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Soviet submarines in Black Sea in WW2 (rework - update 2019)

Soviet cogitations: 317
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 08 May 2013, 12:22
The naval warfare on the Eastern Front during the WW2 (Great Patriotic War) was the largest conflict involving the Soviet Navy and without doubt it was the greatest naval war ever faced by a socialist or communist nation. In five years of warfare (excluding preliminary conflicts like the Winter War), the Soviet Navy endured times of sacrifice and losses, fighting against a formidable foe and writing bloody and glorious pages of naval war history poorly known in the western world.
Decades after the end of the war, destruction and confidentiality of documents make numerous details still unknown, it is only after modern-day researches of authors that a number of false myths and wrong claims (committed by all sources, post-war) receive a neutral assessment.
Contrary to the popular western belief that the naval warfare played no real part in the war, the Soviet Navy engaged in specific operations in the different areas of competence of the Fleets (Baltic, Black Sea, Northern, Pacific, and other Flotillas).
During the decade before the war, the Soviet Navy initiated large programs of expansion with a number of warships entering service (including cruisers and destroyers): such plans not completed in time, and by the time of the Nazi invasion, the shipbuilding programs stalled or diverted to wartime emergency plans.
The Soviet leadership, wisely realized how the submarine warfare was a key of strategic success and despite all classes of warships increased in numbers, submarines received a peculiar attention (with over 200 submarines in 1941!).

The Black Sea Fleet was not surprised by the beginning of the war in 1941 and begun immediately to deploy Submarines for offensive operations alongside the enemy coast. It can be assessed how the Black Fleet submarines scored the best strategic success against enemy shipping compared to other Soviet Fleets: due geography of the Sea, the neutral position of Turkey and difficulties to move ships in Mediterranean Sea, Axis forces had little chances to dispatch large merchants and tankers. Soviet submarines inflicted troublesome losses each time they sunk irreplaceable merchants of medium-large size (for example the loss of Romanian merchant Suceava was highly lamented by the German command).
Neutral Turkish vessels were not spared by the Soviet practice of unrestricted warfare, because Turkish vessels and schooners traded with Bulgaria. Soviet submarines also sunk a couple of Italian tankers dispatched to recover the extremely needed fuel from Romanian oil fields.
Submarines paid their strategic success with high losses, especially because of defensive barrages of mines laid by the Romanian Navy.
Soviet operations temporarily stopped when submarines made their contribution in supplying the Red Army during the Sevastopol Siege with weapons, fuel and ammunition, and recovered soldiers from the city just before the fall.
Submarines made such missions often in critical conditions, with cramped submarines full of boxes and ballast tanks loaded with fuel!
Conventional patrols resumed after the Siege, with a series of good results achieved in 1943 followed by painful losses suffered in early 1944 because of strengthened German anti-submarine operations.
Despite these late losses, submarines never ceased to operate and while they made little damage to enemy during the German-Romanian evacuation of Crimea, some boats operated alongside the Romanian and Bulgarian coast until the end of naval warfare in Black Sea.

Work is an essentially based on the Russian site and work of author Miroslav Morozov: these are the top modern and most updated sources of Soviet Submarine warfare in WW2. German site is also a relatively good source.
Causes of many Soviet losses is better assessed only on such sites because of constant updates received in the last decades from the wreck-diving groups in Black Sea, disproving many old claims and formulating new updated assessment. Significantly, there are many widespread claims of unreal victories by the Italian Navy and Romanian Navy based on old ‘80s and ‘90s sources, nowadays refuted by modern analysis and direct evidence but still retained in certain American (and Romanian/Italian) literature.
Lists of Soviet successes and victories made in other sites (especially English literature) like and Wikipedia are NOT good sources, including many mistakes generated by ‘90s works.
Similar works and tables made on English-based sites ( and wikipedia) and older English literature are not updated and contain a number of mistakes.
Image credits (c)

Summary table of Soviet submarines confirmed successes

ShCh class (16 units) 10 battle losses 23 ships sunk 4 ships damaged.
S class (5 units) 2 battle losses 3 ships sunk.
L class (6 units) 3 battle losses 9 ships sunk 2 ships damaged
D class (3 units) 1 battle loss 2 ships sunk.
A class (5 units) 1 battle loss 2 ships sunk 1 ship damaged.
M class (32 units) 7 battle losses 9 ships sunk.

