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Soviet submarines in Arctic in WW2 (re-work updated 2019)

POST REPLY
Soviet cogitations: 288
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 19 May 2013, 14:39
The naval warfare on the Eastern Front during the WW2 (Great Patriotic War) was the largest conflict involving the Soviet Navy and without doubt it was the greatest naval war ever faced by a socialist or communist nation. In five years of warfare (excluding preliminary conflicts like the Winter War), the Soviet Navy endured times of sacrifice and losses, fighting against a formidable foe and writing bloody and glorious pages of naval war history poorly known in the western world.
Decades after the end of the war, destruction and confidentiality of documents make numerous details still unknown, it is only after modern-day researches of authors that a number of false myths and wrong claims (committed by all sources, post-war) receive a neutral assessment.
Contrary to the popular western belief that the naval warfare played no real part in the war, the Soviet Navy engaged in specific operations in the different areas of competence of the Fleets (Baltic, Black Sea, Northern, Pacific, and other Flotillas).
During the decade before the war, the Soviet Navy initiated large programs of expansion with a number of warships entering service (including cruisers and destroyers): such plans not completed in time, and by the time of the Nazi invasion, the shipbuilding programs stalled or diverted to wartime emergency plans.
The Soviet leadership, wisely realized how the submarine warfare was a key of strategic success and despite all classes of warships increased in numbers, submarines received a peculiar attention (with over 200 submarines in 1941!).

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Despite the large efforts to reinforce the Navy, the Northern Fleet received far less vessels compared to the other Fleets, before the beginning of War. Strategic situations forced the Navy to fix this issue: a number of submarines (almost completed at the beginning of war) transferred from Baltic to the Northern Fleet thanks the White Sea Canal. During the first year of naval warfare, submarines quickly turned the main Soviet offensive asset to harass enemy shipping lines but they were less successful compared to the more experienced British submarines dispatched by the allies in Soviet harbors.
The following years, Soviet submarines (often sailing in stormy weather) scored increased victories while commanders and crewmembers gained experience but they paid with mounting losses. The Soviet Navy dispatched reinforcements from the Pacific Fleet and received few ex-British submarines in 1944 as temporary loan.
Technically, at the end of the war, the Northern Fleet submarines scored the best result in terms of ratio between submarines lost and enemy ships sunk but this was a small percentage of the German shipping directed to supply their ground forces confronting the Red Army on Murmansk Front. By comparison, the campaigns of Soviet submarines in Baltic and Black Sea were strategically more important.
Soviet submarines also actively landed and retrieved small parties of “scouts” (Soviet naval commandos) behind enemy lines, on some occasions these operations inserted Norwegian partisans.
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SOURCES:

Work is an essentially based on the Russian site Sovboat.ru and work of author Miroslav Morozov: these are the top modern and most updated sources of Soviet Submarine warfare in WW2. German site historisches-marinearchiv.de is also a relatively good source.
Lists of Soviet successes and victories made in other sites (especially English literature) like Uboat.net and Wikipedia are NOT good sources, including many mistakes generated by ‘90s works.
Similar works and tables made on English-based sites (uboat.net and wikipedia) and older English literature are not updated and contain a number of mistakes.
Image credits (c) Navypedia.org




Summary table of confirmed Soviet submarines successes (Arctic)

ShCh class (6 units) 5 battle losses 7 ships sunk
S class ( 13 units) 2 battle losses 12 ships sunk 2 ship damaged, 1 unconfirmed ship sunk
L class ( 3 units) no losses 3 ships sunk 1 ship damaged 3 unconfirmed ships sunk and 1 unconfirmed damaged.
K class (6 units) 5 battle losses 19 ships sunk 5 ships damaged
D class (1 unit) 1 battle loss -
V class (4 units) no battle losses (1 friendly fire during transfer) 3 ships sunk
M class (16 units) 9 battle losses 7 ships sunk 1 ship damaged. 2 unconfirmed ships indirectly sunk.

Total units49 with 22 battle losses with 51 ships sunk, 9 ships damaged,
This make a final balance score of 2.31 : 1 between victories (sinking) and losses.

