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The First Astronaut was a citizen of the USSR

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Post 13 Apr 2011, 12:41


It has been 50 years since the first human space flight. The first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, was a citizen of the USSR, who soared into orbit on the spaceship "Vostok", created by Soviet engineers. The rocket was assembled at Soviet factories, and the flight planned by scientists, physicians, technicians and military personnel, who were also citizens of the USSR.

He was not just the first man in space, but he was a Soviet man! And it happened a few months before Alan Shepard made his leap into space. We add, moreover, that Alan Shepard made it to space, while Yuri Gagarin actually orbited the Earth. Moreover, the flight of German Titov took place before the American John Glenn on 20 February 1962 made an orbital flight. Maybe with today's perspective is not entirely clear what was the greatness of the flight of the first Soviet cosmonaut. Now, when we are surrounded by computers, cars, jets, high-speed trains - this world of technology seems mastered and familiar. We are living in an environment of technical achievements, it is difficult to imagine that the breakthrough that was made by the Soviet Union in just 40 years of its existence, out of which 4 years of incredible efforts were given in the Great Patriotic War.

Last edited by Shigalyov on 20 Mar 2014, 06:23, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: title fixed
Post 19 Mar 2014, 21:14
yes, and the Soviets also put the first woman into space!
Post 19 Mar 2014, 22:00
Valentina Tereshkova.
Post 23 Mar 2014, 13:29 well as the first:

1957: First intercontinental ballistic missile, the R-7 Semyorka
1957: First satellite, Sputnik 1
1957: First animal in Earth orbit, the dog Laika on Sputnik 2
1959: First rocket ignition in Earth orbit, first man-made object to escape Earth's gravity, Luna 1
1959: First data communications, or telemetry, to and from outer space, Luna 1.
1959: First man-made object to pass near the Moon, first man-made object in Heliocentric orbit, Luna1
1959: First probe to impact the Moon, Luna 2
1959: First images of the moon's far side, Luna 3
1960: First animals to safely return from Earth orbit, the dogs Belka and Strelka on Sputnik 5.
1961: First probe launched to Venus, Venera 1
1961: First person in space (International definition) and in Earth orbit, Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1, Vostok programme
1961: First person to spend over 24 hours in space Gherman Titov, Vostok 2 (also first person to sleep in space).
1962: First dual manned spaceflight, Vostok 3 and Vostok 4
1962: First probe launched to Mars, Mars 1
1963: First woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova, Vostok 6
1964: First multi-person crew (3), Voskhod 1
1965: First extra-vehicular activity (EVA), by Aleksei Leonov, Voskhod 2
1965: First probe to hit another planet of the Solar system (Venus), Venera 3
1966: First probe to make a soft landing on and transmit from the surface of the moon, Luna 9
1966: First probe in lunar orbit, Luna 10
1967: First unmanned rendezvous and docking, Cosmos 186/Cosmos 188.
1968: First living beings to reach the Moon (circumlunar flights) and return unharmed to Earth, Russian tortoises on Zond 5
1969: First docking between two manned craft in Earth orbit and exchange of crews, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5
1970: First soil samples automatically extracted and returned to Earth from another celestial body, Luna 16
1970: First robotic space rover, Lunokhod 1 on the Moon.
1970: First data received from the surface of another planet of the Solar system (Venus), Venera 7
1971: First space station, Salyut 1
1971: First probe to impact the surface of Mars, Mars 2
1971: First probe to land on the Mars, Mars 3
1975: First probe to orbit Venus, to make soft landing on Venus, first photos from surface of Venus, Venera 9
1980: First Hispanic and Black person in space, Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez on Soyuz 38
1984: First woman to walk in space, Svetlana Savitskaya (Salyut 7 space station)
1986: First crew to visit two separate space stations (Mir and Salyut 7)
1986: First probes to deploy robotic balloons into Venus atmosphere and to return pictures of a comet during close flyby Vega 1, Vega 2
1986: First permanently manned space station, Mir, 1986–2001, with permanent presence on board (1989–1999)
1987: First crew to spend over one year in space, Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov on board of Soyuz TM-4 - Mir

...but Gagarin gets most of the credit anyway.
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