Total 67 units with 24 battle losses with 48 ships sunk/destroyed and 7 ships damaged,
This make a final balance score of 2:1 between victories (sinking) and battle losses.

Enemy military ships lost include the auxiliary minelayer Regele Carol I, German minesweeping boat D-2, German landing barges F-130, F-474, F-566, F-580 and F-592 sunk of MFP class, lost also SF-35 of Siebel class. Damaged German landing barge F-329. German submarine chaser UJ-102 indirectly sunk as consequence of Soviet success.
The other victims were 40 merchants, tankers, tugs, barges, motorboats and schooners that were sunk, destroyed or damaged without being repaired. Other 6 units were damaged and remained/returned to service (a seventh one is damaged to be then repaired and then torpedoed again and not repaired)


Shchuka series Vbis
ShCh-201 received the Order of the Red Banner. Unworthy award, all her 8 torpedo attacks failed to hit enemy vessels.
30/Jun/43 sunk fishing motorboat MFK-5701(15GRT) boarded and bottom holed. 8 POW.
12/May/44 often wrongly credited for sinking German merchant Geiserich (1309 GRT), actually sunk by Soviet Il-2 attack aircrafts.
ShCh-202 on 8/May/44 often wrongly credited for the sinking of German barge Elbe-5 (actually sunk by ground artillery)
ShCh-203 (lost 26 Aug 1943 sunk by Italian midget submarine CB-4. Only submarine-on-submarine loss of the whole Black Sea theatre.)

Shchuka series VbisII
ShCh-204 (lost 6 Dec 1941 sunk by German seaplane He-59 (more likely), or Bulgarian seaplane Ar-196. Claim of Bulgarian submarine chasers is wrong.)
ShCh-205 received the Guards Badge. Relatively efficient submarine, despite age, in her short career.
18/May/42 damaged Turkish merchant Duatepe(128 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of textile and radio. (Often wrongly reported as sunk).
and damaged Turkish schooner Mahbuba Jahan(20 GRT)gunfire the same day. Cargo of charcoal.
23/May/42 sunk Turkish merchant Zafer(330 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of tiles and porcelain. (Often reported as “Safek” but that was previous name)
Since Oct 1942 submarine was in maintenance, completed only in November 1944.
ShCh-206 (lost 9 Jul 1941 sunk by Romanian motor torpedo boats NMS Viforul, NMS Vijelia and NMS Viscolul with depth charges. Despite many wrong claims, this remains the only fully confirmed Romanian naval success with depth charges during the war. Claims she sunk by Soviet friendly fire attack are completely wrong.)
ShCh-207 7/Sept/42 attacked twice (six torpedoes) the Romanian destroyer NMS Regina Maria but without scoring hits.
Since May 1943 submarine was in maintenance but completed only after the war and submarine made no war patrols after this date.

