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Soviet Naval Battles - Black Sea during WW2 (re-done)

POST REPLY
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 25 Nov 2013, 14:15
BLACK SEA

1941


22-23 June 1941
Battle of Danube (or Tulcea).
The clashes on Danube river on the first days of war are still with unclear results and poor information. Romanians deployed their riverine monitors and claims that Basarabia and Mihail Kogalniceanu clashed in two consecutive days against their soviet rivals.
They claimed to have hit at least 3 soviet monitors, 2 patrol boats, 1 tug and to have sunk another patrol boat.
Actually they clashed against the monitors Rostovtsev, Zhemchuzhin and Zheleznakov supported by small BK gunboats.
The first engagement has more details: Romanians shelled the soviet bank (with unclear effects, also shelling civilian areas) to focus later on the soviet monitors. Zheleznakov suffered moderate damages after a near miss, the soviet units returned fire even if they mostly focused on ground targets (batteries).
There are even less details about the skirmish on day 23 June, but soviet units suffered no damage.
There are not clear details for now about the Romanian evaluation of the soviet fire.
The operations on Danube river ended by August: most of the soviet units managed to reach the open sea and overcome the Romanian attempts to prevent it (such block was attempted only with batteries).
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Painting of Zheleznakov.


25-26 June 1941
Romanian sources claim their old riverine patrol boats V-1 and V-3 engaged a group of three Soviet 1125 class gunboat, claiming one of them hit and subsequently grounded, abandoned and captured (renamed as V-7). Actually, the whole accident appear a fabricated event: V-7 and sister-ship V-8 designed and built in Romania only in 1943. The only Soviet 1125 loss in Danube with a similar fate was BK-204, grounded after Romanian ground artillery on 28 June and later recovered by Romanians as V-12.


26 June 1941.
Battle of Constanta
In Black Sea, the Soviet Navy didn’t wait to be attacked. The main Axis naval power in Black Sea was the Romanian Navy and the Soviet Navy carried an heavy attack against them with cruiser Voroshilov, leader destroyers Moskwa and Kharkov, destroyers Soobrazitelnyi and Smyshlyonyi.
The first shots were done by the leader destroyers Moskwa and Kharkov that fired 350 shells of 130mm (35 volleys in 10 minutes) against land’s targets causing severe damages on train lines and fuel tanks that were set afire (other sources mention no damage at fuel tanks, but a train full of ammunition destroyed).
Suddenly appeared the two Romanian destroyers Regina Maria and Marasti that started to fire against Kharkov and Moskwa helped by a German coastal artillery of 280mm.
Under such combined fire Kharkov was damaged by the German artillery; Romanian claimed to have hit the Kharkov (or the Moskwa) but their gunfire was too much short.
While Moskwa and Kharkov moved away, suddenly the Moskwa was sunk. The leader destroyer was probably sunk on mines but it had been suspected a friendly fire by the submarine ShCh-216 (that was later claimed sunk by the destroyer Soobrazitelnyi) even if it should not have been in such location. The main clue for this theory is that sailors of Kharkov reported to have seen torpedoes launched against them too and depth charges attacks were carried, by Soobrazitelnyi. However the probable wreck of the submarine was found on another location and the Romanian submarine Delfinul did not reported attacks done or suffered.
Only later the two motor torpedo boats Viforul and Vijelia tried to torpedo the Kharkov, but the heavy fire repulsed them (some other source doesn’t mention their involvement in battle, there was however a rumor that Viforul got damage in battle and returned in service after 3 days)). The possibilities that their torpedoes were sighted by Kharkov’s crew are low because they’re reported to have not made launches. Kharkov could join the other ships, the only other damage of this battle was a splinter on the Voroshilov’s hull caused by the explosion of a mine against the Soobrazitelnyi ‘s paravane (anti-mine shield).
Despite the loss of the Moskwa, the raid had an impact on the Romanians and their four destroyers never tried again to face in battle the Soviet warships (or attacking Soviet convoys, while Soviet ships tried to carry this kind of operation at least 2 times).
This battle was the only destroyers vs destroyers engagement in Black Sea during the conflict: the Soviet side didn't reacted to the enemy fire (it seems that the two leader destroyers misidentified also the enemy destroyer's fire as coastal artillery's fire). Until today, it's generally considered that the Moskwa was sunk by the mines, while the German coastal artillery was responsible of moderate damage on Kharkov and Romanian destroyers achieved nothing.
Romanian propaganda claimed to have imparted a moral victory on Soviets, alluding to have made sure that Soviet main units could not operate again so close to their waters: this is actually false (following operations will kept on until 1942) while it's true the opposite because the Romanian navy never attempted again to use their destroyers against such soviet raids.
Commander of Moskwa was captured: he later escaped and joined partisans but died in action.

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Painting of the bombing


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Moskva

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Kharkov

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Photo of Regina Maria, after the war, in soviet service.



7 July 1941
Soviet gunboats Krasnaya Gruziya and Krasnyy Adzharistan laid a field of mines southeast Odessa. They scored two victories:
1 December 1941: was sunk the Romanian merchant Cavarna (3495 GRT) with a cargo of fuel.
2 December 1941: was sunk the German merchant Cordelia (1357 GRT) with a cargo of gasoline.
Both ships previously assigned to the field laid by Soviet destroyers Smyshlyonyy and Bodryy.

Next year (on 29 April 1942) German MFP F-130 struck an old soviet drifting mine, and beached with heavy damage (later recovered). Older sources claimed mine from submarine L-4, but while identity is uncertain, it wasn’t from the submarine.


July 1941
Before leaving Danube estuary, soviet small gunboats (1125 class) laid mines. After one year, on 28 August 1942, the Romanian tug Smardan sunk on one of such mine that survived minesweeping.


13-14 July 1941
Romanian sources report two subsequent engagements of monitor Mihail Kogalniceanu against Soviet monitor, the second time identified as the powerful Udarnyy. With 2 direct hits scored on the Soviet ship and none suffered. Actually Udarnyy never engaged a Romanian monitor in battle (nor suffered similar damages before sinking by German aircraft) and no such battle is recorded by Soviet sources.



25 August 1941
Into Dniepr River, the Soviet monitor Smolensk, supported by the auxiliary gunboat Vernyy, shelled and destroyed an enemy pontoon preventing an enemy crossing near Suholuchya.
Image

Smolensk was the former Polish monitor Krawkow (the largest Polish ship seized by Soviets in 1943).



18 September 1941
Close Odessa, Romanian motor torpedo boat Viscolul and Vijelia accomplished the only Romanian m.t.b torpedo attack of the war: the possible target of the attack was destroyer Sposobnyi, but all torpedoed missed. Wartime Axis wrongly sources claimed sinking, while post-war describe a damage or dud hit but at real no hit achieved.