Enemy military ships lost include submarine U-639, minesweeper M-346, (6) patrol ships Vandale, NKi-09, NM-01, NM-21, V-6112, V-6115, (8) submarine chasers UJ-1108, UJ-1110, UJ-1202, UJ-1209, UJ-1217, UJ-1219, UJ-1220, UJ-1708, sunk and minesweeper M-22 damaged. The hospital ship Birka was also sunk.
The other victims were 34 merchants, tankers and motorboats that were sunk, destroyed or damaged without being repaired. Other 8 units were damaged and remained/returned to service



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Shchuka series X
ShCh-401 (lost Apr 1942 mine from German barrage “Karin”)
23/Apr/42 sunk Norwegian merchant Stensaas (1359 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of ammunitions.
ShCh-402(lost Sept 1944 likely sunk by mines from German barrage NW-30, very unlikely by friendly-fire Soviet A-20 bomber. Wreck not found.)
Received both the Order of the Red Banner and the Guards Badge
17/Oct/41 sunk Norwegian merchant Vesterålen (682 GRT) torpedo.Had cargo and passengers (38 killed).
27/Feb/42 sunk German patrol ship Vandale with torpedo
ShCh-403 (lost Oct 1943 mine from German barrage NW-30, laid by minelayer Roland) Received the Order of the Red Banner.
22/Dec/41 while missing a merchant, a torpedo run on the shore exploding and damaging a German observation tower.
19/Nov/42 escaped by diving from a ramming attack performed by German minesweeper M-1503, however commander assumed dead and left on the tower: later picked from water by enemy and become POW (eventually killed in concentration camp).
ShCh-404 Received the Order of the Red Banner. Only Shchuka survived at war in Arctic.
1/Apr/42 sunk German merchant Michael (2793 GRT) torpedo. Cargo with iron ore.
19/Apr/43 heavily damaged by German submarine chasers UJ-1103, UJ-1104 and UJ-111 with depth charges (needed five months of repairs).
ShCh-421 (lost 9 Apr 1942 sunk by soviet submarine K-22, to prevent the capture. Despite being damaged by mine (German field “Ursula-B”), she managed to move from the dangerous location with a sail done with engine canvas cloth, then she was located and crew rescued by K-22 that later torpedoed the ShCh-421)
Received the Order of the Red Banner
5/Feb/42 sunk German merchant Konsul Schulte (2975 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of prefabricated wooden barracks.
ShCh-422 (lost Jul 1943 most likely on mine from German barrage “Sperre-IV”. Wreck not found). Received the Guards Badge
12/Sept/41 sunk Norwegian merchant Ottar Jarl (1459 GRT) torpedo. General cargo for Germany
and hit with unexploded torpedo the Norwegian merchant Tanahorn (336 GRT) that same day. (Note: reports of slight damage too little for victory).
26/Jan/42 sunk Norwegian fishing boat F-3G Borge (10 GRT )boarded and then sunk with gunfire. 3 POW.
ShCh-424 (lost 20 Oct 1939, before the War, rammed accidentally by Soviet trawler RT-43 before the war. 7 crewmembers survived.)