Shchuka series X
ShCh-208 (lost after 23 Aug 1942 mine from Romanian field “S-21” laid by auxiliary minelayer NMS Dacia)
ShCh-209 Scored 5 victories. Received the Order of the Red Banner
22/Aug/43 capture Turkish schooner Derviske(25/30 GRT), then left drifting to sink.
25/Aug/43 capture Turkish schooner Yilmaz(55/60 GRT) , then left drifting to sink. Cargo of wood, apples and nuts.
2/Dec/43 sunk German landing craft F-566(155 GRT) torpedo. Carried 3 assault guns and an armored reconnaissance car.
20/Jul/44 sunk Turkish schooner Semsi Bahri (50/55 GRT) torpedo.
26/Jul/44 sunk Turkish schooner Hyydakerim(125GRT) gunfire. Cargo of fishes and oranges. 7 sailors captured.
Also wrongly credited with day with sinking Bulgarian schooner Belsica (85 GRT) torpedo (actually sunk by mine).
Also wrongly credited with damaging Bulgarian schooner Totka (200 GRT) gunfire (actually sunk in Mediterranean).
ShCh-210 (lost after 12 Mar 1942 mine from Romanian field “S-15” laid by minelayer NMS Amiral Murgescu)
ShCh-211 (lost after 14 Nov 1941 mine from Romanian field “S-18” laid by auxiliary minelayer NMS Dacia)
Received no awards because lost earlier during the war, but could have deserved to receive the Order of the Red Banner or the Guards Badge.
11/Aug/41 accomplished an important mission, landing on enemy shore a group of Bulgarian communists to direct the local Partisan movement.
15/Aug/41 sunk Romanian merchant Peles (5708 GRT) torpedo. First victory of the Black Sea submarines.
29/Sept /41 sunk Italian tanker Superga (6154 GRT) torpedo. 1800 tons of gasoline and 2350tons of oil
Submarine was the most efficient one in the Black Sea fleet for the first year of war by sheer tonnage sunk, showing high efficiency for Soviet standards.
ShCh-212(lost after 11 Dec 1942 mine from Romanian field “S-44” laid by minelayers NMS Amiral Murgescu and NMS Dacia).
ShCh-213 (lost after 14 Oct 1942 mine from Romanian field “S-7” laid by minelayer NMS Regele Carol-I and NMS Amiral Murgescu (note: wreck found in 2008 discredit the past claim by German submarine chaser UJ-116 Xanten))
23/Feb/42 sunk Turkish merchant Çankaya (164 GRT)gunfire. Cargo of 170tons of metal pipes and 30 tons of bricks.
24/Feb/42 sunk Bulgarian merchant Struma (257 GRT) torpedo, carried Jewish refugees, 768 dead
3/Mar/42 unexploded torpedo hit on Turkish merchant Adana (1158 GRT).
ShCh-214 (lost 19 Jun 1942 sunk by Italian motor torpedo boat MAS-571 with torpedo attack. Two crewmembers captured). Second most successful Soviet submarine in Black Sea with 6 victories (6 targets sunk, even if five of them schooners of small size).
3/Nov/41 sunk Turkish schooner Kaynakdere (ext 75 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of cotton.
5/Nov/41 sunk Italian tanker Torcello (3336 GRT) torpedo. Important loss (dispatched by Italians to recover the needed Romanian fuel).
1/Jan/42 sunk Turkish schooner Koraltepe (60/65 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of food and tobacco. (Also reported with shortened name “Tepe”).
29/May/42 sunk an unknown schooner (? GRT) ramming (unclear identity, but confirmed success). Cargo of tobacco.
31/May/42 sunk an unknown schooner (? GRT) gunfire (unclear identity, but confirmed success).
2/Jun/42 sunk an unknown schooner (? GRT) ramming (unclear identity, but confirmed success). Cargo of grain.
Turkish identity of the three unknown schooners (and reported names “Hudarvendigar”, “Mahbubdihan” and “Kaynarea”) currently disputed, according last modern assessment it was Bulgarian smugglers.
ShCh-215 Scored 6 victories and received the Guards Badge. Third best Soviet submarine in Black Sea (5 ships sunk and 1 damaged).
18/Nov/41 sunk Turkish merchant Yenice (428 GRT) torpedo.
24/Jan/43 damaged German tug Stralsund (190 GRT) with gunfire during a surface battle, (also submarine suffered 3 WIA).
24/May/43 slightly damaged German minesweeping boat R-164 with torpedo explosion (not direct hit). The actual damage was insignificant and did not require dockyard repairs.
30/Aug/43 sunk German merchant Thisbé (1782 GRT) torpedo.1600 tons of chrome ore (it was a pre-designed target).
She was an important target under close escort of Romanian destroyers NMS Regina Maria and NMS Marasesti.
15/Nov/43 sunk German landing craft F-592 (155 GRT) torpedo. 15 Germans carried missing (+ 4 sailors)
24/Apr/44 recovered on sea a German defector on a small rowboat.
5/Aug/44 sunk Turkish schooner Mefküre (60/65 GRT) gunfire, carried Jewish refugees and 301 were killed.
Also on the same attack, submarine claimed a second boat sunk, likely a lifeboat from the Mefküre (not assessed as a separate victory).
24/Aug/44 sunk Bulgarian schooner Vita (135 GRT) torpedo. Last Soviet submarine victory in Black Sea.

