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Personalities of the Cuban Revolution

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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 21 Dec 2004, 23:53
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Post 09 Dec 2010, 19:55
Personalities of the Cuban Revolution

The history of the Communist Party of Cuba is linked to the work of leading figures of the policy through the of studying the different stages of the social development of the largest island of Indies.

Fundamental role in the formation and organization of our party played what Carlos Baliño, who in two major phases of social struggles for liberation and independence of the country, was alongside figures which led, first restart wars for independence and after frustrated with American intervention, confrontation to the satraps and politicos took power in pseudo Republic.

Baliño, had the privilege of attending these two important moments of the creation of an organization, said Fidel, is unique because it is based on the anti-imperialism, humanism, solidarity and intransigence. It was the link between Martí and Mella.

Among the Cuban Revolutionary Party, Genesis of what in 1892, PRD Cubans with principle to the motherland with everyone and for the good of all and 1925, when was founded the first party Marxist-Leninist Cuba, the Cuban Communist Party, which are our main political organization current databases.

Their names and actions accompanied by more than half a century, the development of the revolution, restarted its historic leader and Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz, fellow defeated one of the bloodiest in Cuba tyrannies and continent on July 26, 1953, and approaches to meet its first fifty years of existence.

Are they own right heads of this group of personalities who join others prominent revolutionary action that led to the creation of the first socialist State in the Western hemisphere.

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Carlos Baliño

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(1848 - 1926)
He was one of the most brilliant precursors of thought Cuban Marxist. Unites two generations and two ideals. Alongside José Martí founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party in 1892. Is the magnificent and unsurpassed example of honest and dignified against all forms of human; slavery wrestler against injustice; It is the example of a lifetime delivered undertaken and honest fight for collective welfare.

The Club of Socialist Propaganda, which is considered the first Cuban Marxist organization founded in November 1903. Edited magazines, directed newspapers, organized strikes, constituted Socialist groups. He collaborated in the construction of the Labour Party and its transformation in the Socialist Workers Party.

When news of the Russian Revolution alumbraron worldwide, Baliño welcomes them and struggle for the transformation of Socialist groups in Communist Cuba, which he founded in 1925 to Julio Antonio Mella groupings.


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Fidel Castro Ruz

First Secretary of the Committee Central of the Communist Party of Cuba.

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Born on 13 August 1926 Birán, ancient province of Oriente, Cuba.

From 1945 was vincul or actively to student political struggles in the University of Havana. In 1947 was part of the expedition to fight tyranny trujillista Dominican Republic. Participated together with the Colombian people in popular April 1948 in Bogotá insurrection. In 1950 earned doctorate in civil law and Licentiate (license) in law foreign titles.

He founded the Cuban party (Orthodox). In 1948, strongly denounced corruption, official neglect and the gangsterism prevailing in the country. After the coup in 1952, organized and trained a group of young people in front of which assaulted on July 26, 1953 barracks of Santiago de Cuba and Bayamo. Suffered imprisonment for 22 months, and shortly after its release as a result of strong popular pressure, founded the movement July 26.

In July 1955 departed exile to organize Mexico popular armed insurrection against dictatorship Puros. December 2, 1956 landed in Cuba in front of the expeditionary detachment arrived aboard yacht "Granma" and started the revolutionary war in the Sierra Maestra. Led the struggle of the rebel forces and the movement July 26 nationwide during the 25 months of war.

At the conclusion of the victorious revolutionary struggle on January 1, 1959, assumes the functions of Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. February 13, 1959 was appointed Prime Minister of the revolutionary Government.

Led and participated in all the actions in defence of the country and the revolution in military aggressions from outside the cases or activities of counter-revolutionary bands within the country, especially the defeat of the invasion organized by the Agency Central of intelligence of the United States carried out by Bay of pigs in April 1961. Led to the Cuban people in dramatic day of crisis of October 1962.

On behalf of the revolutionary power the Socialist character of the Cuban revolution proclaimed on April 16, 1961.

He held the post of Secretary General of the revolutionary integrated organizations and the Secretary General of the party United of the revolution Socialist of Cuba. Since the formation of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba in October 1965, has held positions first Secretary and member of the political Bureau, which has been ratified by the four Party Congress made since then.

Deputy to the National Assembly of the people power in its successive sessions has been elected since its establishment in 1976 and since then has been ratified by the Assembly in the positions of President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers.