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Srednyaya series IXbis
S-51 from Pacific Ocean through Panama Canal and Atlantic to reinforce the Northern Fleet. Received the Order of Red Banner
After decommissioning, the conning tower and bow preserved as memorial.
3/Sept/43 sunk German submarine chaser UJ-1202/Franz Dankworth with torpedo
S-54 (lost Mar 1944 mine from a German barrage) from Pacific Ocean through Panama Canal and Atlantic to reinforce the Northern Fleet.
S-55 (lost Dec 1943 mine from German barrage “NM-27”, “NM-28” or “Karin”) from Pacific Ocean through Panama Canal and Atlantic to reinforce the Northern Fleet.
29/Apr/43 sunk German merchant Sturzsee (708 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of iron ore.
After the victory, the submarine suffered a heavy attack with depth charges by minesweeper M-343 and submarine chasers UJ-1207 and UJ-1208: a charge demolished the bow of the submarine but S-55 managed to sail back to base (damage required five months of repair).
12/Oct/43 sunk German merchant Ammerland (5381 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 865tons of forage, 538tons of oats, 600tons of hay, 361tons of food.
8/Dec/43 should have been the submarine responsible for unexploded torpedo hit on Norwegian merchant Valør (1016 GRT)
S-56 from Pacific Ocean through Panama Canal and Atlantic to reinforce the Northern Fleet. With 5 victories, was the third best submarine in Arctic and received both the Oder of the Red Banner and the Guards Badge
After decommissioning, the ship preserved and turned into a Museum-ship on land.
17/May/43 sunk German tanker Eurostadt (1118 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 1.280tons of fuel
and damaged German merchant Wartheland (3678 GRT) with unexploded torpedo during the same attack (still caused a leak by impact).
(The only recorded attack when a salvo of multiple torpedoes fired from a Soviet submarine, hit more than one single target).
17/Jul/43 sunk German minesweeper M-346 with torpedo. Largest surface German warship sunk by Soviet submarine torpedo attack in the war.
19/Jul/43 sunk German patrol ship NKi 09 / Alane with torpedo. Submarine attacked at maximum range.
28/Jan/44 sunk German merchant Heinrich Schulte (5056 GRT) torpedo. No cargo
S-101 Received the Order of the Red Banner
6/Feb/42 destroyed the stranded Norwegian merchant Mimona (1147 GRT) with torpedo. Already considered a total loss since 10 January.
29/Mar/43 sunk German merchant Ajax (2297 GRT)torpedo. Cargo of 538tons of oats and 349tons of straw. (Often wrongly credited to S-55)
28/Aug/43 sunk German submarine U-639 with torpedo. One of the two German U-boats torpedoed by Soviet submarine.
S-102 21/Oct/40 Finnish steamer Astrid (602 GRT) rammed and sunk by accident. Cargo of salt.
there was no war at the time between Finland and Soviet Union. Incident happened in Baltic Sea (before submarine transferred to Northern Fleet).
14/Jan/42 sunk German merchant Türkheim (1904 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of iron ore.



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Srednyaya series IXbisII
S-14 Received the individual name “Geroicheskiy Sevatopol’” (= Heroic Sevastopol)
12/Jun/44 launched her torpedoes against the wreck of German merchant Natal (3172 GRT)(commonly targeted by Soviet submarines)
20/Oct/44 may have sunk with torpedo a small Norwegian fishing boat. (There are no records remained to confirm or deny)
S-15 Received the individual name “Kolkhoznitsa”
Once completed in Caspian Sea, and before reaching the Northern Fleet, it was used as for a wartime submarine war movie as fictional “T-9”.
24/Aug/44 damaged German merchant Dessau (5933GRT) torpedo. No cargo. Merchant repaired only after the conflict (damage not so heavy to make it a full victory).
S-16,S-17,S-19 (these three submarines operative only at the very last stage of naval warfare in Arctic, little chances to meet enemy). An individual name, “Geroy Sovetskogo Soyuza Nurseitov” given to S-16, while “Sovetskaya Svanetiya” given to S-17 (not to V-4 as commonly said by western sources).
Note: S-18, S-20, S-21, S-22, S-23, S-24, S-25, S-26 (never operative in Arctic during War. Most completed after the war in Baltic or Caspian Sea)
S-103 made some attacks in 1944 but without the success.
S-104 Received the Order of the Red Banner
20/Jun/44 sunk German submarine-chaser UJ-1209 Kuj-XXI with torpedo
12/Oct/44 sunk German merchant Lumme (1730 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 950tons of prefabricated barracks.



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Leninist series XIII
L-15 from Pacific Ocean through Panama Canal and Atlantic to reinforce the Northern Fleet.
4/Oct/43 possibly sunk the German submarine hunter UJ-1214/Rau V (354 GRT) with mine. Germans partially swept the field, could also be an own German floating mine. (Note: often wrongly credited also to M-105)
Another victory by mine (patrol ship NH-24) on 1944 currently discredited.