Shchuka series Xbis
ShCh-216(lost 17 Feb 1944 sunk by German submarine-hunter UJ-106 with depth charges (note: wreck found in 2013, disproved claims by mine from “S-77” field or combined attack of UJ-103 and UJ-104))
7/Oct/42 often wrongly credited for forcing a Romanian dredger to run aground after failed torpedo attack.
10/Oct/42 sunk Romanian merchant Carpati (4336 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of field kitchens, barracks equipment, projectors and coal.
6/Aug/43 badly damaged German tanker Firuz (7327 GRT) torpedo (later renamed “Friederike”)

Srednyaya series IXmod
S-31 Received the Order of the Red Banner, even if made only five torpedo attacks).
21/Sept/42 missed with torpedoes the tug Perovolyka but the torpedoes exploded on the beach, killing 5 German soldiers.
27/Sept/42 shelled Yalta, but likely caused no damage.
9/Dec/43 sunk German landing craft F-580 (155 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 20 tons of ammunition cause explosion of craft.
S-32(lost 26 Jun 1942 German air attack from He-111 in open sea).
S-33 Received the Guards Badge. Scored few but significant victories.
6/Nov/41 attempted twice to attack Romanian destroyer NMS Marasesti, but each time torpedoes missed.
20/Apr/43 sunk Romanian merchant Suceava (6876 GRT) torpedo. Empty, but at the time of her sinking, the Axis lost 1/4 of the GRT of shipping for military necessity according the German black sea's admiral own evaluation.
12/May/44 sunk landing craft F-130 (155GRT) gunfire. Abandoned after Soviet air attack, S-33 boarded her and captured a Kriegsmarine flag.
S-34(lost between 12/13 Nov 1941 mine from Bulgarian field “S-39” or Romanian field “S-16”)
S-35 transferred in Caspian Sea to avoid damages and completed only after war

