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Political summary of the DPRK

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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 29 Nov 2004, 20:06
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Post 27 Oct 2008, 11:04
Originally published by the Spanish Foreign affairs Ministry.

GUIDING IDEOLOGY

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is guided in its activities by the Juche idea authored by President Kim Il Sung.

The Juche idea means, in a nutshell, that the masters of the revolution and construction are the masses of the people and that they are also the motive force of the revolution and construction.

The Juche idea is based on the philosophical principle that man is the master of everything and decides every thing. It is the man-centred world outlook and also a political philosophy to materialize the independence of the popular masses, namely, a philosophy which elucidates the theoretical basis of politics that leads the development of society along the right path.

The Government of the DPRK steadfastly maintains Juche in all realms of the revolution and construction.

Establishing Juche means adopting the attitude of a master towards the revolution and construction of one's country. It means maintaining an independent and creative standpoint to give solutions to the problems which arise in the revolution and construction. It implies solving those problems mainly by one's own efforts and in conformity with the actual conditions of one's own country.

The realization of Juche in ideology, independence in politics, selfsufficiency in the economy and selfreliance in national defence is a principle the Government maintains consistently.

It is an invariable policy of the Government of the Republic, guided by the Juche idea, to treasure the Juche character and national character and maintain and realize them. The Government of the Republic always adheres to the principle of Juche, the principle of national independence, and thus is carrying out the socialist cause of Juche.

SONGUN POLITICS

After President Kim Il Sung's death, leader Kim Jong Il adopted Songun politics with a firm determination to complete the Korean revolution by force of arms, a revolution carved out by arms and set out on the road of Songun politics since his inspection tour to an army unit on Tabaksol Hill on the New Year's Day of Juche 84 (1995).

In the period when under his Songun leadership, the whole Party and society were pervaded with ardour to learn from the revolutionary soldier spirit and the political and ideological power of the KPA rose as never before, leader Kim Jong Il clarified that our Party's politics is Songun politics and that the basic strategic line of our Party is the Songun revolutionary line.

Songun politics is a unique political mode of our times which settles all problems arising in the revolution and construction on the principle of attaching priority to military affairs and pushes ahead with the cause of socialism as a whole by putting up the army as the pillar of the revolution.

Leader Kim Jong Il who had already made clear the principle of revolution that the government can be maintained only by arms, and built up the country's power with the military-centred policy adhered to the solid creed that the army means the Party, the state and the people, enhanced the position and authority of the DPRK National Defence Commission and reorganized the political structure of the state into that of Songun politics with the Commission as its pivot to conform with the requirements of the Songun era, thus developing the DPRK into a mighty political power for effecting Songun politics of the Party.

Songun politics which fully embodies the requirements of the Juche idea is, indeed, an all-powerful treasured sword and a banner of victory that defends the sovereignty of the DPRK and the destiny of socialism and creditably guarantees a rosy future for the cause of Juche in the new century.

SOCIO - ECONOMIC SYSTEM

The state property and property of social and cooperative organizations of the means of production are the economic foundation of the Republic. The state property belongs to the entire people. The state increases the role of the property of the entire people in leading the cooperative property so as to combine the two forms of property in an organic way, consolidates and develops the socialist cooperative economic system by improving the guidance and management of the cooperative economy and gradually transforms the property of cooperative organizations into the property of the entire people on the voluntary will of all their members.

Private property is derived from socialist distribution according to work done and from fringe benefits granted by the state and society. The products of individual sideline activities including those from the kitchen gardens, as well as the income from other legal economic activities are also private property. The state protects private property and guarantees the right to inherit it by law.

In Korea where taxes have been abolished, the steadily increasing material wealth of society is geared entirely to promoting the well-being of the working people.

Under the socialist system where the people are the masters of power and the means of production, it is the supreme principle of state activities to steadily improve their material and cultural standards. The Republic provides all working people with every opportunity to obtain food, clothing and housing.

The Republic firmly adheres to the principle of properly combining political guidance with economic and technological guidance, the unified guidance of the state with the creativeness of each unit, the unified direction with democracy, and political and moral incentives with material incentive in the guidance and management of the socialist economy.

The national economy of the DPRK is a planned economy. The state ensures a high rate of growth in production and a balanced development of the national economy by implementing unified and detailed planning.