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Leninist series XIIIbis
L-20 1/Jan/43 sunk German merchant Muansa (5472 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 65 motor vehicles.
1/Feb/43 sunk German merchant Othmarschen (7077 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 2.070tons of food.
L-22 Received the Order of the Red Banner. She scored 2 victories but there is possibility of 3 unconfirmed victories (two of them unlikely).
1/Jun/43 sunk German military hospital ship Birka (1000 GRT) mine. 105 wounded soldiers killed. She was the only proper “hospital ship” sunk by Soviet submarine, but she was part of a military convoy.
1/Sep/43 damaged German merchant Rüdesheimer (2036 GRT) torpedo.
20/Oct/43 laid floating mines, intentionally drifting in Altenfjord where it was located the powerful German battleship Tirpitz.
This was one of the many Allied attempts to attack the warship, but anti-torpedo nets well protected her and no mine reached the target.
28/Dec/43 possibly sunk the German minesweeping boat R-64 on mine. She sunk on a drifting mine that could also have been German or British.
25/Oct/44 possibly sunk the German patrol ship NKi-05 Sperber (ex-“Jarnbarden”). She sunk on a drifting mine, more likely German. (Note: the chance it was a mine from submarine L-20 is impossible, because her mines were set for self-destructions).
27/Nov/44 possibly damaged the German merchant Adolf Binder (3515 GRT). Damaged on a drifting mine, more likely German.
(Note: claim that a mine from L-20 hit the merchant is again a wrong information).
Other two commonly credited victories (auxiliary ship Shiff-18/Alteland and tug Pasvik) currently discredited and assigned to mine fields of MO-4 type boats.




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Kreyserskaya series XIV
K-1 (lost Sep – October 1943 reason unknown. Wreck not found. Assumed drifting mine from German barrages or technical incident) Scored the good result of 8 victories, best submarine of Northern Fleet.
Never received an award because, in addition to her wartime sinking, mine victories assigned only postwar.
In September 1941 made the longest offensive patrol in Northern Fleet, positioning in Vestfjord (Nordland county), without attacking targets.
8/Nov/41 sunk German merchant Flottbek (1930 GRT) mine
26/Dec/41 sunk Norwegian merchant Kong Ring (1994 GRT) mine. 257 German soldiers carried were killed.
8/Apr/42 sunk German merchant Kurzsee (754 GRT) mine. Cargo of food.
23/May/42 sunk German merchant Asuncion (4626 GRT) mine. Cargo of 2.454tons of food.
12/Sept/42 sunk German merchant Robert Bornhofen (6643 GRT) mine. Cargo of coal.
6/Dec/42 sunk German patrol ship NM-01 mine
and sunk German patrol ship NM-21 mine the same day
17/Feb/43 damaged merchant Moltkefels (7863 GRT) mine
K-2 (lost Sep 1942 mine from German barrage “Bantos-A”). Note: only vessel of her class in Arctic without confirmed or possible victories.
12/Sept/41 attacked unsuccessfully with artillery the Norwegian merchant Lofoten (1571 GRT). No damage inflicted (sometimes claimed damaged).
29/Nov/42 often wrongly credited German merchant Akka (2646 GRT) damaged with mines. In reality, it was mines of Soviet submarine chasers.
K-3 (lost Mar 1943 wreck not yet found: probably sunk by German submarine-chasers UJ-1102, UJ-1106 and UJ-1111 with depth charges on 17 March, but maybe by patrol ships V-5903 and V-6103 on 21 March, or even sunk by mine from German barrages “Ursula” or “NW-10” )
3/Dec/41 sunk German submarine-chaser UJ-1708 Faröer with gunfire. Submarine previously damaged by depth charges and forced to surface, during subsequent gunfire battle she sunk one of the three attacking submarine chasers and forced the others to flee.
30/Jan/42 sunk Norwegian merchant Ingoy (327 GRT) mine. Cargo of post.
5/Feb/43 sunk German submarine hunter UJ-1108 Elbe with torpedo. Only coordinated action between two Soviet submarines (with K-22), but victory was individual feat of K-3 and the other submarine sunk subsequently on mines.
