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Soviet submarines in Baltic (re-done)

POST REPLY
Soviet cogitations: 259
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 16 Jun 2013, 14:37
Work is a cross-reference between modern Russian sources (sovboat.ru) and modern German sources (historisches-marinearchiv.de)
Similar works and tables made on english-based sites (uboat.net and wikipedia) and older english literature are not updated and contain a number of mistakes.
Image credits (c) Navypedia.org



Summary table of Soviet submarines successes (Baltic)

ShCh class (24 units) 16 losses 23 ships sunk 9 ships damaged 2 unconfirmed/indirect ships sunk
S class (13 units) 12 losses 12 ships sunk 6 ships damaged 1 unconfirmed ship damaged
L class (4 units) 1 losses 16 ships sunk 3 ships damaged 8 unconfirmed ships sunk
K class (6 units) no losses 7 ships sunk
D class (1 unit) no losses 1 ship sunk 1 ship damaged
P class (3 units) 1 losses -
Kalev class (2 units) 1 losses 2 ships sunk 1 ship damaged 3 unconfirmed ships sunk
Ronis class (2 units) 2 losses -
M class (22units) 12 losses -
B-2 and L-55 (2 units, auxiliary service) no losses -

Total 79 units with 45 losses with 61 ships sunk, 20 ships damaged (counting only confirmed).
The losses-victories result was 1.35
Enemy military ships lost include submarines U-144 and U-367, torpedo boat T-3, T-5, T-34 , auxiliary gunboat LAT-7, patrol ship V-2022 and a minesweeper-launch sunk and were damaged patrol ship Vs-302, landing barge F-188.
The other confirmed victims were 53 merchants, tankers, transports, trawlers, and schooners that were sunk, destroyed or damaged without being repaired. Other 15 units were damaged and remained/returned to service


Lists of submarines


Image
Shcuka series III
ShCh-301 (lost 28 Aug 1941 mine from field Finnish minelayers Riilahti and Ruotsinsalmi)
ShCh-302 (lost Oct 1942 mine from German fields “Nashorn”, “Seeigel” or “Juminda”))
ShCh-303 Received the Guards Badge
20/Jul/42 badly damaged German merchant Aldebaran(7891 GRT) torpedo. Was full of troops but only 3 KIA and 3 WIA.
ShCh-304 (lost Nov 1942 mine from German field “Nashorn”)


Image
Shchuka series Vbis
ShCh-305 (lost 5 Nov 1942 rammed by Finnish submarine Vetehinen)
ShCh-308 (lost Oct 1942 mine from German fields “Nashorn”, “Seeigel” or “Juminda” but also claim by Finnish submarine Iku Turso (wreck not yet found))


Image
Shchuka series VbisII
ShCh-306 (lost Nov 1942 mine from German field “Nashorn”(note: wreck found in 2015))
6/Nov/42 sunk German merchant Elbing-9 (467 GRT) torpedo
ShCh-307 Received the Order of the Red Banner
10/Aug/41 sunk German submarine U-144 with torpedo
26/Oct/42 sunk Finnish merchant Betty H. (2478 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of pyrite.
ShCh-309 Received the Guards Badge
12/Sept/42 sunk Finnish merchant Bonden (695 GRT) torpedo
10/Nov/44 sunk German merchant Carl Cords (903 GRT) torpedo
7/Dec/44 sunk German merchant Nordenham (4592 GRT) torpedo
23/Feb/45 sunk German merchant Göttingen(6267 GRT) torpedo.Ship was carrying 1300 soldiers: 100 killed.
ShCh-310 Received the Order of the Red Banner
30/Sept/42 sunk German merchant Franz Rudolf (1419 GRT) torpedo
8/Oct/44 sunk German transport Ro-24 Zonnewijk (4499 GRT) torpedo. Ship was carrying soldiers: 260 were killed.
ShCh-311 (lost 12 Oct 1942 mine from German field “Nashorn”(note: wreck found in 2012) ) Received the Order of the Red Banner, after the Winter War’s campaign. The submarine scored 5 victories.
28/Dec/39 damaged Finnish merchant Sigrid (1224 GRT) gunfire. --- during Winter War
29/Dec/39 sunk Finnish merchant Wilpas (775 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of grain--- during Winter War
5/Jan/40 sunk Swedish merchant Fenris (484 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of fuel --- during Winter War
Also damaged a Swedish lighthouse boat with gunfire during the same attack (the boat saved crew of Fenris).
15/Nov/41 damaged Danish merchant Emmanuel (1284 GRT) gunfire