The Republic directs and manages the economy through the Taean work system, a socialist form of economic management whereby the economy is operated and managed scientifically and rationally on the basis of a collective effort of the producer masses, and through the system of agricultural guidance whereby agricultural management is conducted by industrial methods.

The Republic enforces the self-balancing system in economic management to meet the requirements of the Taean work system and strives to make proper use of economic levers such as cost. price and profit.

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF CITIZENS

The DPRK practically guarantees the people genuine political freedom and rights according to the fundamental requirement of the Juche idea for enhancing man's independence and creativity in every way.

In the DPRK the rights and duties of citizens are based on the collectivist principle, 'One for all and all for one.'

The Socialist Constitution of the DPRK specifies that the state effectively guarantees all the conditions for the democratic rights and liberties as well as the material and cultural well-being of the citizens.

All the citizens who have reached 17 years of age have the right to elect and to be elected, irrespective of sex, race, occupation, length of residence, property status, education, party affiliation, political views and religion. They also have freedom of speech, the press, assembly, demonstration and association, freedom of religious beliefs and they are entitled to submit complaints and petitions.

The workers, peasants and other working people, as masters of power, participate in state administration and freely engage in socio-political activities in political parties and public organizations. The working people have the right to work and rest, the right to education and free medical care and freedom of scientific, literary and artistic pursuits. Women are accorded equal social status and rights with men. The state affords special privilege to mothers and children.

Marriage and the family are protected by the state. The working people are guaranteed inviolability of the person and the home and privacy of correspondence. The rights and freedom of citizens steadily increase with the consolidation and development of the socialist system.

NATIONAL REUNIFICATION

On August 4, Juche 86 (1997) leader Kim Jong Il made public the works "Let Us Carry Out the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il Sung's Instructions for National Reunification".

In this works leader Kim Jong Il defined the three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity, the 10-point programme of the great unity of the whole nation and the plan for founding the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo as the three charters for national reunification.

Three Principles of National Reunification

In May Juche 61 (1972), President Kim Il Sung received in Pyongyang the south Korean delegates to the high-level political talks between north and south Korea.

In his talks with them, he said: "The three principles of realizing independent reunification without outside interference, achieving great national unity by transcending differences in ideas, ideals and systems, and reunifying the divided land by peaceful means without recourse to armed force, are the starting point of and the basis for the solution of our reunification question."

Plan for the Founding of the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo

President Kim Il Sung advanced a plan for founding the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo at the Sixth Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea in October Juche 69 (1980).

He stated that the most realistic and reasonable way to reunify the country independently, peacefully and on the principle of great national unity was to found a confederal republic through the establishment of a unified national government on condition that the north and the south recognize and tolerate each other's ideas and social system, a government in which the two sides are represented on an equal footing and under which they exercise regional autonomy respectively with equal rights and duties.

He recommended that in the unified state of a confederal type a supreme national confederal assembly should be formed with an equal number of representatives from north and south and an appropriate number of representatives of overseas nationals and that this assembly should organize a confederal standing committee to guide the regional governments of the north and south and to administer all affairs of the confederal state.

He added that it would be a good idea to call the confederal state the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo.

The DCRK should be a neutral country which does not participate in any political, military alliance or bloc. As a unified state, embracing the whole of the territory and people of the country, it should pursue a policy which agrees with the fundamental interests and demands of the entire Korean people.

10-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country

On April 6, Juche 82 (1993) President Kim Il Sung published the 10-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country at the Fifth Session of the Ninth Supreme People's Assembly. It is as follows:

1. A unified state, independent, peaceful and neutral, should be founded through the great unity of the whole nation.

2. Unity should be based on patriotism and the spirit of national independence.

3. Unity should be achieved on the principle of promoting co-existence, co-prosperity and common interests and subordinating everything to the cause of national reunification.

4. All political disputes that foment division and confrontation between fellow countrymen should be ended and unity should be achieved.

5. The fear of invasion from both south and north, and the ideas of prevailing over communism and communization should be dispelled, and north and south should believe in each other and unite.

6. The north and south should value democracy and join hands on the road to national reunification, without rejecting each other because of differences in ideals and principles.

7. The north and south should protect the material and spiritual wealth of individuals and organizations and encourage their use for the promotion of great national unity.