He has chaired Cuban official missions to more than fifty countries. The commemorative session of the 50th anniversary of the Organization has chaired Cuban delegations to the Ibero-American summits, several summits of non-aligned, the organic Summit in Rio de Janeiro, the Copenhagen Social Summit, human settlements of Istanbul Summit and several sessions of the Assembly of the United Nations, including.

Between 1979 and 1983, he was President of the movement of non-aligned status.

It has received over a hundred of high Cuban and foreign decorations, as well as dozens of honorary academic distinctions of numerous centres of higher education in Latin America and Europe.

It has promoted global battle of the third world against the existing international economic order, in particular foreign debt and the waste of resources as a result of military expenditures.

It has headed the efforts of the Cuban people to address the effects of the economic blockade imposed on Cuba by the United States from more ago 35 years and the consequences of the collapse of the European Socialist community economically, and has promoted the persistent action of Cubans to overcome serious difficulties resulting from these factors and their resistance during the so-called special period.

In the years of revolution, has promoted and directed the struggle of the Cuban by consolidation of the revolutionary process, their progress towards socialism, unit of the revolutionary forces and all the people, the economic and social society, the development of education, health, sport, culture and science, the defence of the country, confrontation transformations people assault external, the conduct of an active foreign principles, policy actions of solidarity with the movement international revolutionary and deepening of revolutionary, internationalist and Communist people's consciousness.


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José Martí

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(1853-1895)
José Julián Martí Pérez (1853-1895). National hero of Cuba. One of the most prominent leaders against Spanish colonialism and the expansionism of the nascent American imperialism towards Latin American countries. Writer, poet, journalist and speaker. Revolutionary Democratic, defender of the humble masses and fighter for equal rights and closer unity among Cubans black and white. Founder of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, which was proclaimed on 10 April 1892 party that was elected by unanimous vote as a delegate and founded the newspaper Patria.

The foundations of this party were democratically discussed among associations of delegates, and among other elements expressing constituted for meeting all buene will men, the independence of Cuba and foster and auxiliary Puerto Rico effort. Defining the nature of the struggle and route it to a true Cuban transformation in all economic, political and social aspects.

As a delegate of the Martí party is given the task of unifying forces that would lead to war in Cuba that began on February 24, 1895.

March 25 year, in Santo Domingo, he and Máximo Gómez sign the manifesto of Montecristi, which was the program of the war. Shortly after went to Cuba to demonstrate that not only was the man who arengaba, but was able to give life by principles which set out. He died on the battlefield on May 19, 1895. His work and his preaching inspired Cuban revolutionaries of later generations. In 1953, to be arrested and interrogated by the events of July 26, Fidel Castro stated in court that judged, Martí was the intellectual author of the "Moncada". Martí, ideas along with Marxism-Leninism, guided revolutionary socialist Cuba today's policy.


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Julio Antonio Mella

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(1903-1929)
Prominent Cuban revolutionary. Born in Havana, March 25, 1903, he entered the University of Havana where stands out as student, athlete and leader. In 1923 he was President of the first National Congress of students. That same year he founded the people's University "José Martí". In 1924 creates Anticlerical League and in 1925, the Cuban section of the anti-imperialist League de Las Américas.
In 1924 he joined Havana Communist Group and since she inflates very active work among the proletariat. In 1925 was among the early founders of the first Cuban Marxist-Leninist party together with Carlos Baliño.

In 1926 is expelled of the University for his revolutionary actions and rebelliousness, and takes place the famous hunger strike. Subsequently exiled in Mexico. In that country is the Association of new migrants revolutionary Cuba (ANERC). In 1927 after Congress against the colonial oppression in Brussels, Belgium, visit the Soviet Union to attend as a delegate to the IV International Congress of trade unions red. January 10, 1929 is assassinated in Mexico by thugs hired from the tyranny of Gerardo Machado.
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"By what standard of morality can the violence used by a slave to break his chains be considered the same as the violence of a slave master?" - Walter Rodney
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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 21 Dec 2004, 23:53
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Post 09 Dec 2010, 20:00
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Ernesto Che Guevara

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(1928-1967)
Prominent revolutionary, Explorer of the Granma, one of the notable figures of the Cuban revolution and internationalist combatant. It was born in Rosario, Argentina, June 14, 1928. Graduated from doctor in 1953 and travelled in the Americas. In 1954 is Guatemala exercises where his first revolutionary weapon. oppose imperialism against the Guatemalan people plans. To overthrow the Government of Jacobo Arbenz, emigrated to Mexico, where he met Fidel Casro and enlisted in 1956, as a doctor in the Granma expedition.

