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Planning in the U.S.S.R. (c. 1961 Soviet work, PDF)

Soviet cogitations: 672
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 01 Mar 2011, 14:10
Ideology: Marxism-Leninism
Post 09 Nov 2018, 11:01

Scanned by me. Sent my way by heiss93.
User avatar
Soviet cogitations: 758
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 28 Jan 2008, 19:10
Ideology: Marxism-Leninism
Post 09 Nov 2018, 15:37
I've always been interested in learning more about how the USSR planned economy worked at the basic micro unit of the local enterprise. And I find that most of these intro to planning books take a very grand macro perspective. So I liked that this book did give a detailed examination of the enterprises. Most of the other books on planning and economics take place in the Brezhnev era. So this book is earlier than the rest in the peak of the Khrushchev era, when the transition to full Communism was proclaimed. And the major economic reform of the Khrushchev era, the devolution of planning from all-union centralization down to Republican responsibility was a contemporary event when the book was published and takes up a lot if its interest.

The main task of a state enterprise is to fulfil the plan
for all targets, to meet the assignments as regards the
volume of work, to fulfil all obligations under contracts,
to put out goods of high quality and constantly improve
that quality, to raise the quality of construction work, to
build by the specified dates industrial premises, houses,
cultural and other service establishments.

The principal tasks of socialist enterprises are to in¬
crease labour productivity, to tighten up cost accounting, to
ensure the maintenance and proper use of the fixed assets
and circulating funds, to cut production and construction
costs, and to raise profitability.

Planning departments assist in the management of enter¬
prises, in the planning of their activities. Individual shops
have planning bureaus or groups. The planning depart¬
ments enlist the entire personnel in drawing up the tech¬
nical production and financial plans of an enterprise, or
tekhpromfinplan as it is called for short.

The tekhpromfinplan is the basic summary plan drawn
up by the enterprise itself for a wide range of targets. It
is based on the control figures, technical norms and the
production experience of the enterprise.

The tekhpromfinplan consists of seven main sections:

1. The production programme fixes the nomenclature
of articles, the quantity of output, the production schedule
by days, months, quarters, gross and saleable output,
forms of production co-ordination and ties with other en¬
terprises, the use of productive capacity and other indices
of technical and economic performance.

2. The technical plan outlines the organisational meas¬
ures for the introduction of new machinery, the moderni¬
sation of equipment, the design and manufacture of new
machines, improvement of the technology of production
and also measures for improving the assortment and the
quality of output.


3. The plan for labour and wages includes the targets
as regards the number of workers, improvement of their
skill, growth of labour productivity and the wage fund.

4. The plan for production costs sets the assignments
as regards the reduction of production costs.

5. The material supply plan indicates the requirements
in raw and other materials, fuel, electric power and new
equipment and the sources for meeting these require¬

6. The capital construction plan determines the volume
of construction work to be done at the enterprise, the
dates for commissioning new capacity and separate units,
the requirements in labour and building materials and the
targets for the reduction of construction costs.

7. The financial plan reflects, in money terms, all the
previous sections of the tekhpromfinplan, i.e., it determines
the outlays for buying everything needed for production
and construction, for the payment of wages, the carrying
out of organisational and technical measures and for the
repair and maintenance of the fixed assets. The same sec¬
tion specifies the income from the sale of goods and the
financial relations of the enterprise with budgetary agen¬
cies (taxes, other payments, credits, etc.).

Planning departments co-ordinate the targets in all the
sections of the tekhpromfinplan, draw up production sched¬
ules, make estimates of production, calculations, set the
norms of expenditure and stocks of raw and other mate¬
rials, determine the wage fund, the requirements in labour,

Together with the bookkeeping office, the planning de¬
partment effects cost accounting and collects statistics,
analyses the activities of the shops and the enterprise as
a whole, and also prepares summary annual reports.

Planning departments help managements to create all
the conditions for the fulfilment of plans; they work out
the assignments for the shops, teams and individual work¬
ers and organise control of their fulfilment; they elaborate


measures to ensure the fulfilment of all the targets in the

The new planning procedure promotes the maximum uti¬
lisation of all production potentialities with the aid of the
working people themselves. The initiative of the workers,
foremen and technicians, of the millions of Soviet people
who take an active part in drafting the plans, enriches
planning as such.

At enterprises plans are drawn up with the participation
of the workers, of the trade unions and Party organisa¬
tions who best of all know the potentialities for expanding
production at the given factory or mine.

For this reason it is possible in drafting plans to provide
for the all-round mobilisation of production reserves, to
take into account the proposals of the workers and engi¬
neers for improving the technology of production and for
saving materials and money. The requirements of an en¬
terprise in circulating funds, capital investments and la¬
bour are thus most fully grounded.

https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary ... Enterprise
Kamran Heiss
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