscript, the author of the book is designated by the pseudonym “F. F. Ivanovsky. Under such a pseudonym, Lenin proposed to publish his book, since otherwise the Provisional Government would confiscate it. The book was published only in 1918 and the need for this pseudonym disappeared. The second edition of the book, with Lenin contributed to the second chapter by the new section “Questioning Marx in 1852,” was published in 1919.

"How priests and fists fought with the collective farm." I. E. Knyazev, 1930
The story about the resistance of the priests and the kulaks collectivization on the example of a single economy.

"Dialectical materialism - the worldview of the Marxist-Leninist party." M. Mitin, 1941
Processed transcript of a lecture given at the Higher Party School of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b)
OGIZ Gospolitizdat 1941.

"25 Years of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)". M.N. Lyadov, 1923
(historical review of development and struggle), ed. "Red Novi" and the Nizhny Novgorod Provincial Committee of the PKP, 1923

"For what the inhabitants of the village of Poltava evicted from the Kuban in the northern region." A. Radin, L. Shaumyan, 1932
Districts of Kuban shamefully lagged behind in grain procurements and did not fulfill the plans for autumn sowing. They fell behind because the party organizations of the Kuban regions did not break the sabotage of grain deliveries and sowing, organized by the kulak counterrevolutionary element, did not destroy the resistance of some of the rural communists who became the actual conductors and organizers of the sabotage.
It was not by chance that the party in Kuban faced sabotage organized by the kulaks in a particularly sharp form. And in the village of Poltava, we have, in essence, a counter-revolutionary uprising against the Soviet power, only with the difference that the kulaks and our enemies with party cards — the organizers and instigators of sabotage, knowing our invincible force, did not dare to direct action against the dictatorship of the proletariat, elected way sabotage activities of the party and the government. It is not by chance that there are still cadres of counterrevolution and atamanism, supporters of the Kuban Rada, White Guard and Petliura elements.
All this counter-revolutionary bastard climbed into collective farms, councils, land agencies and tried to direct their work in the anti-Soviet direction, tried to hunger for the dictatorship of the proletariat, organize counter-revolutionary forces, dreamed of liquidating collective farms and restoring capitalism in our country.

"Hegel and the theory of materialist dialectics." M. B. Mitin, 1932
Hegelian philosophy, like any other philosophy, is the product of its era. It is a product of the era of bourgeois revolutions, a magnificent theoretical construction. It is a reflection in the ideological sphere of class conflicts of the end of the XVIII and the first quarter of the XIX century. Hegelian philosophy is a product of the epoch of the Great French Revolution of the end of the 18th century.

"The philosophical predecessors of Marxism." G. Alexandrov, 1939
The publication is devoted to the characterization of the teachings of the philosophical predecessors of Marxism. The book deals with French materialism of the 18th century, German classical idealism, the teachings of Ludwig Feuerbach, the formation of the philosophical views of Marx and Engels.

"Soviet Socialist State". D.I. Chesnokov, 1952
The book, which became a rarity immediately after publication, came out as an insignificant circulation for the USSR - 20 thousand copies. and no longer republished. Exposes 90% of revisionist and bourgeois myths about Soviet socialism of the Stalin era. An elegant theoretical base is given to all the most important provisions on the state of the dictatorship of the proletariat. From the book it becomes immediately clear where Khrushchev-Brezhnev socialism began to slip.
(Original and annotation from the MLD website “Work Path” )

"Lenin's doctrine of the party (the organizational basis of Bolshevism)". Vl. Sorin, 1924
The brochure is a brief essay on the organizational doctrine of Lenin and sets as its goal the promotion and propaganda of Leninism.
(To read the text with the comments of comrades from MLD “Work Path”, please follow the link: About the present Communist Party. Organizational foundations of Bolshevism. )

"Private capital in the USSR". Y. Larin, 1927
A unique book, recommended at the time by JV Stalin, which shows how the petty bourgeois class has adapted to socialism. In the post-Stalinist USSR, it was kept in special security, there was no free access to it. All those schemes that were later widely used during the “thaw” and “stagnation” periods are described.
(Original and annotation from the MLD website “Work Path” )

"How did the VKP (b) begin to take shape?" M.N. Lyadov, 1926
(As the Russian Communist Party began to take shape).
The party history work of Lyadov is of great value. It was written from Bolshevik positions, built on the basis of a wide range of historical sources - works by V. I. Lenin, materials from the Bolshevik press, documents of party organizations, etc. Lyadov knew the life of the party well, participated in many party congresses, and on the instructions of the Bolshevik centers traveled many party organizations in Russia and abroad, which is reflected in its work.