11 October 1941
The first victim of soviet mines (many placed south Odessa and close enemy coast) was the German auxiliary minesweeper FR-12, sunk on a small field laid by the Soviet schooner Chaika on 29 August.



16 October 1941
Soviet submarine M-35 had the first of two surface engagements on the same month. The first time after having missed a convoy of armed barges with torpedoes, was involved into a gun battle, while the enemy armed barge SF-96 shot a single shell of 88mm that missed, SF-225 fired with 20mm and lightly damaged the submarine that suffered 7 wounded and had to retreat.

On that same day, Soviet minesweeper Tszcz-404 Shchit laid a field of 50 mines inside Odessa harbor. Most mines later swept, but one harbor tug struck one of them on 22 April 1942 and sunk.




26 October 1941
Soviet submarine M-35 took his revenge after the first clash: it's attacked a similar barge convoy and during a gunfire battle of 27minutes, M-35 fired 110 shells of 45mm without taking damage and scoring 4 hits on the barge SF-35. Enemy attempted to tow away the barge but due the stormy weather she was totally lost and sunk. Sometimes is wrongly said that SF-25 was sunk, while SF-36 was damaged (that's incorrect). Submarine survived at war and scored two further victories with torpedoes.


24 and 25 October 1941
Soviet minesweepers Tszcz-404 Shchit and Tszcz-408 Yakor (both of Fugas class) had laid a field of mines (on the same 24 October) that cause the following losses:
On day 24 October was sunk the German auxiliary minesweeper Drossel
On day 25 October was sunk the German auxiliary minesweeper Brusterort together with the German minelayer Theresia Wallner.
Then the Germans swept the field.
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The Theresia Wallner was the only German minelayer active in Black Sea: even if she wasn't a large warship (could carry only 30 mines) , her loss was important because it forced the mine-layer operations to be carried only by the Romanian Navy

The next year, on 3 June 1942, German MFP F-145 (cargo of oil) sunk on a mine laid on 20 October 1941 by Soviet Tszcz-405 Vzryvatel (Fugas class). Previously the loss was believed by German air-dropped mines.



Also it was successful another field laid by the two destroyers Smyshlyonyy and Bodryy. On their mines were sunk:
9 November 1941: was struck the Hungarian merchant Ungvar (961 GRT), that exploded with a cargo 141tons of gasoline barrels and 916tons of aviation bombs.
The two Romanian motor torpedo boat Viforul and Vijelia attempted to help the Ungvar, but they were lost (sunk on other mines of the field, or destroyed by the sudden explosion of Ungvar).

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Photo of destroyer Bodry: ship survived at war.
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 22 Dec 2013, 19:08
1942


3 June1942
First clash between small units has the soviet patrol boat SKA-026 attacking a pair of motorboats without results.


9 June 1942
The only torpedo hit scored by a motor torpedo boat against a soviet major warship in Black Sea was done by the Italian assault boat MTSM-216 against the soviet destroyer Svobodnyi. The torpedo however didn't exploded and the destroyer neither noticed the attack or the Italian boat (the MTSM believed the target was the Italian-built leader destroyer Tashkent).


10 June 1942
During a failed attack against a soviet convoy, the Italian motor torpedo boat MAS-570 strafed with machine gun fire the main deck of the minesweeper Tszcz-410 Vzryv that however suffered no casualties.


13 June 1942
The first successful action of a Soviet MTB in Black Sea it's possibly among the best successes. Just after an air raid in Yalta harbor, the motor torpedo boat D-3 (first ship of the class that have the same designation, this single unit didn't got a standard "TK-number" designation) managed to sail alone close the entrance and launch the torpedoes. It was hit and sunk the Italian little submarine CB-5. There were no casualties (crew was on ground). This action, followed by an air raid days later that heavily damaged other two CB units, deprived the Axis forces of 50% of their submarine potential employed during the Sevastopol blockade.
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Photo of D-3, lead boat of her class and also the only of them active in Black Sea. She was a very active unit, sometimes in mission together the SM-3 (the lead boat of a rival class that wasn't produced).
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Beautiful color-photo of a midget submarine CB on Black Sea. Such submarines lacked the needed autonomy, but they managed to score the only submarine vs submarine sinking in Black Sea when CB-4 torpedoed and sunk the soviet submarine ShCh-203 in August 1943.


18 June 1942
The two Italian motor torpedo boats MAS-571 and MAS-570 had a clash against a convoy of motorboats to Sevastopol with supplies. Despite the MAS claimed two targets badly damaged (and possibly sunk) this isn't confirmed, while on MAS-571 the commander was mortally wounded.
That night also a not identified MTSM was chased close the coast by the two soviet motor torpedo boats SM-3 and D-3: the two soviet units reported some light damages and 2 kia and 2 wia. They believed to have fought against coastal forces because the MTSM sailed close the coast. While it is difficult to clarify details of this battle, it quite possible the MAS actually engaged SM-3 and D-3.
During that night the Italians reported other 2 wia (apart the loss of commander of MAS-571) but it's unclear on which units.
Also during that same night, the Italian small submarine CB-2 has a surface meeting with soviet small unarmed boats: yet they carried weapons and the sailors opened fire scoring bullet hits on the tower of the submarine that dived.


19 June 1942
A pair of Italian MAS attacked on surface the soviet submarine ShCh-214 that was leaving Sevastopol with passengers. The MAS-571 torpedoed and sunk the submarine that was sunk with crew and passengers (only 2 sailors were captured, one of them escaped, joined partisans, and survived at war). It was the only soviet submarine clearly lost on surface in Black Sea, also it was the only Soviet one sunk by MTB with torpedo during the war.
At the time of the sinking the ShCh-214 was the best soviet submarine for achieved number of victories (six: one tanker and 5 schooners sunk).


On the same day, German motor torpedo boat S-102 torpedoed and sunk the Soviet merchant Belostok (2048 GRT).



3 July 1942
Battle of Ai-Tador
During the last phase of the evacuation of Sevastopol, the patrol boats SKA-0112 and SKA-0124 had aboard troops including also the General Novikov. They were attacked by the German motor torpedo boats S-28, S-40, S-42 and S-102. The engagement was bloody and at close range: both the soviet units were hit with gunfire and sunk. Germans captured 37 men between sailors and soldiers, including also Novikov (he will later escape from prison and will join the partisans until falling in action). Also the Germans paid a price, the S-28 was damaged with a killed but S-40 was heavily damaged by a direct hit of 45mm and suffered 3 killed and 10 wounded (S-40 will need 11 months of repairs).


Into northern Azov Sea, Soviet small units laid mines in the harbors of Mariupol and Yeisk before leaving between June and July 1942. Other mines laid close Kerch in July 1942. Axis forces suffered a number of losses.
Close Mariupol:
On 19 June 1942 fishing schooner n°2263 sunk with 2 collaborationist Ukrainian dead and 2 wounded. Mine laid by patrol boats SKA-038 and SKA-0118
On 28 July 1942 a German Army Siebel class ferry sunk with heavy human losses. Mine laid by patrol boat SKA-0175. (Unknown details due lack of Army’s documents).
On 16 August 1942 a German Luftwaffe’s Siebel class ferry sunk. Mine laid by patrol boat SKA-0175. (Unknown details due lack of Luftwaffe’s documents).