Leninist series II
L-4 the best soviet submarine of Black Sea with 9 victories, one indirect success and one unconfirmed. Received Order of Red Banner.
Having 8 confirmed sinking and 1 damaged target, L-4 was also the second best Soviet submarine during the conflict (surpassed only by L-3 of Baltic Fleet).
Interestingly known as “Garibaldiets” after the Italian historical figure, (original launch name) even if by mid-‘30s Soviet submarines officially named only by number.
9/Sept/41 sometimes wrongly described as responsible for sinking Bulgarian schooner “Uspech” with gunfire. No such ship attacked, it was a brief friendly-fire incident against ShCh-208 (no hits).
15/Sept/41 sunk Bulgarian merchant Chipka (2304 GRT) mine. Cargo of grain.
5/Oct/41 missed the Romanian destroyer NMS Regina Maria with two torpedoes.
10/Oct/41 sunk the Romanian auxiliary minelayer NMS Regele Carol-I with mine. This was the most important warship sunk by submarine in Black Sea.
During WWI the ship was also rated as auxiliary cruiser. Romanians believed to be under torpedo attack (sometimes ShCh-211 credited) but it’s unproved.
19/Nov/41 sunk German minesweeping boat D-2 with mine (Sometimes wrongly described as Bulgarian).
17/Dec/41 possibly damaged Romanian merchant Oituz (2686 GRT) torpedo. L-4 reported no attack, however she was the only submarine located in the area of the attack at proper time. No other submarine should have been in position by the time of attack (ShCh-211 believed sunk earlier): incident remains mysterious.
23/May/43 badly damaged German landing craft F-329 (155 GRT) with gunfire. Germans suffered 4 KIA and 2 WIA after a direct hit. The landing craft was on combat patrol, the encounter was a true surface battle involving also F-307.
22/Jul/43 sunk Turkish schooner Tayyar-I Bahri (55/60 GRT) gunfire
(Note: many sources reports two different schooners sunk on 22 July 1943, but according the Soviet report, it was just one).
23/Jul/43 sunk Turkish schooner Gurpinar(35/40 GRT)gunfire
28/Jul/43 damaged German barge EL-74(139 GRT) mine. Not repaired (note: often wrongly reported EL-73: there is confusion on German data)
23/Nov/43 sunk German merchant Santa Fè (4627 GRT) mine. Ship carried 1278tons of military cargo, including 12 assault guns (most of StuG type but at least 2 experimental 2 Jagdpanzers) and 100 naval mines. (NOTE: merchant also often wrongly credited to submarine D-4).
14/Dec/43 German submarine chaser UJ-102 was launching depth charges right above the wreck of Santa Fè (after a reported contact with submarine) and exploded after fuel from the wreck ignited. It was an indirect victory.
11/May/44 damaged German tanker Friederike(7327 GRT) torpedo, not repaired. (Previously damaged in 1943 by ShCh-216). A heavy loss because prevented her use for evacuations of troops from Crimea.
L-5 A number of victories of L-4 often wrongly reported as shared by L-5.
15/Jun/42 hit by two torpedoes launched from Italian midget submarine CB-3 but both unexploded (Italian sources wrongly claimed sinking of S-32).
Since November 1942 submarine was on maintenance but completed only after the war and submarine made no war patrols after this date.
17/Feb/43 it’s possible that German landing craft F-473 (155 GRT) was badly damaged (not recovered) on submarines’ field of mines (probably could have been another mine).
L-6 (wreck not yet found and 3 possible causes of loss. On 16 April 1944 sunk by German submarine chaser UJ-115 Rosita and seaplane Bv-138; on 18 April 1944 sunk by German submarine chaser UJ-104; on 21 April 1944 sunk by German submarine chaser UJ-103. Romanian claim that gunboat NMS Sublocotenent Ghiculescu actually related to attack on 18 April, but German submarine chaser attacked after Romanian gunboat).
20/Jun/42 often wrongly credited for the sinking of Romanian barge Danubius with mine.
26/Nov/43 sunk German merchant Wolga-Don (956 GRT) torpedo. 325tons of cargo for Luftwaffe including 88mm anti-aircraft guns, car vehicles, motorcycles, bombs.
7/Mar/44 often wrongly credited for the sinking of German merchant Charlotte (1591 GRT) with mine. She sunk north of Soviet mines, on own German field.

Leninist series XIIImod
L-23 (wreck not yet found and 3 possible causes of loss. On 17 Jan 1944 sunk by German submarine chaser UJ-106 with depth charges; on 18 Jan 1944 sunk by German landing craft F-239 with ramming; on 30 Jan 1944 sunk by German seaplane)
14/Nov/42 badly damaged German tanker Ossag (2793 GRT) torpedo (ship was carrying 3800tons of fuel)
15/Jun/43 it’s possible that German landing craft F-121 (155 GRT) was sunk on submarines’ field of mines. However, mines laid almost 1 year earlier and Germans describe the mine as drifting, so exists other possible options.
L-24 (lost between 15 and 29 Dec 1942 mine from Romanian field “S-15”.)
6/Oct/42 missed with torpedoes the Italian tanker Arca (2338 GRT), twenty days later, she sunk by British submarine HMS Taku after leaving Black Sea.
L-25 (never completed, hull sunk on tow on 18 Dec 1944 because of storm after the end of warfare in Black Sea. No casualties).