During the war of national liberation in Cuba that started in the Sierra Maestra in December 1956, was noted for his bravery and courage, so came to get the rank of Commander. In July 1957 was appointed head of the second column that was created, the column no. 4 of the I front. In late August 1958, head of the invasion column no. 8 "Ciro Redondo" South front and Centre in Las Villas, led the battle of Santa Clara takes in 1958, third largest city in the island of Cuba.

After the revolutionary triumph, served different charges, among which stand out the Presidency of the National Bank of Cuba and the holder of the Ministry of industry, represented our country in different international events such as the General Assembly of the UN and the meeting in the East, Uruguay Punta in 1961. Champion of voluntary work and chronicler of the revolution, among his most notable writings are: passages of the revolutionary war, the message to the Tricontinental guerrilla warfare and the socialism and man in Cuba.

In 1965, farewell to Fidel Castro and the Cuban people to go to other lands in the world to fight for the triumph of the humble and against American imperialism. That same year, at the request of the "Patrick Lumumba" movement, provides help the anti-imperialist there founded where he was in front of a detachment with Cuban volunteer movement.

November 1966 to October 1967 led a guerrilla movement at Bolivia which was to be the start of the fight for the American release.

Fell in Bolivia, cowardly, murdered on October 9, 1967. Archetype of revolutionary intellectual, his work on revolutionary action and theory are extremely valuable. Your journal in Bolivia, offers us a rich information about the final months of his heroic existence.


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Lazarus Peña

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(1911- 1974)
Lazarus Peña was born on 29 May 1911 in Havana, orphan father at the age of 10 must find a craft to help his mother with his humble family livelihood so only you can attend two years public school.

From its beginnings as a worker integrates worker protests against low wages and abuse. So that at the end of 1929 joins the ranks of the clandestine Communist Party, to participate actively in the Organization of workers to fight the machadato.

Its shares starts painting anti-imperialist and antimachadistas (feminist) slogans, distributing manifests and proclamations. The revolutionary intensively developed by this lead him to be elected general Secretary of the District Committee of Luyanó. By participating in the second Conference national sugar and runs cañeras regions of the country by organizing workers and establishing close ties with the population. Celebrate in 1934 the second Congress of the Communist Party, was elected Central Committee. Their fight is tireless in the defense of the proletariat by the economic and social demand so much so in 1934 he was promoted to the post of Secretary general of the Union of tobacconists and is appointed member of the Executive Committee of Confederation National Obrera (wokers) of Cuba to 1935 passed to go.

It would your accurate, guide unit, and reconstruction of the trade union movement who shake and would grow the ranks of the proletariat Cuban, these efforts have fruit with the celebration of the Constituent Congress of the CTC in 1939 and in January of this year the 28 day celebrates the first National Congress, that leaves founded the Confederation of workers of Cuba, which Lazarus Peña would become its Secretary general. Another important contribution in the life of this great man was found the Confederation of workers of Latin America, headquartered in Mexico. In 1945 to form is the World Federation of trade unions is among the founders and since then position it as a member of the Executive Committee to be elected Secretary and Vice President.

To succeed the revolution first January 1959, the CTC resurgida (rebound) and thriving again chooses it as its Secretary general; where was always supporting his experience as a leader of the popular masses to the economic and social development of the country in the construction of our socialist revolution. By their merits and trajectory within the trade union movement and the struggle for the final liberation of our people, is incorporated in October 1965 to the ranks of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba. Already suffering from a serious ailment, convened the National Labour Congress IIIX which could not see the implementation of its decisions since he died before May 11, 1974, but his example, ideas and experiences were engraved in the minds of the companions of the National Committee of the CTC, as a guide to conduct the tasks of the masses and the labor movement in the construction of socialism.


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Juan Marinello

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(1898-1977)
Example of revolutionary intellectual born in Jicotea, province of Las Villas, his human work marks a significant milestone in Latin American literature, and commitment to the destiny of their peoples. His extensive work Strolling among essays, articles, newspaper, poems and more than twenty books with varied Cuban and universal culture subjects. His literary creation manifested their marxista-leninistas conceptions and contributes decisively to clarify the literary, revolutionary and anti-imperialist thinking of José Martí.

Its not only act is limited to the intellectual field, because his work is closely linked to the political situation in his time, forming part of the revolutionary Vanguard emerging life published between 1920 and 1930, being an example of intellectual integral that toggles its creator exercise with the Magisterium. To be within the retail group is pronounced by the renewal of Cuban culture, reform of public education, the Latin American unity, economic independence of Cuba and against American imperialism. Also collaborates with various publications of progressive projections that occur between 1920 and 1930, as well as in the founding of the National Confederation of workers and the first Communist Party of Cuba. The Magazine of advance edited in 1927 is an institutions and cultural and political publications which he founded and directs Marinello.