Close Yeisk (all mines laid by same patrol boat SKA-0175):
On 10 August 1942 German landing craft F-133 destroyed.
On 10 August 1942 German Siebel class ferry sunk (not Navy – loss of documents for identification number).
On 15 August 1942 Croat auxiliary minesweeper S-I sunk.

Close Kerch (mines laid by patrol boats SKA-016 and SKA-046 on 22 July 1942).
On 12 December 1942 German Army Siebel class ferry sunk (once again, not known number because not part of Kriegsmarine).

SKA-0175 is now credited with 5 sinking on her fields (top single-score of sinking as minelayer from a Soviet warship during the conflict), including the only confirmed Croat naval loss due soviet naval action. Siebel craft ferries placed under control of Wehrmacht or Luftwaffe and while their losses was reported in Kriegsmarine diaries (survived at war) their identification numbers were not mentioned, and documents of local German forces were lost or destroyed.






25 July 1942
Soviet patrol boat SKA-0175 and motor torpedo boat TK-154, attacked a pair of fishing schooner and managed to sunk with gunfire n°2412. German or Croats guards (according different reports) were reported to have been present on the sunk unit.


1 August 1942
Soviet motor torpedo boats D-3 and SM-3 attacked a group of anchored armed MFP barges. The F-334 was torpedoed and destroyed.
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2 August 1942
The soviet cruiser Molotov and the leader destroyer Kharkov were on bombing mission while they suffered a night attack of both German aircrafts and Italian motor torpedo boats. During the engagement a German He-111 bomber shot down by Molotov’s anti-aircraft fire (4./KG26, serial 4816, entire crew KIA) and MAS-568 received splinter damage (commander lightly wounded), while MAS-573 could not get close as the other unit.
The Molotov was struck on the bow by a torpedo and was badly damaged. For years the success was claimed by Italians as having sunk a cruiser (Red Crimea), while it’s seems also clear now that the German torpedo bombers were most likely responsible of the torpedoing.
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Cruiser Molotov.


10 August 1942
German motor torpedo boat S-102 torpedoed and sunk Soviet merchant Sevastopol (1339 GRT)


19 August 1942
German auxiliary minesweepers R-36, R-37 and R-166 attacked and sunk the smaller soviet auxiliary minesweepers n° 574 and n° 578 while other two soviet units managed to escape.


31 August 1942
German motor torpedo boats S-28 and S-102 torpedoed and sunk Soviet merchant Yan Tomp (1988 GRT)

2 September 1942
German motor torpedo boats sunk the Soviet tug Proletariy and a trawler.


23 October 1942
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-73 and SM-3 has made a failed attack against the Dvuyakornaya harbor, they split and SM-3 remained alone while they were returning and she was suddenly attacked by German motor torpedo boats S-26, S-28, S-49 and S-102. SM-3 managed to lightly damage S-49 that suffered the commander badly wounded and another sailor more lightly wounded. SM-3 got no damage or losses and returned home.


26 October 1942
Soviet patrol boat SKA-0105 chase away the two German motor torpedo boats S-72 and S-102 causing a badly wounded to the enemy.


5 November 1942
Soviet auxiliary minesweeper Tszcz-492 was missed by two torpedoes and then hit by a third (that yet didn’t exploded) by German submarine U-24: it erupted a gunfire engagement and U-24 had to dive and retreat after machine guns hits on the tower.


1 December 1942
Possibly the most heavy failure of a soviet naval formation.
The Navy decided to attempt raids of major warships on enemy shipping lines.
However the enemy intercepted the communications between the ships and the destroyers Boikyi and Bezposhchadnyi found no real target because the enemy was on alert. They sighted in thick fog what they believed of being a small convoy but actually was just a group of rocks. The two ships fired many shells of 130mm and not less than 10 torpedoes are launched (first one and then other 6 by Bezposhchadnyi and then 3 by Boikyi). In the end the Bezposhchadnyi claimed to have torpedoed a tanker and Boikyi claimed 2 merchants and an escort unit. No real target was attacked and Germans even believed that Soviets fired each other among the fog.
Also the cruiser Voroshilov had to take part in the raid, but was damaged by a mine and had to abandon the plans and being escorted back by destroyer Soobrazitelnyi after few shelling against the coast.
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Photo of destroyer Boikyi.


13 December 1942
Battle of Fedonisi
The second attempt to intercept enemy convoy resulted in destroyer Soobrazitelnyi leading the minesweepers Tszcz-406, Tszcz-407, Tszcz-408 and Tszcz-412 without being intercepted by enemy stations.
Surprise was achieved and it was intercepted the convoy formed by merchants Tsar Ferdinand (1994 grt) and Oituz (2686 grt) escorted by the Romanian torpedo boat Smeul.
The Soviets however had made the mistake to split the formation and only Tszcz-408 and Tscz-412 could face the enemy. During the engagement, Tszcz-408 claimed an hit on the leading merchant, while Tszcz-412 claimed an hit on the Smeul. Enemy data confirms no hits on their ships, while Smeul too opened fire with her 88mm and achieved no hits.
At this point a group of German auxiliary minesweepers made aggressive maneuvers: R-class minesweepers were similar and easy to confound with the S-boats, the German motor torpedo boats. The trick had success and the minesweepers distanced to not risk being torpedoed by what they believed to be motor torpedo boats.
The bad coordination (with the absence in battle of Soobrazitelnyi) and the overestimation of enemy forces caused the failure of destroying the convoy.
Such kind of shyness in combat has been a widespread issue for soviet destroyers action also in Baltic Sea and Arctic.
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The Romanian torpedo boat could have been sunk by the Soviet Fugas-class minesweepers if the attack wasn’t stopped. She was slower, less armed and less protected.


19 December 1942
Apart attempting raiding the Romanian waters in search for convoys, soviet major units were also involved in bombing ground targets. A number of attacks against enemy harbors in Crimea peninsula usually caused small military damages on some buildings due lack of precision and time. Step by step such attacks started being more effective, especially with coordination of air force. That night the soviet navy carried a double attack with leader destroyer Kharkov and destroyer Boikyi bombing Yalta, while the old destroyer Nezamozhnik and torpedo boat Shkval bombed Fedosia.
During the bombing of Fedosia, the Nezamozhnik briefly shelled also the harbor and scored a direct hit of 102mm on a small tug known just with the letter “D”. It was a former soviet tug that has been captured by the Germans and it was completely destroyed and sunk by the shell.
It has also proposed that the target could have been the coastal defense boat Delfin-4 (notice the similarities of “D” initial), but such theory has been recently dismissed and the victim remain the tug.
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Rear-view photo of Nezamozhnik: her guns caused one of the few direct hits scored by soviet major warships during the conflict.