8. Understanding, trust and unity should be built up across the nation through contact, exchange visits and dialogue.

9. The whole nation, north, south and overseas, should strengthen its solidarity for the sake of national reunification.

10. Those who have contributed to the great unity of the nation and to the cause of national reunification should be honoured.

* * *

On April 18, Juche 87 (1998) leader Kim Jong Il made public his works "Let Us Reunify the Country Independently and Peacefully through the Great Unity of the Entire Nation".

In this works he advanced five principles for great national unity: maintaining the principle of national independence, uniting under the banner of patriotism, the banner of national reunification, improving the relations between the north and south, fighting against the domination and interference of the foreign forces and the anti-reunification forces, and promoting visits, contacts, dialogues and solidarity among our compatriots. This is a development of President Kim Il Sung's idea on great national unity as suited to the requirements of the developing situation.

OVERSEAS KOREAN NATIONALS

The Korean nationals in Japan and other countries comprise those Koreans who were forcibly taken to Japan as labour draftees, conscripts, etc. or who drifted abroad in search of livelihood in the years of Japanese imperialist colonial rule and their descendants.

An stateless people, they were long subjected to national discrimination, deprivation of rights and destitution in alien lands.

The Government of the DPRK instituted the law of nationality to provide all overseas Korean nationals with the legal status of citizens of the Republic and took a number of measures for their protection.

Today all overseas Korean nationals are striving for the reunification and prosperity of the country with a high sense of national pride and self-respect.

FOREIGN RELATIONS

The ideals underlying the DPRK's foreign relations are independence, peace and friendship.


The Government of the Republic strives to further strengthen friendship and solidarity with the world's people on the basis of the ideas of independence, peace and friendship and to make the international community independent and democratic and thus actively contribute to the common cause of mankind to build a free, peaceful, friendly new world, free from domination and subjugation.


On the principle of independence the Government of the Republic promotes friendship and cooperation with the various countries of the world and makes positive efforts to destroy the old international order of domination and subjugation, establish a new one, based on equality, justice and fairness and develop the South-South cooperation on the principle of collective self-reliance.


At the same time it makes every effort in unity with all the peace-loving peoples of the world to frustrate the aggression, interference and disturbance of imperialists, reduce armaments, nuclear armaments in particular, thereby meeting the desire of human beings to live in a world, free from nuclear weapons, and to safeguard peace and security in Asia and the rest of the world.


Today the Government of the Republic has established diplomatic relations with more than 140 countries. It is promoting economic and cultural exchange and cooperation with most of the countries of the world. It has up to now joined more than 210 international organizations and plays an active part.

Today the ties of friendship between Korea and many other countries of the world have become closer; the Korean people's cause of national reunification and socialist construction is gaining increasing support and encouragement.

Committees supporting Korea's reunification have been organized in many countries of the world and are active. In addition, the International Institute of the Juche Idea and organizations for the study of the Juche idea including regional institutes established in Latin America, Asia, Europe and Africa are expanding their sphere of activity.

The Government of the Republic makes contributions to ensuring the peace and security of the Korean peninsula, Asia and other parts of the world through its invariable independent stand, policies for its peaceful reunification and nuclear development for peaceful purpose.

CAPITAL - PYONGYANG


Pyongyang is the capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Situated in the southwest of the central part of Korea, it is 84 metres above the sea on the average. Blending harmoniously with the surrounding mountains, hills, fields and the clear River Taedong, it has been known as a scenic place from olden times.

Its history began when King Tangun, the founding father of the Korean nation, established Kojoson, the first ancient Korean state, and chose Pyongyang as the capital of the country in the early 30th century BC.

By the foundation of the DPRK by President Kim Il Sung after liberating the country in August Juche 34 (1945), the city's new history began as the capital of a sovereign and independent state.

During the Korean war (1950-1953) the US imperialists dropped more than 428,000 bombs on Pyongyang, a greater number than the population of the city at the time, reducing it to ashes. However, the heroic Korean people healed the war wounds in less than ten years.

As the political, economic and cultural centre of the country, Pyongyang has been built into a modern rising city. The heart of the city is Kim Il Sung Square. On Namsan Hill at the back of the square stands the majestic Grand People's Study House.