Dekabrist series I
(D-5 and D-6 with old tower)
D-4 (wreck not yet found. Probably sunk after 1 December 1943 on mine from fields “S-47” or “S-50”)
10/Aug/43 often wrongly credited for sinking German merchant Boy Federsen (6689 GRT) with torpedo. Ship attacked at the same time by torpedo-bombers, sunk the next day. Modern researches attribute the victory entirely on torpedo-bombers, describing the D-4 attack as unsuccessful.
20/Aug/43 sunk Bulgarian merchant Varna (2141 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 520tons of ammunition and 10tons of mines
D-5 8/Dec/42 sunk Turkish schooner Beycik (55/60 GRT)gunfire. (NOTE: often reported as named “Kociboglu”)
On maintenance since spring 1943 and returned operative only after the war.
D-6 (lost 26 Jun 1942 scuttled in harbor to avoid capture)
On maintenance in 1941, never saw action before her loss for scuttling.

American Holland (WWI-era submarines).
A-1 (lost 26 Jun 1942 scuttled in harbor to avoid capture)
During the Russian Civil war sunk the defecting ship Sawa (on 21/Jul/21) and seized the White merchant Afanasiy Feofany (482 GRT)(on 2/Aug/21)
On maintenance in 1941, never saw action before her loss for scuttling.
A-2 during the Russian Civil War, seized the White merchant Energiya (664 GRT) on 2/Aug/21
10/Oct/43 sunk German landing craft F-474 (155 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of ammunition
A-3 (lost after 28 Oct 1943 sunk likely by German floating mine close Eupatoria (Note: the claim of German auxiliary ship Shiff-19 is discredited because submarine communicated to base after the attack))
29/May/42 sunk Romanian merchant Sulina (3495 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 4000 tons of oats, 510 tons of wheat, 2 artillery guns and ammunition.
A-4 active as the other submarines of the class despite age, but never made torpedo attacks.
A-5 Received the Order of the Red Banner. Very active submarine despite age and related technical maintenance difficulties.
11/Jun/42 forced to run aground the Romanian merchant Ardeal (5695 GRT) torpedo. Cargo for Luftwaffe (including engines)
25/Jul/42 heavily damaged by mine (Romanian minelayers NMS Dacia and NMS Amiral Murgescu), submarine survived but required prolonged repairs.
Torpedo attacks made in spring 1944 and often credited with successes actually scored no hit.

Malyutka series VI
All vessels formerly part of Pacific Fleet, transferred by train in 1944 too late for actions, except for M-51 and M-52 transferred earlier.

Malyutka series VImod
M-54 since July 1944 used as training/target vessel for patrol boats
M-55 only submarine of VI or VImod series to launch torpedoes in war, but without success.