27 December 1942
The third and last attempted raiding on the enemy convoys was done by soviet destroyers Soobrazitelnyi and Bezposhchadnyi with support of four minesweeper. Once again they were intercepted and the enemy put all the sailing ships in harbor in time. During such operations however the enemy merchant Saone run aground by a rushed maneuver because she was already on sail when the order to return was received. The merchant was then recovered and the soviet destroyers had not located her.


On the same day, the Soviet motor torpedo boat TK-35 launched depth charges and lightly damaged the German submarine U-9.
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 21 Apr 2014, 16:00
1943 First Half: Spring and Summer



2 January 1943
German MFP F-162 sunk in the Kerch Strait on a mine laid by Soviet patrol boat SKA-016


24 January 1943
Soviet submarine ShCh-215 attacked an enemy convoy: after having missed the MFP (armed barges) F-125 and F-309 with torpedoes, she attacked on surface with gunfire and engaged battle. Light damage was caused on the tug Stralsund, while also light damage was possibly caused on the barge L-1357 (she was towed, having previously suffered damages due grounding).
German fire caused no damage on submarine.


27 February 1943
A raid of German motor torpedo boats resulted into a relevant success: S-28, S-51, S-72 and S-102 attacked soviet ships while they were supplying the shore on the bridgehead at Myshako (Soviet forces were making multiple landing and supply-missions). Giving no time to the Soviets to react, the Germans managed to torpedo and sunk the tug Mius and the minesweeper Tszcz-403 Gruz (Fugas-class), while the large gunboat Krasnaya Gruziya was badly damaged and grounded: she will be later finished by German coastal artillery and aircrafts.
The fast attack gave no time for the Soviets to react, while the minesweeper was the only Fugas-class unit sunk in surface action during the war, the Krasnaya Gruziya was the largest soviet military warship to suffer such destiny without being recovered or repaired.
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Photo of the gunboat after the attack: she was actually (as the others of her class) a multipurpose ship being able to act as landing ship and minelayer. She was armed with 3 guns of 130mm (in addition to 76,45 and 37mm) and could carry up to 180 mines.
This ship was also the largest soviet warship ever lost by enemy surface action during the WW2 (no cruiser, destroyer, or other large gunboat, suffered the same fate).


13 March 1943
German motor torpedo boats S-26 and S-47 torpedoed and damaged Soviet tanker Moskwa (6086 GRT)


31 March 1943
German submarine U-24 had missed the tanker Kreml and was attacked with depth charges by Soviet minesweepers (Fugas-class) Tszcz-406 Iskatel, Tszcz-407 Mina and Tszcz-409 Garpun, with support of a pair of seaplanes MBR-2. The submarine was damaged and forced to return at the base.
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Painting of minesweeper Mina


18 April 1943
A night clash between the German R-35, R-36, R-165 and S-28, S-47, S-51, S-72 and S-102 against Soviet TK-76, TK-86, SKA-044, SKA-054, SKA-084. The fight caused damages on SKA-044 and TK-76.
Often it’s claimed that SKA-054 was sunk in action but actually she was sunk on mine.
A soviet MBR-2 seaplane caused the only German damage, on R-35.
However the Germans also sunk a pair of seiners and destroyed a pier.



20 April 1943
During a clash against a group of German auxiliary minesweepers R-boats, the Soviet motor torpedo boat TK-125 accidentally collided with the patrol boat SKA-075 and got damages.


22 April 1943
The Italian motor torpedo boat MAS-566 reported to have been hit by an unexploded torpedo launched by enemy MTBs during a confused clash.
The events are still unclear because three Soviet motor torpedo boats reported to have seen enemy units, but with no engagement.


23 April 1943
Not less than six clashes occurred during the night between German auxiliary minesweepers (R-boats) plus motor torpedo boat S-72, against soviet motor torpedo boats and patrol boats.
During these engagements, the Soviet SKA-084 was hit with 6 wounded, and the German S-72 was hit by 45mm shell (without losses) and damaged.


25 April 1943
During a skirmish between motor torpedo boats, the German S-102 suffered machine-guns hit while also the Soviet TK-33 was damaged.


4 May 1943
German motor torpedo boats sunk Soviet schooner Ilyich

20 May 1943
During the night between 19 and 20 May, German motor torpedo boats S-49 and S-72 sunk the Soviet tug Pervansh and the barge n°75.
Soviet patrol boat SKA-018 opened fire but without success: Soviet aircrafts attacked in numbers, 14 MBR-2, 10 Il-2 and 6 Yak-1. 2 Il-2 and 1 Yak-1 crashed on sea during the hunt, they managed to damage both the German units, S-49 suffered 1 killed and 3 wounded, S-72 suffered 5 wounded.


23 May 1943
Soviet submarine L-4 attacked on surface the enemy armed barges (MFP) F-307 and F-329.
8 shells of 102mm were fired and one hit was scored on F-329 causing heavy damages, 4 killed and 2 wounded.
The MFP fire caused no damage on the soviet submarine.


27 May 1943
During a short engagement, the Soviet patrol boat SKA-015, suffered very light damages, fighting against German small patrol boats. The boat had landed a recce team on enemy shore, it's possible that the small German boats suffered light damages but it's unconfirmed.


28 May 1943
The soviet motor torpedo boat TK-106 launched six depth charges against the German submarine U-9, causing light damages, but not enough to force the enemy to stop her mission.
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The line means "Muscovites Artisans", probably on reference to the fundraising to build the unit.


5 June 1943
Once again, the Soviet patrol boat SKA-015 received damages (more seriously than on 27 May), during a failed attempt to land troops on coast.
There were other Soviet units, but it's unclear if they were involved in battle (and it's even possible that SKA-015 got damage from shore's fire).
Germans reported a small clash between their very small patrol boats (armed only with machine-guns) and enemy units.


13 June 1943
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-12 and TK-32 with the patrol boat SKA-062 lightly damaged with depth charges the German submarine U-24, after the u-boat has been found and attacked earlier by a pair of Il-2 aircrafts and a seaplane MBR-2


14 June 1943
In Azov Sea.
Three days after the first (undisturbed) German bombing operation close Primorsko Akhtari, Soviets organized a better defense.
Germans dispatched the auxiliary gunboats MAL-1, MAL-2 and MAL-3 with auxiliary minesweepers R-30, R-163 and R-166.
Soviets sent in battle first the patrol boat SKA-012, later the small gunboats BK-13 and BK-14.
The only damage occurred was light damage on SKA-012, that suffered 2 wounded.
Later also the small gunboat BK-61 joined the battle, but with no other effect on both sides.