Image
Shchuka series X
ShCh-317 (lost Jul 1942 mine from German field “Seeigel” (note: wreck found in 2017, past claim by Finnish minelayer Ruotsinsalmi denied)
The submarine scored 4 victories, in addition to a fifth one unconfirmed.
16/Jun/42 sunk Finnish merchant Argo (2513 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of potash salt.
18/Jun/42 damaged Danish merchant Orion (2405 GRT) torpedo
22/Jun/42 sunk Swedish merchant Ada Gorthon (2399 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 4000 tons of iron ore.
8/Jul/42 sunk German merchant Otto Cords (906 GRT) torpedo
10/Jul/42 Swedish schooner Hannah (96 GRT) with a cargo of sand was lost and it’s possible that she was sunk after a collision with the submarine (accidental or voluntary).
ShCh-318 4/Feb/45 sunk German tanker Hiddensee (643 GRT) torpedo
10/Feb/45 collided against an enemy merchant. Submarine got some damages, unclear the identity of the merchant and her damages.
ShCh-319 (lost Sep 1941 mine from German field “Wartbug”(note: wreck found in 2012))
ShCh-320 (lost 2 Oct 1942 mine from German field “Seeigel” (note: wreck found on 2017)) Received the Order of the Red Banner
5/Jul/42 sunk German merchant Anna Katrin Fritzen(677 GRT) torpedo
ShCh-322 (lost Oct 1941 mine from German field “Corbett”(note: wreck found in 2012))
10/Dec/39 sunk German merchant Reinbeck (2804 GRT) torpedo --- during Winter War
12/Dec/39 damaged German merchant Helga Böge (2181 GRT) gunfire ---during Winter War
ShCh-323 (lost 1 May 1943 by bottom mine in Kronstadt channel) received the Order of the Red Banner
5/Dec/39 damaged German merchant Olivia (1308 GRT) with gunfire --- during Winter War
10/Dec/39 sunk Estonian merchant Kassari(379 GRT) gunfire --- during Winter War
16/Oct/41 sunk German merchant Baltenland (3784 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of lumber
ShCh-324 (lost Nov 1941 mine from German field “Apolda”(note: wreck found in 2015)) Received the Order of the Red Banner after the Winter War’s campaign
13/Jan/40 Finnish escort ship Aura-II sunk after explosion while launching depth charges against submarine.
Soviet sources actually claimed submarine surfaced and opened fire. In any case, can be considered an indirect victory. – during Winter War.


Image
Shchuka series Xbis
ShCh-405 (lost 13 or 14 Jun 1942 mine from German field “Brummbär“(note: wreck found in 2018))
ShCh-406 (lost 29 May 1943 by mine from German field “Seeigel” (note: wreck found in 2017, past claim by Finnish minelayer Riilahti denied) Received the Order of the Red Banner
8/Jul/42 badly damaged German trawler Fides (581 GRT) torpedo. Carried a cargo of wood.
29/Oct/42 sunk Swedish merchant Bengt Sture(872 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of coal.7 POW.
1/Nov/42 sunk Finnish merchant Agnes (2983 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of coke coal.
ShCh-407 6/Oct/44 sunk German merchant Nordstern(1127 GRT) torpedo. Carried troops. 531 killed.
4/Dec/44 sunk German merchant Seeburg (12181 GRT) torpedo
ShCh-408 (lost 22 May 1943 German MFP type armed barges, including F-188 and F-191, with gunfire (note: wreck found 2016 rule out aircraft or depth charges damages)
22/May/43 damaged German armed barge F-188 (155 GRT) gunfire
ShCh-411 and ShCh-412 completed only in 1944 and 1945, inactive.


Image
Stalinist series IX
S-1 (lost 23 Jun 1941 scuttled in harbor to avoid capture ) Received the Order of the Red Banner after the Winter War
10/Dec/39 sunk German merchant Bolheim (3324 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of pulp for Finland. --- during Winter War
S-2 (lost after 3 Jan 1940 from Swedish defensive mine (note: wreck found in 2010, originally believed mine from Finnish minalyer Louhi) ) --- during Winter War
S-3 (lost 24 Jun 1941 sunk by German motor torpedo boats S-60 and S-35, after a gunfire battle).
16/Dec/39 damaged German merchant Ginnheim (4794 GRT), 1 killed, 2 wounded with gunfire. --- during Winter War
24/Jun/41 German motor torpedo boat S-35 suffered 4 wounded during gunfight.