The streets in the central part and on the outskirts of the city have been laid out in full consideration of the citizens? labour conditions, residence and conditions for rest.

Since the 1970s new streets have been built one after another, changing the whole looks of the city beyond recognition. Among them are Chollima, Munsu, Changgwang, Kwangbok, Thongil and Chongchun Streets.

The Mangyongdae revolutionary site, Kumsusan Memorial Palace, Korean Revolution Museum, Grand Monument on Mansu Hill, Tower of the Juche Idea, Arch of Triumph, Monument to Party Founding and other revolutionary sites and monuments across the city show the brilliant traditions and history of the Korean people's struggle.

Before liberation, Pyongyang was a consumer city with backward handicrafts, agriculture and commerce. It has turned into a dynamic producer city with modern heavy industry, light industry and agriculture.

The city now has first-rate educational, cultural and public health establishments, sports and cultural facilities and scientific research institutions.

As a city of good environmental protection, Pyongyang is a "park city." The amount of green space per resident is 58 square meters.

In Pyongyang, the cradle of human race and the fountainhead of the "Taedonggang Culture," one of the world's five cultures, the remains and relics of primitive society one million years old and ancient and medieval societies, including the Komunmoru relics in Sangwon County, are carefully preserved.

By leader Kim Jong Il's grand plan of city construction Pyongyang renews its appearance day after day as a typical city blending classical and modern beauties.

THE STATE AND POLITICAL SYSTEM

1. Character, Tasks and Ultimate Goal of the State

The DPRK is an independent socialist state representing the interests of all the Korean people.

The Republic is the Juche-oriented socialist state which embodies the idea and leadership of President Kim Il Sung, the founder of the Republic and the father of socialist Korea. His idea and the achievements made under his leader-ship are the basic guarantee for the Republic's prosperity.

The socialist system of the Republic is a people-centred social system in which the working people are the masters of everything and everything in society serves them. In accordance with the nature of its socialist system, the Government of the Republic defends and protects the interests of workers, peasants and intellectuals and all other working people who have become masters of state and society, free from exploitation and oppression.

It is the fundamental revolutionary task for the Government of the Republic to achieve the complete victory of socialism in the northern half of Korea by strengthening the people's power and vigorously performing the three revolutions-the ideological, technological and cultural-and to reunify the country on the principle of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity.

Under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea the Republic and the Korean people uphold the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung as the eternal President of the Republic and are speeding up the historic march to carry the revolutionary cause started by him through to completion by inheriting and carrying forward his ideas and achievements.

2. State structure

The Supreme People's Assembly is the highest organ of power in the Republic. It exercises legislative power. It is composed of deputies elected on the principle of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. It is elected for a term of five years.

The National Defence Commission is the highest military leadership body of state power and the organ of the overall administration of national defence. The chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK commands and directs all the armed forces and guides national defence as a whole. The National Defence Commission proclaims a state of war and issues the mobilization order in the country.

The Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly is the highest organ of state power when the Supreme People's Assembly is not in session. The President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly represents the state and receives the credentials and letters of recall of diplomatic representatives accredited by foreign states.

The Cabinet is the administrative and executive body of the highest state power and organ of overall stare administration. The Premier of the Cabinet represents the Government of the DPRK. The Cabinet is accountable for its work to the Supreme People's Assembly and to the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly when the Supreme People's Assembly is not in session.

The local organ of state power is the local people's assembly. The term of office of the people's assembly of the province (or municipality directly under central authority), city (of district)and county is four years.

The local people's committee is the local organ of state power when the people's assembly at the corresponding level is not in session and the administrative and executive organ of state power at the corresponding level. It is accountable to the corresponding people's assembly and is subordinate to the people's cmmittees at higher levels and the Cabinet.


THE LEADERS
Image

President Kim Il Sung


Image

Leader Kim Jong Il

POLITICAL PARTIES AND ORGANISATIONS

The Workers' Party of Korea

The WPK is a revolutionary party of a Juche type which was founded by President Kim Il Sung on October 10, Juche 34(1945) and is now led by leader Kim Jong Il.

The Party inherits the revolutionary traditions established in the period of the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle and is guided solely by the Juche idea in its activities.

Its immediate objective is to attain the complete victory of socialism in the northern half of Korea and carry out the tasks of national liberation, people's democratic revolution throughout the country; its ultimate goal is to model the whole society on the Juche idea.