"Materialistic dialectics". Part I, I. Shirokov, R. Yankovsky, 1932
The basic guidelines of the “Materialist Dialectic” remained the same as in “Dialectical Materialism”. However, in the development of these installations, the authors tried to raise the presentation of a number of problems to a great theoretical height, in particular, relying on the collective experience of scientific and pedagogical work in seminars and sections of the LOCA Institute of Philosophy.

"Anarchists." M. Ravych-Cherkassky, 1930
The book summarizes the teachings of the most prominent theorists of the anarchism of the XIX century and discusses the anarchist movement in Russia. Covered issues such as: the definition of anarchism; major anarchist theories; anarchism in Russia; Makhayevism; ananrho-Makhnovshchina; Marxism, anarchism, Leninism.

"Lenin's thoughts about religion." Eat. Yaroslavsky, 1924
The book contains the most important statements of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin about the history and essence of religion, about its natural dying away in a communist society, about the attitude of the communist party and the socialist state towards religion, the church, believers.

"Anarchism in Russia." Eat. Yaroslavsky, 1939
This pamphlet was intended for the workers of the West, who will have to completely free themselves from the unscientific, harmful anarchist theories that impede the victory of the working class. It will help to trace and understand what the theories and practices of anarchists have led and are bringing.

Under the banner of Marxism: "On the question of the dialectic of NEP." 1931

"From the life of the Party in the years 1903-1907 (memories)". M.N. Lyadov, 1956
The memoirs of Martyn Nikolaevich Lyadov (deceased in 1947) are of undoubted interest for all who want to know how our Communist Party arose and developed. The author, in his simple, artless story, tells of the tremendous work that the Bolsheviks did on the eve of and during the years of the first Russian revolution. The value of his memories is determined primarily by the fact that they belonged to one of the most active participants in party work at the time, to one of those professional revolutionary revolutionaries who, together with Lenin, fought to create and strengthen a new type party, participants II, III, IV and V party congresses.
Memories of M. N. Lyadov were first published in 1926. Since then, they have not been reprinted and, thus, have remained unknown to a wide range of modern readers, especially young people.
(This edition was printed with some insignificant abbreviations. What exactly was shortened in this edition of 1956 I cannot say because I did not find the original edition of 1926.)

"The Bolshevik method of criticism and self-criticism." L. Slepov, 1951.

“Memories of I. V. Babushkin (1893–1900)”. 1925
The unfinished autobiography of I. V. Babushkina offered to the reader is of the deepest interest, both in content and in its objective political value. “For the first 20 years. Notes of an ordinary underground worker. C. Zelikson-Bobrovskaya, 1932. Notes of an ordinary activist of the Social Democratic Party, covering the period from 1896 to 1914. The book describes how Russian social democracy began to work with the working masses, how propaganda and agitation was organized, what organizational forms the party used, uniting and rallying the working class, how party financing was carried out, and much more.

"Abstract course political letters A. Berdnikov and F. Svetlov." M. Chervonny, 1925.
Abstract, despite a strong decrease in the size of the book (approximately 7 times), contains all the main contents of the book, with full preservation of the number of issues covered by the book and the seriousness of their explanations.

"New Opposition and Trotskyism." Eat. Yaroslavsky, 1926.

"The tragic events in Chile - a lesson for revolutionaries around the world." E. Hoxha, 1973.
Article published in the newspaper Zeri i popullyt on October 2, 1973. “Perestroika - the complete collapse of revisionism”. Harpal Brar, 1992

Harpal Brar - Chairman of the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist), a consistent fighter against revisionism and opportunism, the author of fourteen books on various aspects of Marxism, the struggle against imperialism and revisionism.
Translation of the text taken from the site MLD "Work Path" . The text, if possible, corrected the inaccuracies of the translation, typos, and the formatting of the text as close as possible to the text of the original available.

“The historical role of G. V. Plekhanov in the Russian and international labor movement”. M. B. Mitin, 1957.
Report at a ceremonial meeting in Moscow dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of G. V. Plekhanov.
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