12/Feb/43 destroyed German merchant Fechenheim (8116 GRT) torpedo. She run aground: towed in Germany but not repaired.
K-21 second best submarine of the Northern Fleet, with 7 victories, received the Order of the Red Banner.
After decommissioning, the ship preserved and turned into a Museum-ship on land.
21/Nov/41 sunk Norwegian merchant Bessheim (1774 GRT) mine. Carried troops but only 8 KIA.
21/Jan/42 sunk Norwegian motorboat F-223N Ingøy (15 GRT) gunfire
13/Mar/42 rescued on sea the submarine ShCh-402 that stopped because of lack of fuel: K-21 transferred the fuel needed to return home.
5/Jul/42 a torpedo attack against the large German battleship Tirpitz (sister of Bismarck) was unsuccessful. However, the courageous attack (occurred during convoy PQ-17) believed to have successfully damaged the battleship and this become an important propaganda coup, arousing congratulations also from the Allies. Modern researches also discovered how the attack was a reason for the German’s retreat of the battlegroup (fearing more submarine attacks), thus saving the survivors of PQ-17 convoy.
9/Jul/42 sunk German submarine hunter UJ-1110 with mine. Also carried troop: among them 21 KIA (excluding crew). (NOTE: often wrongly credited also to K-3)
12/Feb/43 suffered a heavy fire onboard, no casualties and crew successfully fixed damage allowing continuation of mission.
20/Feb/43 torpedoes fired at close distance of enemy Lopphavet harbor (aiming at motorboats), by chance caused no damage and exploded on rocks nearby the mooring. Germans did not realized it was a submarine attack.
12/Apr/43 sunk Norwegian motorboat Frøy (40 GRT) gunfire
and badly damaged Norwegian motor boats Havegga, Baren and Øistein (all of 15 GRT) with gunfire during the same attack (overall they suffered 10 killed and 4 wounded). A Soviet sailor fell overboard by high wave and captured by Barren becoming POW (later liberated by Norwegian partisans, rejoined the Navy and survived the war).
Also boarded the Norwegian motor boat Skrein (70 GRT) and captured the crew (7 POW), but she was abandoned on sea and later recovered by the Germans.
(NOTE: a similar alleged attack against Norwegian fishing boats often reported on 12 February 1943 actually did not happen (possibly a confusion with the real attack of 20 February, the successful attack on Norwegian motorboats often wrongly reported on 14 September 1943)).
22/Apr/43 often wrongly credited German merchant Düna (1926 GRT) but submarines’ field was on different location (ship sunk due German own mines).
On maintenance from April 1944 until the end of war.
K-22 (lost 7 Feb 1943 mine from German barrage “Sperre-III” ) Received the Guards Badge.
11/Dec/41 sunk Norwegian motorboat T-29SA Alphar (15 GRT)gunfire
and sunk Norwegian motorboat F-76G Borgar (15 GRT)gunfire (one was towing the other, carrying fuel).
19/Jan/42 sunk Norwegian merchant Vaaland (106 GRT) gunfire. General cargo.
On the same attack shelled the already wrecked (already total losses) Norwegian merchants Mimona (1147 GRT) and Andromeda (658 GRT).
9/Apr/42 rescued the crew of the damaged Soviet submarine ShCh-421 and then torpedoed and sunk the submarine to prevent capture.
K-23(lost 12 May 1942 engaged in gunfire battle with submarine chasers UJ-1101, UJ-1109 and UJ-1110. Bombed and damaged by Ju-88 plane and then finished by the same submarine chasers with depth charges (probably UJ-1109 scored the coup de grace)).
5/Nov/41 badly damaged German minesweeper M-22 with mine
26/Nov/41 attacked with gunfire the Norwegian trawler Start (196 GRT); no direct damage but caused 7 wounded.
9/Jan/42 stopped the Norwegian motorboat Amberget, leaving it free after interrogation. However, the Norwegian flag seized as trophy.
19/Jan/42 sunk Norwegian merchant Sørøy (506 GRT) gunfire and torpedo
15/Feb/42 often wrongly credited Norwegian merchant Birk (3664 GRT) sunk on mine, but submarine’s field was on different location (ship sunk due German own mine).