The WPK is the political General Staff which organizes and leads the revolutionary struggle and construction work in Korea in a coordinated way and assumes full responsibility for the destiny of the entire Korean people.

The Korean Social Democratic Party

The Korean Social Democratic Party was formed on November 3, Juche 34 (1945) by medium and small entrepreneurs, merchants, handicraftsmen, petite bourgeoisie, some peasants, and Christians, out of the masses' anti-imperialist, anti-feudal aspirations and demands to eliminate the aftermath of Japanese imperialist colonial rule and build a new democratic society.

Its guiding idea is national social democracy befitting Korea's historical conditions and national characteristics and its basic political motto is independence, sovereignty, democracy, peace and the defence of human rights.

The Chondoist Chongu Party

The Chondoist Chongu Party is a democratic party formed by Chondoist peasants on February 8, Juche 35(1946).

It was formed with the objectives to oppose imperialist aggression and subjugation, join in the work to secure national independence and build a rich and strong democratic country with the partiotic idea of "defending the country and providing welfare for the people" and the independent spirit of "driving out westerners and the Japanese".

Today this party sets it as its important task to establish harmony among all members of society, strengthen solidarity among them, and build a popular welfare society with a highly-developed independent national economy and Juche-based national culture.

The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland

The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland was formed on July 22,Juche 35(1946).

It regards it as its main duty to rally.on the basis of worker-peasant alliance, all the patriotic democratic forces desirous of the freedom and independence of the country around leader Kim Jong Il, irrespective of occupation, sex, religion, and party affiliation, actively uphold and give publicity to his revolutionary line as well as his policy for the independent, peaceful reunification of the country, and organize and mobilize the broad sections of the masses for the nationwide struggle to carry them out.

The Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League

The Democratic Youth League of Korea, the predecessor of the Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League, was founded as a mass youth organization on January 17, Juche 35(1946), after liberation, later it was developed into the League of Socialist Working Youth of Korea to meet the requirements of the developing revolution.

On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of its foundation in January Juche 85(1996), it was renamed the Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League and entered a new phase of its development.

It is guided solely by the revolutionary idea of great comrade Kim Il Sung.

Its general objective is to equip the young masses with the Juche idea and train them into the reliable successors to the revolutionary cause of Juche.

The league is a militant organization of the youths who are to carry forward the Korean revolution and is the reliable reserve and supporter of the Workers' Party of Korea.

The General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea

The General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea is a mass political organization of the working masses founded on November 30, Juche 34(1945).

It conducts ideological education to ensure its members fully understand the Juche idea and gets them to take part in socialist construction and the management of the socialist economy with the attitude befitting masters.

It has its organizations in different branches of industry.

The Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea

The Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea is a mass political organization of agricultural working people founded on January 31, Juche 35(1946).

It carries on ideological education to equip the agricultural working people with the Juche idea and gets them to carry out the ideological, technological and cultural revolutions successfully in the countryside along the path indicated by the Theses on the Socialist Rural Question in Our Country.

The Korean Democratic Women's Union

The Korean Democratic Women's Union is a mass political organization of working Women established on November 18, Juche 34(1945)

It conducts ideological education to arm women with the Juche idea, transform them into revolutionaries and assimilate them into the working class and thus enhance their role in revolution and construction.

This was published by the Spanish Foreign Affairs Ministry.

PRESS-NEWSPAPERS

Choldo Sinmun. Founded in 1947
Joson Inmingun (Newspaper of the Army). Founded in 1948.
Kyowon Sinmun. Weekly, founded in 1948, published by the Education Central Comitee.
Minju Choson. Founded in 1946, Govermental Newspaper, 6 numers a week.
Nongup Keunroja. Publication of the Cetral Comitee of the agricultural workers of Korea.
Pyongyang Sinmun. Founded in 1957, six numbers a week
Rodong Sinmun. Foundeed in 1946. Newspaper. Workers Comitee Newspaper
Rodongja Sinmun. Founded in 1947 Sindicalist Newspaper
Saenal. Founded in 1947. 2 numbers a week, Youth Socialist League
Soyon Sinmun. Founded in 1946. 2 numbers a week
Tongil Sinbo.Weekly, Founded in 1946.

