Was 'nomading' allowed in the Soviet Union and Mongolia? Was the government trying to repress nomadism? Or were they supportive of it? Or were they quiet on the issue?
We have beaten you to the moon, but you have beaten us in sausage making.- Nikita Khrushchev
I don't quite understand what you mean. In the Soviet Union, citizens needed to receive permission to travel. That's about all I know that can help you.
I believe he's referring specifically to the nomadic peoples of mongolia. On that I only know that farmers are pretty much the only nomads there any more.
لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله - يا عمال العالم اتحدوا
Nomading groups' lifestyles were respected yes, and they were generally allowed to continue to live as they had for generations before the Soviet period (with some new modern technological conveniences). Some groups (particularly among the northern peoples) did become partially stationary with the advent of collective farms and technologically inspired feedlots. Also, improved education, as well as urbanization and industrialization of areas to the East encouraged young people to leave their group to find new work and a new lifestyle. Some groups, among them the Uzbeks and Tajiks, were quite successful in retaining their nomadic traditions. I have no idea what caused the relative success or failure of these groups to survive as nomads. Perhaps it had something to do with the initial quality of life and the extent that education impacted peoples thinking.
Oh and Fellow Comrade: People didn't need permission to travel, but only to move to another part of the country (because the regional 'plans' required rather precise information on the amount of people living and working in their areas to be able to accomodate them all).
"The thing about capitalism is that it sounds awful on paper and is horrendous in practice. Communism sounds wonderful on paper and when it was put into practice it was done pretty well for what they had to work with." -MiG
Woops. Thank you for correcting me. I always thought it was strange to require permission to travel. It seems I've fallen for some Cold War propaganda.
Do you have more information on this?
Alternative Display:Mobile view