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Dekabrist series I
D-1 (lost 13 Nov 1940 accident, before the war, unrelated with Winter War)
D-3 (lost Jun 1942 mine from German barrage “Bantos-A” or “Sperre-III”). Received both the Order of the Red Banner and the Guards Badge.
None of the many claimed victories in 1941 was real, however the awards received made an effective propaganda boost on the first year of war.
12/Aug/41 claim to have shot down a Me-110C aircraft, Germans admitted the loss but it’s not fully clear if submarine was responsible.


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British S-class
V-1 (lost 27 Jul 1944 British Liberator bomber, friendly fire during transfer. Also killed onboard a British officer) ex-British submarine HMS Sunfish.



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British U-class (third group)
V-2 ex-British submarine HMS Unbroken.
11/Oct/44 often wrongly credited German patrol ship V-6517 with torpedo, but she was not the target of attack (and survived war).
12/Oct/44 sunk German submarine-chaser UJ-1220 Zeebrugge with torpedo
V-3 ex-British submarine HMS Unison.



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British U-class (first group)
V-4 ex-British submarine HMS Ursula.
18/Oct/44 sunk a Norwegian fishing boat (ext. 40 GRT) gunfire. For decades, this victory was a mystery (observed by crew on deck, but lacked confirmation) and believed to be a coastal ship. Exact name of boat still unclear.
20/Oct/44 sunk German submarine-chaser UJ-1219 Kuj-I with torpedo



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Malyutka series XII
M-104 Received the individual name “Yaroslavskiy Komsomolets” because finished thanks fundraising of Komsomol members of Yaroslavl region.
10/Mar/44 launched her torpedoes against the wreck of German merchant Natal (3172 GRT) (commonly targeted by Soviet submarines).
Moved to the Black Sea Fleet in July 1944, had no chance to make offensive patrols there.
M-105 Received the individual name “Chelyabinskiy Komsomolets” because finished thanks fundraising of Komsomol members of Chelyabinsk region.
31/Jan/44 launched her torpedoes against the wreck of German merchant Natal (3172 GRT)(commonly targeted by Soviet submarines).
Moved to the Black Sea Fleet in July 1944, had no chance to make offensive patrols there.
M-106 (lost 5 Jul 1943 rammed by submarine chaser UJ-1217/Star XXII)
Received the individual name “Leninskiy Komsomolets” because finished thanks fundraising of Komsomol members of Leninsk region.
M-107 Received the individual name “Novosibirskiy Komsomolets” because finished thanks fundraising of Komsomol members of Novosibirsk region.
11/Sept/43 sunk German submarine-chaser UJ-1217/Star XXII with torpedo (took revenge for M-106).
Moved to the Black Sea Fleet in July 1944, had no chance to make offensive patrols there.
M-108 (lost Feb 1944 mine from German barrage “NW-30” or “Sperre-III”)
3/Feb/44 launched her torpedoes against the wreck of German merchant Natal (3172 GRT) (commonly targeted by Soviet submarines).
M-119 Often wrongly credited with sinking German merchant Nerissa (992 GRT) on 19/Oct/43 (actually sunk by Soviet motor torpedo boats)
Moved to the Black Sea Fleet in July 1944, had no chance to make offensive patrols there.
M-121 (lost Nov 1942 mine from German barrage “Sperre-V” or “Bantos-A”)
M-122 (lost 14 May 1943 sunk by two Fw-190 German fighter-bombers while on patrol)
16/Mar/43 sunk German merchant Johannisberger (4467 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 2.042tons of coal and 60tons of tar.
M-171 Received the Guards Badge . Thanks the peculiar case of Curityba, she scored on overall 2 victories plus up three unconfirmed indirect victories. Even if very active and ended being best Malyutka submarine in Arctic, made many wrong claims on allegedly sunk targets.
2/Oct/41 launched her torpedoes against Norwegian merchant Mimona (1147 GRT) during a daring attack in very low waters. Torpedoes hit the pier.
22/March/42 missed with torpedoes the German submarine U-456
29/March/42 missed with torpedoes (just reloaded) a German submarine (either U-456 or U-585).
29/Apr/42 destroyed German merchant Curityba (4969 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of iron ore.
It is very likely minesweeping boats M-5403 and M-5407 carried on the merchant sunk as well with the ship (both locally built vessels, there is poor documentation over them). (Note: other sources mention the Norwegian fishing vessel F-14-V as a third loss on the incident, but it is possible it was the old name of one of the two boats).
29/Jan/43 damaged German merchant Ilona Siemers (3245 GRT) torpedo. The merchant was never again operative because in Germany was further damaged by American aircrafts, however not a full victory for the damage inflicted by M-171 alone.
31/Mar/43 collided against a Norwegian motorboat while surfacing. Reportedly, submarine tangled in fishing nets.
Only XII series submarine left in 1944 in Arctic, she received unique modification as minelaying submarine, but never laid mine in her last patrol.
M-172 (lost Oct 1943 mine from German barrage “NW-34”, “NW-35” or “Sperre-V”) Received both the Order of Red Banner and the Guards Badge . Clearly unworthy awards, (many wrong claims).
21/Aug/41 launched her torpedoes against German merchant Monsun (6950 GRT) during a daring attack in very low waters. Torpedoes hit the pier.
1/Feb/43 sunk German patrol ship V-6115/Ostwind with torpedo
M-173 (lost Aug 1942 mine from German barrage “Sperre-IV” or “Bantos-A”)
22/Apr/42 sunk German merchant Blankenese (3236 GRT) torpedo. No cargo.
M-174 (lost Oct 1943 mine from German barrage “NW-34”, “NW-35” or “Sperre-III” ) Received the Guards Badge. Made no large wrong claims like other awarded Malyutka in Arctic.
26/Sept/41 launched her torpedoes against Norwegian merchants Mimona (1147 GRT) and German merchant Aldebaran (7891 GRT). Submarine attacked at close range, in the very low waters but like other Malyutka submarine was unlucky and one torpedo hit the pier (the other on beach).
21/Dec/41 sunk German merchant Emshörn (4301 GRT) torpedo. Cargo of 3.500tons prefabricated wooden barracks.
24/March/43 survived a mine hit (field “Sperre-V” from minelayers Ulm and Ostmark) despite losing the whole bow and sailed back to harbor.
M-175 (lost 10 Jan 1942 sunk by German submarine U-584. Only submarine-on-submarine Soviet loss in Arctic)
7/Aug/41 missed and later hit by unexploded torpedoes launched by German submarine U-81.
M-176 (lost Jul 1942 mine from German barrage “Sperre-V” or “Bantos-A”).
Her loss prevented to receive the (unworthy) scheduled award of the Guards Badge.
Before her loss, made a number of wrong claims over enemy targets allegedly sunk, including a submarine.