Malyutka series XII
M-30 (transferred from Pacific Fleet but too late for actions).
M-31(likely lost on 17 Dec 1942 by German submarine chaser UJ-116 Xanten with depth charges (Note: claim by Romanian destroyer NMS Marasesti in July 1943 obviously discredited)).
18/Jun/42 hit by two torpedoes launched from Italian midget submarine CB-2 but both unexploded (Italian sources wrongly claimed sinking of ShCh-213).
17/Aug/42 missed with torpedo the German merchant Romulus (250 GRT). Claims that she sunk Dürnstein are wrong (she sunk by storm on 1944).
6/Oct/42 sunk German tug Oltul (50 GRT) torpedo. Often identified as Romanian tug/submarine chaser (sometimes with the old name Mina Daniel) she actually transferred to the Germans in August 1941. (NOTE: often wrongly credited also to L-6 with mine).
M-32 23/Jun/42 during a mission to resupply Sevastopol, toxic fumes from the load of fuel at some point made the whole crew except one unconscious but the lone sailor managed to bring the submarine to surface.
14/Oct/42 missed with two torpedoes the Romanian destroyer NMS Regele Ferdinand, submarine damaged with depth charges by torpedo boat NMS Smeul in return.
M-33 (lost between 22-25 Aug 1942 mine from Romanian field “S-33” laid by minelayers NMS Amiral Murgescu and NMS Dacia)
20/Aug/41 missed with a torpedo the Romanian submarine NMS Delfinul, receiving machinegun fire in return but without damage.
M-34 (lost after 3 Nov 1941 mine from a Romanian field)
M-35 Received the Guards Badge. One of the two best submarines of her class in Black Sea.
16/Oct/41 German landing barge SF-225 suffered self-inflicted damage (7 WIA) due gun explosion during a gunfire fight.
26/Oct/41 damage German landing craft SF-35(140 GRT) gunfire and then she’s lost on storm.
(NOTE: often wrongly reported that SF-25 sunk and SF-36 damaged during the attack).
27/Oct/41 unexploded torpedo hit against the German anti-submarine vessel “Schiff-19/ Lola” (1193 GRT)
21/Oct/42 sunk German tanker Le Progrès (511 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 348tons of oil and 149tons of gasoline
2/Nov/43 destroyed German barge L-1293 (1270 GRT) with torpedo.
23/Nov/43 unexploded torpedo hit against German submarine chaser UJ-101
23/April/44 sometimes wrongly credited with sinking of German tanker Ossag (2793 GRT) but she lost by air raid. Torpedoes missed German submarine chaser UJ-103
M-36 (lost 4 Jan 1944 accident during post-repair sea trials, technical fault or crew mistake. No battle loss, even if indirectly caused by the damage inflicted from Romanian gunboat NMS Sublocotenent Ghiculescu in 1942).
23/Aug/42 sunk German merchant (scow) Ankara (500 GRT) torpedo. (NOTE: Germans reported it was a “tug”, but wreck discovery revealed she was an ex-soviet scow).
After the attack, M-36 suffered heavy damages after the attack of Romanian gunboat NMS Sublocotenent Ghiculescu with depth charges and ramming.
M-58(lost Oct 1941 mine from a Romanian field (Note: claim by Romanian destroyer NMS Regina Maria on 4 November discredited because sunk before 21 October)).
M-59 (lost Nov 1941 mine from a Romanian field (note: claim by Romanian destroyer on 17 December 1941 impossible due submarine’s lack of autonomy))
M-60(lost between 23-26 Sep 1942 mine from Romanian field “S-33” laid by minelayers NMS Amiral Murgescu and NMS Dacia)
M-62 received the Guards Badge: unworthy award, all her 6 attacks failed to hit enemy vessels.
M-111 Received the Order of Red Banner. One of the two best submarines of her class in Black Sea.
27/Nov/42 after having missed with torpedo an enemy barge, Soviets reported a collision with her: unclear event.
29/Jun/43 was possibly responsible for unexploded torpedo hit on German landing craft F-325. Insignificant impact damage reported.
17/Jul/43 unexploded torpedo hit against German merchant Adelheid (444 GRT)
18/Jul/43 often wrongly credited with the sinking of Romanian barge Dunarea-I (505 GRT) torpedo
28/Aug/43 heavily damaged German tanker Hainburg (378 GRT) torpedo (not repaired). 20% of cargo was lost
12/Nov/43 sunk German merchant Theoderich (3817 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of military equipment.
M-112 25/Oct/43 destroyed German barge Tina V. (1278 GRT) torpedo. (name wrote as “Tyra-V” or “Tyra-5” is a common transcription mistake).
M-113 on 28/Feb/42 shelled an enemy airfield but probably causing no damage.
28/Sept/43 suffered massive damages (entire bow crushed) after a mine from field “S-46” but survived and returned operative for last operations in 1944.
M-114, M-115, M-116 these three submarines moved to Pacific Fleet at the beginning of war, transferred back too late for actions.
M-117 Received the Order of Red Banner. Likely one of the worst Soviet submarines in terms of exaggerated claims and unworthy awards to commander.
13/Nov/43 observed hit and explosion on a target after torpedo attack. No confirmation
M-118 (likely lost on 2 Oct 1942 sunk by German seaplane Bv-138. Wreck not yet found, expeditions failed to locate it in the claimed spot by attack with depth charges from Romanian gunboats NMS Sublocotenent Ghigulescu and NMS Locotenant-Comandor Stihi Eugen on 1 October)
1/Oct/42 sunk German merchant Salzburg (1742 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 840t of manganese ore. In addition, 2300 Soviet POWs, at least 1200 soviet prisoners were killed during the sinking
M-120 After some early operations in Black Sea, transferred to Caspian expecting to be moved to the Northern Fleet, but ultimately returned to Black Sea.
After the war, on 27 August 1947, the submarine dispatched to sink with gunfire the two German submarines U-18 and U-24 that had been captured in Black Sea at the end of the war.