Image
Stalinist series IXbis
S-4 (lost 7 Jan 1945 rammed and sunk by German torpedo boat T-3 (note: wreck was found in 2014, giving confirmation to loss))
12/Oct/44 sunk German trawler Taunus (218 GRT) torpedo
13/Oct/44 sunk German tanker Terra (1533 GRT) torpedo
S-5 (lost 28 Aug 1941 during Tallinn Evacuation (note: wreck found in 2012))
S-6 (lost after 6 Aug 1941 mine from German field “Wartbug”(note: wreck found in 2011))
S-7 (lost 21 Oct 1942 sunk by Finnish submarine Vesihiisi). The submarine scored 4 victories, in addition to a fifth one unconfirmed.
9/Jul/42 sunk Swedish merchant Margareta (1272 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of coal.
11/Jul/42 sunk Swedish merchant Luleå (5611 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of iron ore.
27/Jul/42 missed German merchant Ellen Larsen (1938 GRT) but she ran aground and was damaged (currently considered as unconfirmed).
30/Jul/42 sunk German merchant Käthe (1599 GRT) torpedo. General cargo.
5/Aug/42 sunk Finnish merchant Pohjanlahti (682 GRT) gunfire. Cargo of potatoes. 2 POW.
S-8 (lost Oct 1941 mine from German field “Wartbug”(note: wreck found in 1999))
S-9 (lost Aug 1943 mine from German field “Seeigel” (note: wreck found in 2013))
27/Sept/42 badly damaged German tanker Mittelmeer (6370 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of gasoline, 42t lost.
28/Sept/42 badly damaged German merchant Hörnum (1467 GRT) gunfire
S-10 (lost after 28 Jun 1941 mine from German field “Wartbug”(note: wreck found in 2017))
S-11 (lost 2 Aug 1941 mine from German field “Coburg” laid by S-boats)
S-12 (lost after 1 Aug 1943 mine probably from “Nashorn” field)
21/Oct/42 badly damaged German merchant Sabine Howald (5956 GRT) torpedo
27/Oct/42 forced to run aground German merchant Malgache (6903 GRT) torpedo
S-13 The submarine had a total of 6 victories, and received the Order of the Red Banner
11/Sept/42 sunk Finnish merchant Hera (1379 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of coal
12/Sept/42 sunk Finnish merchant Jussi H. (2325 GRT) torpedo. General cargo
18/Sept/42 sunk Dutch schooner Anna W. (290 GRT) gunfire
9/Oct/44 badly damaged German trawler Siegfried (563 GRT) gunfire
30/Jan/45 sunk German transport ship Wilhelm Gustloff(25484 GRT) torpedo. Largest ever human loss for a ship’s sinking in history.
Ship carried 10600 persons (including almost 9000 civilians, the rest were soldiers including almost 1000 submariners).
Up 9400 persons died with the sinking of Wilhelm Gustloff.
10/Feb/45 sunk German transport ship General Steuben (14660 GRT) torpedo. Ship carried 4300 persons (including 800 civilians): 3800 died.


Image
Leninist series II
L-1 (decommissioned in August 1941)
L-2 (lost 14 Nov 1941 mine from field laid by Finnish minelayer Riilahti (note: wreck found in 2006))
L-3 The best ever Soviet submarine with 10 victories (two other likely, other four possible). Received the Guards Badge.
A number of victories claimed post-war with mines on 1941 are currently discredited. Others are unconfirmed and listed here.
1/Oct/41 it is possible that Latvian merchant Kaija (1876 GRT) sunk on submarine’s mine
19/Nov/41 it is possible that German merchant Henny (764 GRT) sunk on submarine’s mine (or by German defensive field).
22/Nov/41 it is possible that Swedish tanker Uno (408 GRT) sunk on submarine’s mine (or by German defensive field)
26/Nov/41 it is possible that German merchant Egeran (1143 GRT) sunk on submarine’s mine (or by German defensive field).
18/Aug/42 sunk Swedish merchant C.F. Liljevalch (5513 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of iron ore.
28/Aug/42 sunk German trawler Walter (177 GRT) mine
17/Nov/42 sunk German merchant Hindenburg (7880 GRT) mine. Cargo of 36 vehicles and 1000 Soviet POWs (6 of them killed).
30/Nov/42 sunk German merchant Dirschau (762 GRT) mine (wreck never found, but remains located in proper position)
9/Dec/42 sunk German merchant Edith Bosselmann (952 GRT) mine
5/Feb/43 it is likely that German merchant Tristan (1701 GRT) was sunk on old submarine’s mine (field undetected by Germans).
6/Feb/43 it is likely that German merchant Grundzee (866 GRT) was sunk on old submarine’s mine (field undetected by Germans).
14/Nov/44 badly damaged German sailing training ship Albert Leo Schlageter (3655 GRT) mine
20/Nov/44 sunk German fleet torpedo boat T-34 with mine
29/Jan/45 sunk German merchant Henry Lütgens (1141 GRT) mine
17/Apr/45 sunk German transport ship Goya (5230 GRT) torpedo.
Ship carried at least 6100 persons (but possibly more unregistered): at least 1500 soldiers, 385 wounded soldiers and 3500 civilians died.
19/April/45 sunk German minesweeping motor-launch with torpedo.(Boat was one of the launches assigned to vessel MRS-11: she was on the path of the torpedo that was aiming at the larger ship and was destroyed).