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Malyutka series XV
M-200 (lost 21 Nov 1956 post-war in Baltic after accidental ramming from destroyer Statnyy after the war. 28 crewmembers died. Wreck recovered and scuttled)
Interestingly, received the individual name “Mest’” (=”Revenge”) because the fundraising for completing the submarine was initiated by a Navy’s commissar widow.
M-201 19/Jan/44 launched torpedoes against the stranded German merchant Natal (3172 GRT). Already considered a total loss since 7 January.
Other Soviet submarines launched torpedoes against the wreck after M-201 attack.
16/Jun/44 again fired torpedoed against the wreck of German merchant Natal (3172 GRT).
19/Aug/44 sunk German patrol ship V-6112 / Friese with torpedo
Last edited by 1redItalian on 12 Aug 2019, 21:01, edited 52 times in total.
Reason: minor corrections
Soviet cogitations: 288
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 20 May 2013, 20:20
(individual page for subarines of the Pacific Fleet: viewtopic.php?f=149&t=55262&p=925673#p925673 )
Last edited by 1redItalian on 07 Apr 2019, 15:58, edited 7 times in total.
Reason: minor corrections
Soviet cogitations: 288
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 06 Feb 2014, 16:04
Added class profiles from site (c) Navypedia.org
Soviet cogitations: 288
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 20 Feb 2010, 11:57
Resident Admiral
Post 01 Jun 2019, 10:50
VERY LARGE UPDATE/REVISION:

1) Added main intro
2) Added intro for subs in Arctic
3) Reworked table of victories/losses (actual number of S-class submarines greatly reduced!)
4) Inserted notable failed attacks against interesting targets (destroyers).
5) Inserted significant episodes (like submarines surviving critical damages)
6) Inserted all common mistakes of victory claims done by '90s literature.
7) Inserted all revised fate of submarines based upon 2000-2018 (identification of German barrages sinking each submarine)
8 ) Inserted preservation of ships as musem-ships or memorials
9) Added all the attacks made by Soviet submarines against wreck of German merchant Natal (grounded and total loss, but commonly attacked)
10) Submarine L-22 currently has a score of 2 confirmed and 3 unconfirmed victories (commonly assigned victories were indeed drifting mines of uncertain origin).
11) Revised and corrected cases of K-21 attacks on small motorboats (only one successful action on 12 April 1943)
12) New data (2018!) Concerning first victory of V-4 on 18 October 1944. Soviet submarine claimed a "merchant" (none lost), modern Russian authors assigned a victory neverthless because crew directly observed a sinking. New Norwegian data indicate the loss of a fishing motorboat. (name still unidentified).
13) Inserted extra info and data (especially S and M classes) concerning individual names, fund-raising campaigns, transfers from other fleets, service post-war.


EXTRA EDIT (Jun2019):
1) patrol ship V-6517, commonly described as sunk by V-2 on 11/Oct/44 was not attacked and actually survived at war.
2) added an episode for ShCh-403: capture of commander by enemy
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