Malyutka series XV
M-202 Entered service in July 1944 but had no chance to make combat patrols. Received an official name: “Rybnik Donbassa”
M-203 Entered service in October 1944, after the end of naval warfare in Black Sea. Received an official name: “Irutskiy Rybak”
Last edited by 1redItalian on 06 Apr 2020, 15:28, edited 82 times in total.
Reason: several corrections
Soviet cogitations: 317
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 14 Jan 2014, 15:46
Added class profiles from site (c)
Soviet cogitations: 317
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 29 Jan 2016, 20:33
Last year I updated submarines "A-1" and "A-2" with victories scored during the Russian Civil War.
Original source: ... 1322998498
Soviet cogitations: 317
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 25 Jul 2018, 15:34
Major Updates:
* Inserted main credits of original sources (neutral modern Russian source and German source as cross-work).
* During years 2010-2018 some Soviet submarines wrecks have been discovered in Black Sea! Fate of some ships has been revised as consequences (such revision occurred only on updated Russian sources).
Significantly, currently only a single Soviet submarine is fully credited to the Romanian Navy with depth charge attack and the Bulgarian Navy score dropped to zero. (Have to be remembered that the Romanian Navy can claim up a dozen of Soviet Submarine sunk on their own defensive fields of mines: half of the overhall Soviet Submarine losses in Black Sea).
* ShCh-205, ShCh-209 and L-4 increased their victory tally.
* L-4 has additional unconfirmed victories.
* ShCh-215 received a new victory, but a previous one now discredited and removed from list.
Soviet cogitations: 317
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 04 May 2019, 18:37
1) Added main intro
2) Added intro for subs in black Sea
3) Reworked table of victories/losses
4) Inserted notable failed attacks against interesting targets (destroyers).
5) Inserted significant episodes (like submarines surviving critical damages)
6) Inserted all common mistakes of victory claims done by '90s literature.
7) Inserted all revised fate of submarines based upon 2000-2018 evaluation of wrecks (disproving lots of past claims).
8 ) 18/May/42 target "Duatepe" (submarine ShCh-205) contrary to the popular sources claims, merchant was not a total loss/destruction
9) 6/Aug/43 target damaged by ShCh-216 at the time was tanker named "Firuz", later renamed "Friederike"
10) 23/Aug/42 almost all international source describe the victim of M-36 as German tug "Ankara". Russian divers explored the wreck and researchers found the actual target was ex-Soviet (captured and used by German) merchant (scow) "Angara", (apparently simply renamed "Ankara" by Germans, generating further confusion over identity).
11) Inserted details about submarines activity (when they actually joined the Black Sea Fleet, or when they were effectively put out on reserve).

1) Added 1 battle incident (heavy damage from mine) to A-5

1) Already known Victory of L-4, destruction of barge "EL-74" it is now revised and assigned this number, rather "EL-73". There is confusion among German document over its identity, but from Ultra files it is indicated EL-74.
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