20 June 1943
In Azov Sea.
Again into the Azov Sea, the Germans attempted a bombing at Yeisk.
Auxiliary gunboats MAL-1, MAL-2 and MAL-3 were sent with auxiliary minesweepers RA-51 and RA-56.
They managed to bomb the target, damaging 8 houses, causing 1 dead and 9 wounded.
The Soviet patrol boat SKA-015 and the small gunboats BK-121 and BK-122 attacked the enemy, but the only effect was just light damage on the same SKA-015.
However the battle turned aerial because on the way back the Soviets sent 4 attack planes Kharkov R-10 (an uncommon kind of aircrafts), 6 Il-2 and a fighter P-39 (American-made). The aircrafts managed to strafe the enemy boats, but caused only two wounded (one badly).
German fighters attacked the soviet ones: one R-10 and one Il-2 were shot down, while other 3 Il-2 were damaged. The German boats claimed they've shot down (by RA-56 fire) one Il-2, while the Germans admitted to have lost one of their fighter (probably shot down by the P-39).


26 June 1943
German motor torpedo boats S-40 and S-42 clashed against the Soviet patrol boat SKA-0412 that was damaged with 2 wounded. Germans had guns out-of-action due excessive fire.



29 June 1943
A pair of German small patrol boats and later the armed landing barge (MFP) F-401 engaged in close combat against the soviet gunboats BK-112 and BK-113 (both of class 1124). BK-113 suffered 4 direct hits with 8 wounded, while BK-112 was also hit with 1 wounded.
Germans suffered light damages on the F-401 and on the small patrol boat RT-01, suffering an amount of 2 wounded (one badly).



6 July 1943
The Soviet patrol boat SKA-062 while returning after a mission was attacked by the German patrol boats S-28, S-40, S-47 and S-51.
She was damaged (almost surely by S-28) suffering the commander killed and two other soldiers passengers killed (the patrol boat had just recovered a team), in addition to other 2 wounded. Despite these losses she manage to fend-off the attack of the more numerous enemies, damaging S-47 at the engine and wounding the commander.
During the night, the German motor torpedo boats had previously attacked and sunk the schooner Riza.


8 July 1943
German motor torpedo boat S-40 and auxiliary minesweepers R-33 and R-166 fought against the Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-45, TK-76, TK-85 and patrol boat SKA-056.
During the battle, a German torpedo missed the target and exploded on shore, wounding 3 Soviet soldiers.
The TK-45 was also damaged with 3 wounded, while S-40 accidentally rammed R-33 causing mutual damages and forcing the Germans to retreat.


18 July 1943
In Azov Sea.
German auxiliary gunboats MAL-8, MAL-9, MAL-10 and MAL-11 had a clash during the night against the Soviet small gunboats BK-112, BK-113 and the patrol boat SKA-0412. During the previous night the same soviet group had already clashed against two enemy MAL without effects.
This time, a single hit caused light damage on the MAL-8, without human losses.



21 July 1943
In Azov Sea.
Soviets manage finally to repel an enemy bombing attempt. The attempts to bomb Primorsko Akhtari had caused previously only minimal damages: this time the attempt was made by the auxiliary gunboats MAL-8, MAL-11 and the auxiliary minesweeper R-166.
At first the very small soviet auxiliary minesweeper n°179 faced alone the enemy, until spending all her ammunition, getting some damages with one wounded (was probably hit by R-166).
Then attacked the small gunboats BK-111, BK-112, BK-113 and the patrol boats SKA-0412 and SKA-0712.
This time the Soviets had superior numbers and attacked with energy, using most of the ammunition: SKA-0712 suffered light damages while SKA-0412 and BK-112 had the guns out-of-action due the excessive use.
Soviet gunboats managed to score two direct hits with the main guns on R-166 that suffered heavy damages, 2 dead, 1 wounded and had to be saved by the other ships to not be lost (the minesweeper will be later repaired).
Also the MAL-11 was damaged more lightly with 2 wounded and all the MAL's guns of 88mm were out-of-action due excessive use.


24 July 1943
German tug Hoflein sunk on a mine close Temryuk, from a field laid by Soviet patrol boats SKA-0412 and SKA-0712.



1 August 1943
In Azov Sea
German minesweeper R-30 and auxiliary gunboats MAL-8, MAL-9, MAL-10 and MAL-11 with an additional escort of 3 S-boats attempted once again to bomb Primorsko Akhtari.
They only managed to attack the small boat KATSh-178 (she escaped unharmed) and were counter-attacked by the lonely SKA-0712 that despite the numerical disadvantage got no damage from the enemy and was supported by coastal artillery.
Germans retreated and were attacked by gunboats BK-112 (1124 class) and BK-323 (S-40 class) (they were on mission to escort back SKA-0112, BK-111 and BK-121: these units were previously involved in coastal bombing and were unsuccessfully attacked by the German MFPs F-418 and F-467).
Additionally, 4 soviet fighter-bombers Il-4 and 2 R-10 joined the clash.
Despite the number of units involved, no Soviet unit suffered damage from enemy and only a rocket fired from Il-2 aircraft caused only minimal friendly fire damage on SKA-0712.
Germans retreat, they had suffered only one hit on an S-boat (unknown which one, documents of that S-boat group for August 1943 are lost).



8 August 1943
Soviet small gunboat BK-81 received some hits, damages and 4 wounded, fighting against three German motor torpedo boats.

On the same day, German motor torpedo boats S-52 and S-72 sunk Soviet tug Petrash



11 August 1943
Five German motor torpedo boats clashed against Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-95 and TK-102.
During the battle, TK-95 was sunk, while TK-102 was damaged with 6 wounded. It appears that also the patrol boat SKA-084 took part briefly but without damage: also the Germans suffered no damage or losses.

On the same day, the German submarine U-24 was lightly damaged by the Soviet patrol boat SKA-0111 that launched 23 depth charges.
Image

SKA-0111 (at left).


18 August 1943
In Azov Sea.
The Germans took revenge for the failure of 21 July: the auxiliary gunboats MAL-1 and MAL-2 intercepted in open sea the small Soviet gunboats BK-123 and BK-133. This time the Germans fully exploited the better range of their 88mm guns and the more stable aiming (the soviet gunboat's forward turret wasn't a stable firing gun for open sea). Both the soviet gunboats where hit and sunk without Germans suffering from Soviet fire.
4 prisoners were captured (all wounded except a young ship's boy of 10 years).


22 August 1943
German submarine U-24 attacked on surface with gunfire the soviet patrol boat SKA-0188 that was towing the two small landing boats DB-36 and DB-37 (both just 7tons with only 3 crewmembers). The patrol boat was forced to cut the tows and leave, while U-24 managed to reach the two boats, capturing the 6 sailors (4 of them wounded), and destroying them with explosive charges.


23 August 1943
German lighter L-2109 (cargo: artillery shell casings) sunk south-west of Taganrog, while under escort from two MAL gunboats, on a field of mines laid two days earlier by Soviet patrol boat SKA-0412 and gunboat BK-124.