The example of his thoughts, his conduct, his anti-imperialist determined attitude, his defence to socialism, peace and unity of the peoples and their written work, place him among the most eminent personalities of our country and Latin America.


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Francisco Wilfredo Calderío (Blas Roca)

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(1908-1987)
Francisco Wilfredo Calderío (Blas Roca) was born in Manzanillo, current Granma Province, July 24, in a humble family, where one breathes a patriotic and revolutionary atmosphere. With an almost self-taught education, since it could only attend until the fourth grade of primary education, read and made contact with innumerable texts contained social progressive. Blas Roca became one of the most relevant figures of the Communist and workers movement Cuban and Latin American, dedicating his life to the cause of the humble.

In 1929 deals with the general Secretary of the Communist Party and the Labor Federation in Manzanillo; two years later, elected member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and in 1933 is incorporated into the political Bureau of the party, which months later was elected Secretary general.

His modesty, simplicity, originality in his thinking, act according to the needs of the historical moment, dodging the dogmas, revolutionary fervor, won him the respect and admiration of the people. Its theoretical clarity allowed him to see unity among national struggle and class struggle, and adopt a posture of rejection against sectarianism leftist attitudes. All these features make the direction of the Cuban revolution member until his death, April 27, 1987, thus losing people and one of its most loyal and spirited children revolution.
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"By what standard of morality can the violence used by a slave to break his chains be considered the same as the violence of a slave master?" - Walter Rodney
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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 21 Dec 2004, 23:53
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Aracelio Iglesias

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Born on 22 June 1901 in Consolación del Sur province of Pinar del Río. Orphaned father and mother is at the age of 13, moving to Havana. Fixed his residence in rule and begins working as a sharecropper in docks. It is here where begins to be forged as revolutionary to be in contact with the harsh conditions of life and work of the labor sector, up to that in 1931 he joined the Communist Party of Cuba.

By declaring the strike of 1933 against tyranny machadista (male chauvinist) Aracelio was one of its organizers in the port sector, and then, after the fall of the dictator is dedicated to expanding the ranks of the party at the docks by his stature of proletarian leader was taken prisoner, for three years in prison island of pines, which did not prevent his revolutionary work to resume on exit in freedom. His actions during those years emphasized his confrontation with the companies Yankee fleet Balinese and Ward Line apart of channelling the protest by workers against plan quarterly.

In 1938 assumes the position of the stevedores and workers of the port of Havana Union financial. A year later was elected Secretary General. During his leadership was able to implement the rotating list port which gave opportunity to work for all stevedores, declare the rada (inlet), Havana as a single port, during it, reaches the establishment of the subsidy for port unemployment, protecting this shape to the workers of the interior of the country and when you enter in the Harbour, ferries and seatrains, which meant a reduction in the workforce, innovation Aracelio achieved the adoption of a regulation to establish a ratio between the load, the number of workers needed and the wages, to avoid the mass dismissal. Also in this period increase wages, payment of paid leave and 44 hours with payment of 48 week.

La Habana port red Tsar was then catalogued by the American, press as . Therefore, with direct orders from the US, Prío Socarás Government ordered his murder and falls shot by killer bullets, October 17, 1948, at the headquarters of the Union of port workers


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Carlos Rafael Rodriguéz

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He was born in Cienfuegos, Las Villas on May 23, 1913, and died on December 8, 1997. From a very young he fought tyrant Gerardo Machado as leader of the student directory and director of the magazine youth (1931), until in 1933 after the fall of the regime was appointed mayor of Cienfuegos.

(Was founder of the literary group Ariel and Segur magazine in 1934) and in this same year enters the school of law of the University of Havana where he graduated from doctor in civil law and political science, social, and economic for 1939. During his student years was leader of strike University, the University Student Committee, Deputy Director of the summary seminar Committee, Member of the Governing Board of the Magazine University of Havana and co-founder of MIDI magazine. In the ranks of the people's Socialist Party, was one of their more lucid and enlightened leadership

Together with Juan Marinello and Angel Augier, founded editorial pages, winning National Prize "González Lanuza" and the National Journalism Award in 1938. A year later sent to the National Committee of the Communist Revolutionary Union Party and direct dialectic (1942), Journal of Marxist theory. Subsequently to occupy a leading position in the Cuban society of historical international studies and is Treasurer of the Cuban society of newspapers and the IAPA Press.