MAGAZINES

Chollima. Monthly
Choson. Semimonthly
Chosonminjujuuiinmingoghwaguk Palmyonggongbo. 6 numbers a year
Choson Munhak. Monthly
Choson Yesul. Monthly
Hwahakgwa Hwahakgoneop. 6 numbers a year
Jokook Tongil. Founded in 1961. Central Commitee of the Reunification of Korea.
Kunroja. Founded in 1946.Party of the Korean Workers Magazine, Monthly
Kwahakwon Tongbo. Science Academy Magazine. 6 numbers a year
Munhwao Haksup. Social Science Academy Publication. Quarterly
Punsok Hwahak. Central Comitee of the Science Academy.Quarterly
Ryoksagwahak. Quarterly
Saengmulhak. Quarterly
Sahoekwahak. 6 numbers a year
Suhakkwa Mulli. Central Comitee of Math and Science Magazine. Quarterly

PUBLICATIONS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES

1.The Democratic People Republic of Korea. Founded in 1956. Monthly
in Korean, Spanish, Arabian, Chinese, French, English and Russian.
2.Foreign Trade of the DPRK. Publication of the Ministry of Foreign Trade in English, Spanish, Japanese, Chinese and French.Monthly

3.Korea. Founded in 1956. Monthly in Arabian, Korean, Chinese, Russian, Spanish, English and French.
4.Korea Today. Publicated each Month in: English, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish.
5.Korean Women. English and French. Quarterly
6.Korean youth and Students. English and French. Monthly.
7.The Pyongyang Times. English, French and Spanish. Weekly.

NEWS AGENCIES

1.Korean Central News Agency (KCNA). Foruned in 1946.

FOREIGN NEWS AGENCIES

1.Informatsionnoye Telegrafnoye Agentstvo Rossii-Telegrafnoye Agentstvo Suverennykh-Russian Federation
2.Stran (ITAR-TASS). Russian Federation.
3.Xinhua (New China) News Agency. Popular Rep. Of China.

RADIO AND TELEVISION

1.DPRK Radio and Television Broadcasting Committee.
2.Kaesong Television
3.Korean Central Television Station
4.Mansudae Television Station

Mimimum weekly wage: 767 WON
767 won= 348.636 US Dollar

348.636 US Dollar
4 weeks=1394,544 USD per Month

POLITICAL PARTIES

DEMOCRATIC FRONT FOR THE REUNIFICATION OF THE MOTHERLAND:Founded in 1946, is a political organitzation that unites 3 political parties and some worker's organitzations that want the reunification between North Korea and South Korea, its components are:
-Party of the Korean Workers, Founded in 1946 and that controlls all the state's areas, its ideals are based in the Juche Ideal, a philosophy of Political self-sufficiency and Economical by which the Human is the only owner and referee of everything.
.-Chondoist Chongu
-Social Democrat Party
-Federation of Unions
-League of the Youth Socialists
-Democratic Union of Women
-Union of Agricultural Workers

There is an opposition party in the exile with Seals in: Tokio, en Moscow and en Pekin: Front for the Democratic Unification of Chosun, Founded at the start of the 90's.

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
Name: Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Choson Minchu-
chui Inmin Konghwa-Guk)
Surface: 120.540 km�
Political Borders: Korean Republic (South Korea), China, Russia
Population (2002): 22,4 milions
Capital: Pyongyang (2.741.260 hab. 1993)
Other Cities: Hamhung (701.000 hab.); Chongjin (520.000 hab.);
Nampo (370.000 hab.); Sinuiju (289.000 hab.); Wonsan
(274.000 hab.) (official data of 1987).
Composition of the Population:
Coreanos 99%, other 1%
Languages: Korean (oficial), chinese
Religion: Animistic Cults 16%, buddhists 2%, No believers 68%, others
14%.
Flag: The national Flag with a proportions of 65 for 33, is red, with blue stripes in the top and bottom, each one of the stripes is separated from the central red color by a tiny White Line.
In the Left-centre there is a star with a five ends.
Currency: Won norcoreano = 100 chon
pen?_nsula de Corea.
1 N.Korean WON= 2,02€, 2,20 US$

Source: http://www.mae.es/documento/0/000/000/6 ... lNorte.pdf
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