Image
Leninist series XIIImod
L-21 Second best submarine in Baltic, with 9 victories (and possibility of other two)..
23/Nov/44 damaged German merchant Eichberg(1923 GRT) mine
24/Nov/44 sunk Danish merchant Elie(1873 GRT) mine
and damaged German patrol ship Vs-302 on mine the same day
and sunk Swedish merchant Hansa (563 GRT) torpedo the same day. 83 people died.
22/Dec/44 it is possible that German merchant Eberhard (749 GRT) sunk on submarines’ mines (proper location, but explosion/mine hit not observed by coast).
14/Mar/45 sunk German torpedo boat T-3 mine
and sunk German torpedo boat T-5 mine the same day
16/Mar/45 sunk German submarine U-367 with mine
23/Mar/45 sunk German patrol ship V-2022/E Colzmann torpedo
25/Mar/45 sunk German gunboat LAT-7 Gretel with torpedo
25/Apr/45 it is possible that German patrol boat Vs-343 sunk on submarine’s mines (ship missing without trace)


Image
Katyusha series XIV
K-51 28/Nov/44 sunk German trawler Solling(260 GRT) gunfire
1/Dec/44 sunk German trawler Saar (235 GRT) gunfire
28/Jan/45 sunk Danish merchant Viborg(2028 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of coal.
K-52 Received the Order of the Red Banner
K-53 17/Mar/45 sunk German merchant Margarethe Cords (1912 GRT) torpedo
After the end of the war, on 13/May/45 shelled and destroyed an abandoned German armed boat.
K-54 not in service
K-55 no success
K-56 26/Dec/44 sunk German merchant Baltenland (3038 GRT) torpedo
29/Dec/44 sunk Swedish merchant Vanersborg(1046 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of wood pulp.
11/Apr/45 sunk Swedish schooner Ramona (57 GRT) gunfire


Image
Dekabrist series I
D-2 14/Oct/42 sunk German merchant Jacobus Fritzen(4090 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of coal
19/Oct/42 damaged German ferry ship Deutschland (2972 GRT) torpedo. Carried Norwegian paramilitary soldiers, 24 dead and 29 wounded, maybe killed also the Norwegian minister of propaganda (Lund Gulbrand).


Image
Kalev series (ex-Estonian submarines)
Kalev (lost Nov 1941 mine possibly from German field “Juminda”. Wreck not yet found)
Lembit Received the Order of the Red Banner. While Lembit has only 3 confirmed victories, there is possibility of other three.
A number of victories claimed post-war with mines on 1941 are currently discredited.
14/Sept/42 damaged German merchant Finnland (5281 GRT) torpedo. Carried troops: 10 killed, 86 wounded.
13/Oct/44 sunk Danish merchant Hilma Lau (2414 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of coal.
15/Oct/44 it is possible that a German fishing boat torpedoed and sunk
24/Nov/44 sunk German trawler Spreeufer (216 GRT) mine
13/Feb/45 it is possible that German minesweeper M-421 sunk on a submarine’s mine.
1/May/45 it is possible that German landing barge F-193 sunk on a submarine’s mine.


Image
Ronis series (ex-Latvian submarines)
Ronis (lost 23 Jun 1941scuttled in harbor to avoid capture)
Spidola (lost 23 Jun 1941 scuttled in harbor to avoid capture)


Image
Pravda series IV
P-1 (lost 10 Sept 1941 mine from German field “Juminda” (note: wreck found in 2008))
P-2 used as transport and training-ship. Decommissioned in 1944.
P-3 used as transport and training-ship. Decommissioned in 1944.


older submarines
Image
B-2 old veteran of the Russian Civil War. Used for training and later to recharge batteries.
While named “Pantera” torpedoed and sunk the British destroyer HMS Vittoria on 31/Aug/19 during the Russian Civil War.
It was the only submarine victory scored by Soviet submarines in Baltic during the conflict, it was also the only destroyer ever sunk by a Russian or Soviet submarine with torpedo attack.
Image
L-55 old ex- British submarine of WWI sunk in action by Soviets during Russian Civil War. Used to recharge batteries.