As a member of the Bureau Supreme Executive of the Popular Socialist Party joined the insurrectional struggle of the Sierra Maestra and after the triumph of the revolution was director of Today's news (1959-1962), Professor of the University of Havana and director of the school of Economics; addition of Minister-President of the National Institute of agrarian reform, INRA, national leader of the revolutionary integrated organizations, ORI, the United Socialist Revolution Party, PURS. On the other hand was a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba, President of the National Commission for economic cooperation and technical scientific and Deputy Minister of the Cuban Revolutionary Government.

Participated in international congresses and business delegations. It is the author of various works such as the reform movement and José Manuel Mestre and philosophy in Havana, as co-author of the Charter to intellectuals and artists. He also made the prologue of the student left wing text and his era of Vladislav González Carvajal.



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Jesus Menéndez Larrondo

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Born on September 14, 1911 in crossroads, former Las Villas province. In 1929 he was elected Secretary General of Central Constancia workers and from this position organized various demonstrations against the dictatorship of Gerardo Machado. In 1932, creates the SONIA. (The national workers Union of the sugar industry) who played an important role in the confrontation with tyranny.

It is linked to the process of radicalization of Confederation Nacional Obrera (workers) of Cuba, CNOC, in 1934 and participates in the IV Congress workers, also known as Trade Union, which gives a vertical structure of address to the Cuban labour movement. In 1936 he was elected Vice-President of the Guild of crossroads escogedores (selector) and in 1939 he founded, along with Lazarus Peña, CTC.

For his work at the forefront of sugar workers, is appointed on November 15, 1939, delegate to the constituent Assembly and the following year he was elected representative to the House, making his work in a constant battle to the bourgeoisie and imperialism

In 1942, created together with other colleagues, sugar, in order to disclose problems working-class industry magazine. During Union work managed the creation of the Caja de Retiro sugar and payment for overtime for workers. Initiated and led the workers pay the differential sugar bowl, battle until it was included in the warranty clause and be paid workers. In their struggle to workers was also the work depending on achieving sanitation of the bateys.

January 22, 1948, while travelling by train, is caused by the murderer Joaquin Casillas Lumpuy who traffic stop him, violating his parliamentary immunity. Jesus refused to be arrested, because it had not committed any violations of the law, is killed by the back.


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Juan Almeida Bosque

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Almeida was born in the capital of the country, February 17, 1927. In the middle of the hardships of a humble and large home with his parents as guide was formed in the highest patriotic values and learned in life itself that the fight fight is the only way poor to conquer their escamoteados (stolen) rights.

As soon as the coup occurred in 1952, joined the fight against tyranny by linking with fellow Fidel. It was a labourer Mason to the assault on the Moncada barracks in 1953, and the second of twelve brothers helped the father to support his large family.

In the fifty years since then, the Almeida Commander was always at the forefront of fighting alongside the head of the revolution, courageous, firm and faithful to the last.

Was unchanged from the assailant Moncada, political prisoner in Isle of pines of exiled revolutionary in Mexico, Granma, Explorer attitude where he was one of the three heads of platoons; the official founding of the rebel army, who received two injured in El Uvero combat days Commander third front guerrilla and the military leader and revolutionary leader with numerous and high responsibilities after the triumph of January 1st, 1959.

He joined the political Bureau of the Central Committee of the party since its founding in 1965, liability which was ratified at all its conferences. Congressman elected to the National Assembly and Vice-Chairman of the Council of State, was since the first term of Parliament.

Its special human and artistic sensitivity made possible the difficult challenge of cross its intense, responsible and fruitful work as a revolutionary leader with a detailed and valuable artistic work, which includes more than 300 songs and a dozen books that constitute an invaluable contribution to the knowledge of our history.

Assumed with particular love and given the task of chairing the Cuban revolution fighters Association. Consecrated their latest energy to ensure that the Organization was a solid and effective bulwark of the nation.

The name of the Commander of the revolution Juan Almeida Bosque will remain forever in the hearts and minds of his compatriots as paradigm of revolutionary firmness, solid convictions, courage, patriotism, and commitment to the people.

By his many relevant merits received multiple awards and national and international orders among the honorary title of hero of the Republic of Cuba and order Máximo Gómez first-degree, granted on 27 February 1998, in his promotion to Commander in the Sierra Maestra 40 anniversary.
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"By what standard of morality can the violence used by a slave to break his chains be considered the same as the violence of a slave master?" - Walter Rodney
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