24 August 1943
German submarine U-23 had a gunfire clash with the soviet auxiliary patrol boat Shkval that was attacked also with hand grenades and explosive charges after that the submarine tried to ram the boat. The Shkval was sunk during such battle (3 kia and 7 survived, not captured).


30 August 1943
German submarine U-18 clashed on surface with the Soviet patrol boat SKA-0132 that was damaged.

That same afternoon the Soviets made a raid on the Bay of Taganrog.
The small gunboats BK-311 and BK-313 landed a team and engaged with the auxiliary gunboat MAL-1: they distanced and the German gunboat engaged at longer range the small gunboat BK-312 (class 1125) and BK-122 (class 1124). As happened on 18 August, the MAL exploited her longer range of the guns and managed to sunk both the gunboats without suffer damage or losses: 7 soviet sailors were captured.
Later however a group of soviet aircrafts manage to strafe the group with the same gunboat MAL-1 that joined MAL-2, MAL-3, MAL-4, MAL-9 and the auxiliary minesweepers R-30 and RA-52 escorting 5 barges: some damages are caused (unclear on which units), with 3 killed and a number of wounded.


31 August 1943
One of the probably less decent German actions: a group of German motor torpedo boats attacked the very small Soviet patrol boat KATSh-128. She was armed with just a single machine gun, but the Germans failed to sunk her (causing only a single hit with light damage), after having spent most of the ammunition (also two guns of 20mm and one 40mm on the German units were out-of-action due excessive use).
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 25 May 2014, 16:46
1943 Second Half: Autumn and Winter
NOTE:
Almost all the clashes occurred in November and December 1943 (with few exceptions as for the ASW actions) were fought during the Kerch–Eltigen Operation. The Red Army had carried an amphibious offensive and created two bridgeheads on the Crimean peninsula.
Engagements occurred even daily but almost ever on night: sometimes units got involved in constant missions each night and sailors had barely time to sleep for days (because during day there were aerial and ground bombing).
Germans dispatched defensive patrols of armed MFPs (artillery landing barges) at north, while R-boats were dispatched more south. S-boats operated more independently.
Soviets attempted each night to deliver supplies or reinforcements, while Germans attempted to prevent it.
Despite a number of losses, the actual result of the campaign (destruction of the southern bridgehead, but preservation of the northern one: bringing at last to a Soviet strategic victory) was most affected by aerial bombings and artillery barrages on both sides, that scored an higher number of results both on Soviets and German units.


26 September 1943
German MFPs F-302 and F-315 clashed against four Soviets MO-4 patrols and other small units. The soviet SKA-022 was heavily engaged during the battle: Soviets got no damage or losses and both F-302 and F-315 had a killed each.


28 September 1943
German motor torpedo boats S-28, S-42, S-45 and S-49 claimed to have sunk with torpedoes at least 3 merchants, but actually they sunk the small auxiliary minesweepers Nord-Vest and n°155.Also the small motorboat n°58 and the watch cutter KM n°076 were damaged by splinters.


29 September 1943
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-12 and TK-33 clashed against a group of German auxiliary minesweepers R-boats: during the fight, TK-12 was damaged, the commander killed and 2 other sailors wounded.


5 - 6 October 1943
Soviet leader destroyer Kharkov and destroyers Besposhchadnyi and Sposobnyi operated in enemy waters when they were attacked by the German motor torpedo boats S-28, S-42 and S-45: in the previous year, German S-boats had already launched torpedoes against Soviet destroyers, but there were no real engagements. This time the torpedoed missed but a Soviet shell of 45mm fire from Besposhchadnyi (sometimes it’s said Sposobnyi) damaged S-45 and the Germans retreated.
However the next day, Germans carried large air attacks against the soviets ships and all of them, Kharkov, Besposhchadnyi and Sposobnyi were sunk.
The loss of three main units was both a material blow but also a moral one: Stalin was personally dissatisfied and prevented further major warships operations in Black Sea to prevent further losses. Soviet sources claimed to have shot down a number of German aircrafts but this is wrong: the only German loss was a seaplane BV-138 (1./SAGr125, serial 130110) shot down by 3 Soviet P-40 “Kittyhawk” fighters: five airmen were captured by Sposobnyi and later died alongside most of the soviet sailors.
Image
Besposhchadnyi


6 October 1943
German motor torpedo boats S-28, S-42, S-51 and S-52 were on search for soviet survivors from the sinking of the major ships sunk by the Air Force: they met a group of Soviet patrol boats that were pursuing the same mission. It was mainly engaged SKA-015 and she managed to strafe successfully the German group with a number of hits: S-28 suffered a direct hit of 45mm, S-52 had minor damage due splinters, S-42 had a gun out of service (unclear if by accident or by damage). Soviets suffered no damage or casualty.


22 and 24 October 1943
German submarine U-24 suffered little damage due a depth charge launched on 22 October, when was moving to attack the convoy of the auxiliary minesweeper Tszcz-505.
Two days later she suffered an heavier attack from the Fugas-class minesweepers Tszcz-401 Tral and Tszcz-412 Arseniy Raskin and the MO-4 class patrols SKA-082, SKA-0102, SKA-0122 that launched 59 charges: the submarine got again minor damages, not enough to interrupt the mission.


3 November 1943
A confusing engagement during the night between 2 and 3 November, saw SKA-081 together the motor torpedo boat TK-43 fighting against a group of German MFPs: both F-446 and F-578 got minor damages during the action, without damage or casualties for the Soviets.


4 November 1943
A night clash between 3 and 4 November, against German MFPs saw the soviets SKA-101 and SKA-0112 in action, and the last one was damaged with some killed and wounded.
Later, a bloody battle was fought with TK-101 attacked and sunk at close range (with 2 hits of 37mm and launch of hand grenades) by German auxiliary minesweepers R-37, R-204 and R-216. All the three German units were also damaged during the last-stand of TK-101 and the Germans suffered 2 killed, 1 badly wounded and a number of lightly wounded. It was present that night TK-81 that was damaged but managed to escape.
It’s highly probable that during the night the same group of German R-boats had sunk during a separate engagement the Soviet patrol boat SKA-053 and the small minesweeper motorboat n°524 (both were used to supply the beachhead).


7 November 1943
During the night between 6 and 7 November, there were 2 separate clashes.
German auxiliary minesweepers R-37, R-204 and R-216 has success during a series of confusing engagements with scattered soviet units: the smaller auxiliary minesweeper KATSh-526 was damaged, while among a group of small landing crafts, n°36 and n°65 were sunk, n°55 was damaged and n°76 (that was lost) was almost surely another victim of the three R-boats.
In the northern sector, MFPs has less success: F-316, F-446 and F-578 fought against the small gunboats BK-81 and BK-323, and all got minor damages, alongside the second soviet unit. F-335 had not took part at the fight because has been previously hit and damaged by ground artillery.
Image

The less common class of S-40 gunboats fought well against the enemy MFPs.