Image
Malyutka series VImod
M-71 (lost 23 Jun 1941 scuttled in harbor to avoid capture)
M-72 M-73 M-74 M-75 M-76 decommissioned and in reserve already in 1942
M-77 transferred in Ladoga Lake
M-78 (lost 23 Jun 1941 sunk by German submarine U-144)
M-79 transferred in Ladoga Lake
M-80 (lost 24 Jun 1941 scuttled in harbor to avoid capture)
M-81 (lost 1 Jul 1941 mine)
M-83 (lost 27 Jun 1941 scuttled in harbor to avoid capture)


Image
Malyutka series XII
M-90
M-92 experimental submarine
M-94 (lost 21 Jul 1941 sunk by German submarine U-140)
M-95 (lost 15 Jun 1942 mine from Finnish field “Rukayarvi-B” (note: wreck found in 2015))
M-96 (lost between 7 and 9 Sep 1944 mine from German field “Seeigel”)
M-97 (lost 2 Sept 1942 mine from German field “Nashorn” (note: wreck found in 1990, mine damage deny the claim of Finnish VMV patrol boats))
M-98 (lost 15 Nov 1941 mine, possibly on the fields “D-35” or “D-46”))
M-99 (lost 27 Jun 1941 sunk by German submarine U-149)
M-102
M-103 (lost 25 Aug 1941 mine from field “D-2” laid by German minelayer Brummer)
Last edited by 1redItalian on 24 Oct 2018, 23:40, edited 49 times in total.
Reason: minor corrections
Soviet cogitations: 259
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 23 Jan 2014, 14:59
Added class profiles from site (c) Navypedia.org
Soviet cogitations: 259
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 29 May 2014, 17:49
Addition!:
Some of modern authors had detracted in the last years the sinking of U-367: usually linked with mines laid by Soviet submarine L-21.
A strange radio communication (with clear mistakes) was attributed to U-367 and indicated the possibility that she was lost out of the L-21's field (this message was however puzzling, because even the same number of reported submarine was wrong: U-3010).
In Fall 2013 a group of Polish divers found and explored a previously identified U-boat wreck that lie perfectly in the area of L-21 mines.
Even if the identification could not have been made at 100%, the divers believed for a number of elements that it was U-367 (a number of details coincide, including battle damage, class of submarine and lack of other U-boats losses in that location).
http://forum-nuras.com/printview.php?t= ... 67fe2221a2
http://vimeo.com/78585591

L-21 now share the top of the best of Soviet submarines with L-3 and L-4: all achieved 9 victories among sinking and damaging.
(however L-3 remains the most successful, considering the targets and the amount of sinking ones).
Soviet cogitations: 259
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 29 Nov 2015, 21:19
Addition!
Miroslav Morozov in 2015 revised the case of loss of German merchant "Dirschau" occurred on 30 November 1942 and assigned it to submarine L-3 (with mine).
L-3 is now officially the best Soviet submarine of WW2 with a tally of 10 victories, having surpassed L-4 and L-21 (both with 9 victories).
Statistics has been revised.
Soviet cogitations: 259
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 05 Nov 2017, 10:44
Update!
Discovery of wreck of submarines ShCh-320 and ShCh-406: both vessels lost due German mines. Previously ShCh-406 believed sunk by German small minesweepers, also Finnish sources made a wrong claim of ShCh-320 for their submarine Iku-Turso.
Soviet cogitations: 259
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 19 Jun 2018, 12:36
Major Updates:
* Inserted main credits of original sources (neutral modern Russian source and German source as cross-work).
* During years 2010-2018 a number of Soviet submarines wrecks have been discovered in Baltic Sea! Fate of some ships has been revised as consequences (such revision occurred only on updated Russian sources).
Significantly, currently no Soviet submarine can be claimed as sunk by enemy depth charges attack in the Baltic Sea area!
(only ShCh-408, S-3 and S-4 sunk by enemy surface ship direct action: all due gunfire or ramming).
All Finnish claims with depth charges done by minelayers or patrol boats are currently discredited.
* Added few damaging victories scored during Winter War
* Added unconfirmed-shared victories to L-3, L-21 and Lembit
* One submarine is no more considered a battle loss: M-74 (already on reserve status when hit by bombers in harbor. Submarine was lifted and alongside the rest of subclass placed on reserve).
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