8 November 1943
During the night between 7 and 8 November, another clash saw the German MFPs and R-boats against the soviet patrols SKA-023, SKA-081, SKA-0122 and small gunboat BK-26.
During the battle SKA-0122 was sunk and SKA-081 was damaged.


9 November 1943
Only MFPs engaged soviets units: two small landing crafts were sunk alongside the auxiliary minesweeper n°173. Also the patrol SKA-0102 was damaged.
The German F-419 suffered a friendly fire direct hit during the battle, causing irreparable damages and 6 killed and 2 wounded.


10 November 1943
Once again, only MFPs engaged a convoy that was moving to re-supply the beachhead. Soviets units involved were the SKA-082, SKA-0102 and the motor torpedo boats TK-96 and TK-114: one hit was scored on each of the m.t.b. but without heavy damages. However a small landing craft accidentally capsized and was lost.
Image

Photo of SKA-0102 with visible damages: actually she's known to have not recorded damage after this fight, but it's possible that this photo has been took during the day of 9 November, after the previous night battle (the SKA could have got emergency repairs for the night's action between 9/10 November.)


11 November 1943
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-96 and TK-114, together SKA-098, escorted another convoy of 2 pontoons, 2 barges, 2 floating barges and one SKA and two BK with also 6 small minesweepers, all used as transports. The convoy was attacked by 3 motor torpedo boats and 5 auxiliary minesweepers: almost all the soviet units of the convoy were reached by the German fire, even if none was lost, they suffered heavy human losses among the infantry carried on the decks. Among the escort, TK-96 suffered 4 hits of 37mm and TK-114 suffered self-inflicted damage due an accident while launching a torpedo against the enemy.


15 November 1943
Four German R-boats attacked a mixed group of soviet units.
During the clash the small gunboat BK-306 was damaged as the patrol SKA-018, but also the German minesweeper R-207 suffered a 45mm direct hit under the waterline and was to be towed away.


17 November 1943
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-76, TK-86 and TK-104 engaged German MFPs.
During a number of skirmishes, F-535 suffered moderate damages as all the soviet units.
However, on the way back after the mission, TK-76 was sunk after being hit by a mine.
Image

Photo of TK-86 (note the rockets for ground bombing).


18 November 1943
German MFPs sunk the Soviet small motorboat n°35 .


20 November 1943
Soviet patrol boats SKA-031, SKA-0141 and SKA-0512 supported by a seaplane Chye-2, attacked with depth charges the German submarine U-18. The submarine got a number of serious damages and was forced to return at harbor.
It was the only confirmed case of an enemy U-boat in Black Sea to have been forced to return home with heavy damages after a Soviet depth-charging attack. Submarine was kept on repairs until 25 January 1944.
Image

Photo of SKA-0141 (here damaged). The successful attack was achieved with support of a seaplane Chye-2: an uncommon aircraft.


21 November 1943
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-94 and TK-114 with the small gunboat BK-321 escorted five armed motor-barges (PVO-12, 20,24,25 and 29) and an auxiliary minesweeper. 3 enemy MFPs attacked and even if the m.t.b claimed one torpedo hit, this didn’t happen. During the fight the soviet motor-barge PVO-29 was badly damaged, but the Germans reported a number of wounded and damages on F-521 and F-573. Later PVO-12 and PVO-20 were destroyed by enemy coastal artillery.
Image

TK-114, later renamed TK-393, took part at two consecutive engagements without suffering damages.



23 November 1943
Soviet motor torpedo boat TK-114 was again on sea together BK-306, escorting 4 motor-barges and a landing craft. Germans sent MFPs and the F-472 suffered light damages. The soviet motor-barge PVO-27 was hit, beached and lost. The soviet motor-barge PVO-28 and the German F-594 collided (both said to have rammed the enemy) and both suffered damages (F-594 has already been lightly damaged in battle). Soviets suffered also light damages on BK-306 and on the small landing craft KATSh-5385. Very minimal damages are reported on other German MFPs
Image

Photo of gunboat BK-306, that was later renamed BK-314. She was of 1124 class.


26 November 1943
The night between 25 and 26 November was very bitter for the Soviets.
German MFPs intercepted the motor-barges PVO-11, PVO-13, PVO-24 and PVO-26, the auxiliary minesweepers n°81, the landing crafts n°12 and n°20. Even if the PVO were armed, there was no TKA, SKA or BK to protect them. PVO-24 was rammed and sunk. PVO-26, PVO-11 and PVO-13 were all damaged but managed to beach themselves to not sunk: the worst blow was the human losses because the PVOs were full of troops: there were 41 killed and 30 wounded.
On German side, the MFP F-135 has been reported as the most active in battle, she too received damage after a direct hit from mortar fire from the coast (the commander was killed).
Image

Photo of PVO-11


5 December 1943
During the night between 4 and 5 December, there were at least 3 engagements.
German MFPs F-342, F-305, F-578, F-395,F-401 and F-447 attacked a soviet convoy: the small auxiliary minesweepers RTSh-415 and RTSh-398, the pontoon n°3, the landing craft DB-5 (towed). The motor torpedo boat TK-96 and the armed motor-barges PVO-21, PVO-25, PVO-28 and PVO-29 escorted the convoy.
The battle was violent: RTSh-398 was sunk, as well as the pontoon n°3, while RTSh-415 was damaged together PVO-28. On their side, Germans suffered damages on F-342 that was forced to leave with 1 killed and 8 wounded (among them one badly wounded, a lightly wounded man was the commander of the group).
Image

PVO were classified as AA barges but they were actually multipurpose boats. Their class (project 165) was designed and built during the war and 20 of the 40 units built were actively used during the 1943 actions: 8 were lost, also due mine and storm, but proved to be useful and resistant (for example, all the units beached on 26 November, were recovered).


7 December 1943
German MFPs sunk the soviet auxiliary minesweeper n°105 . During the night, the patrol boats SKA-031 and SKA-0141 had been grounded due bad weather, they managed to free themselves, but could not took part at the engagement.


8 December 1943
German auxiliary minesweepers R-196, R-208 and R-216 engaged the lonely patrol boat SKA-036: the soviet unit managed to escape undamaged, she also scored a direct hit on R-196 under the waterline and she was forced to be towed away by the other German units to not sunk.


10 December 1943
Very unclear engagement during the night between German MFPs and Soviet landing crafts. Germans claimed up to 9 targets sunk, but they were actually only 2 and were hit by coastal artillery.
Also the German F-333 suffered a direct hit, and it seems it was caused by coastal artillery.
It’s very likely that coastal artillery of both sides opened fire at the ships, with possibility of multiple friendly-fire accidents.


30 December 1943
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-44 and TK-85 had 2 clashes against a same group of German MFPs: on the second engagement, both of them were damaged.
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 24 Jun 2014, 09:59
1944

NOTE: Naval war in Black Sea ended in early summer 1944. As for the last war during 1945 in Baltic Sea, there is a lack of German official documents, due destruction or disappear.


5 March 1944
Patrol boats SKA-042 and SKA-082 clashed against German motor torpedo boats. SKA-042 suffered a direct hit with damage and 1 wounded.


7 March 1944
Soviet motor torpedo boat TK-24 was left behind by a group of other motor torpedo boats and attempted to enter (by mistake) into the enemy harbor of Ak Mechet: she was quickly surrounded by a group of German MFPs and after a quick clash forced to surrender. The crew was captured but the TK-24, despite being put in tow by Germans, was sunk (probably due leaks caused by fight or self-inflicted by Soviets before the capture, to cause the loss of the boat).


5 April 1944
German submarine U-23 clashed against two Soviet patrol boats on surface: during the fight the SKA-099 was damaged.


7 April 1944
German submarine U-18 clashed against Soviet patrol boat SKA-098 that was damaged with 5 wounded.


27 April 1944
Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-332, TK-343 and TK-344 made the first true Soviet m.t.b group attack against an enemy convoy in Black Sea, during the enemy naval evacuation of Crimea. They attacked a mixed Romanian/German group and a torpedo from TK-344 hit the German submarine chaser UJ-104 that was split in two. Germans will manage to keep afloat the bow, but the unit was obviously a total loss and the bow was later scuttled (other sources wrongly reported that it was sunk by Soviet aircrafts or sunk while on tow).
However the attackers paid a price because TK-332 was hit and sunk by the gunfire from the convoy. It’s impossible to say who sunk the motor torpedo boats: Romanians make a claim from their corvette Sublocotenant Ghigulescu, but actually many units opened fire, including German MFPs. Reports that the same Romanian corvette suffered light losses due strafing are wrong (such losses occurred due air raid, and not that day).
Image

Photo of UJ-104 after the torpedo hit. It can be seen how the ship lost part of the stern.


8 May 1944
A second successful Soviet motor torpedo boats raid included TK-304 and TK-344, led by the veteran single-ship SM-3 (that was very active in 1942). They attacked the rear of a little convoy and a torpedo hit and sunk the German barge Elbe-5 (1188 GRT). According Soviet sources, the motor torpedo boats also sunk with gunfire two motorboats: sometimes these are said to be the G-3102 and Cornelis Anni. However the first unit was almost surely hit by Soviet ground artillery and scuttled by Germans, while also Cornelis Anni was possibly sunk by coastal artillery. Due the end of the war (in Black Sea) German documents were lost, so there is a lack of details.
Old Soviet sources wrongly claimed that the barge was sunk by submarine ShCh-202



11 May 1944
Soviet torpedo boat Shtorm was torpedoed and badly damaged by German submarine U-9, but didn’t sunk. She was the most important Soviet military ship torpedoed by submarine in Black Sea, and the second-ever most important during the conflict, after the destroyer Razyaryonnyi that was torpedoed and damaged by submarine in Arctic.
Image

Photo of Shtorm: there were only 2 Soviet torpedo boats in Black Sea.



12 May 1944
Soviet motor torpedo boat TK-301, that was sailing together TK-354, torpedoed and sunk the already damaged (by aircrafts) and abandoned, Romanian minelayer Romania. Even if the victory should be considered shared with the Aviation, still the minelayer was the largest ever (even if not the most important) enemy warship sunk by Soviet motor torpedo boat: the ship was a former merchant with 4500 tons of weight and 108 meters of length.
Image

Photo of Romania (larger ship). From (c) Navypedia


On that same day, Soviet submarine S-33 shelled the German MFP F-130 with gunfire. Submarine had to dive because of enemy aircraft and once it surfaced, the MFP was found abandoned. It appears that the already damaged MFP was manned by skeleton-crew that abandoned the ship once shelled. The S-33 turned unique because the submarine managed to board the MFP and take trophies including a Kriegsmarine flag. Finally the submarine finished the craft and sunk her.
S-33 survived the war having sunk also a Romanian merchant, before sinking of F-130.


17 May 1944
German submarine U-9 was lightly damaged after a failed attack against a Soviet convoy: the counter-attack was done by a Soviet seaplane MBR-2 alongside unidentified submarine chasers of MO-4 class.



27 May 1944
German submarine U-24 attacked with gunfire in surface the Soviet motor-schooner MSH-14 (that suffered 2 wounded), but suffered the counter-attack from Soviet coastal batteries of 76mm (German sources believed there were patrol boats). The submarine retreated having suffered 1 killed and 2 wounded due splinters. Soviet patrol boats (MO-4 class) launched depth charges later, but without further damages inflicted.



28 June 1944
The Romanian submarine Rechinul suffered light damages after depth charges launched by unidentified Soviet patrol boats (MO-4 class).
Image
Painting of a MO-4 class on escort duty. While in Black Sea no enemy submarine sunk by depth charges, German U-boats caused only limited damages to the Soviet shipping lines, abandoning many attacks due strong escort. The newly built Romanian submarines Rechinul and Marsuinul could not achieve success in 1944 for the same reason.



22 August 1944
The last action: Soviet motor torpedo boats TK-221, TK-223, TK-227 and TK-233 attacked a pair of German submarine chasers (UJ) but they evaded the torpedoes, TK-227 was badly damaged by counter-fire, with 3 killed and 5 wounded.
Sadly it's unknown the identity of the German ships, because loss of documents.
It's interesting to know that the motor torpedo boats were former Allied Vosper-class that had been served in Arctic and had just been moved to Black Sea: this was the only engagement they took part in this new naval front (TK-221 already took part at battle in Arctic, on 29 April 1944).
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 15 Sep 2016, 20:41
UPDATE: A couple of additional soviet victories with mines added in 1941, also some correction due new evaluation (two victories of Destroyers, moved to Gunboats' fields).
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 29 Jan 2017, 12:17
UPDATE: added losses caused by mines laid by soviet small ships in Azov Sea (1942). Multiple losses caused by the single unit SKA-0175. First and only confirmed Croat naval loss due soviet minelaying action in Black Sea. Research concluded in 2016 with help of russian author Miroslav Morozov (site tsushima.su) and direct check of Kriegsmarine war diaries.
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 03 Jun 2017, 13:08
UPDATE: added one extra mine's success in 1941 and one in 1942
Soviet cogitations: 252
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 27 May 2018, 10:35
UPDATES: Inserted some Romanian-sources based info of alleged clashes (no confirmation of Soviet data). Added 3 separate mine victories (January, August and July 1943), added 1 riverine minor success in August 1941. Refine some data of 2/Aug/42 and 6/Oct/43 (update anticipate some data for the Anti-Aircraft successes. A major updates will fully cover it in future).
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