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T-80 Main Battle Tank

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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 04 Jan 2003, 15:32
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Post 28 Apr 2004, 18:32
T-80 Main Battle Tank

Specifications (T-80B)

Crew: 3
Weight: 42,500 kg (combat)
Ground pressure: 0.86kg/cm2
Length: 7.4 m (hull)
9.9 m (gun forwards)
Width: 3.4 m
Height to comanders cupola: 2.202 m
Ground clearance: 0.38 m
Maximum speed: 70 km/h (road)
Engine: Gas turbine developing 1000 hp
Power to weight ratio: 25.90 hp/tonne
Maximum range: 450 km (road)
Fuel capacy: 1100 litres
Verticle obstacle climb: 1 m
Gradient: 60% (side slope 40%)
Trench: 2.85 m
Fording: 1.8 m (5.0 m with preparations)
Main armament: 1 × 125 mm cannon/missle launcher
Secondary armament: 1 × 7.62mm MG (coaxial)
1 × 12.7mm MG (anti-aircraft)
smoke gernade dischargers (depending on model)
Ammunition carried: 36 × 125mm
1,250 × 7.62mm MG (coaxial)
500 × 12.7mm (anti-aircraft)
5 × AT-8 Songster ATGW
Armour type: Steel/composite/reactive
NBC system: Yes
Night vision equipment: Yes (commander, driver, and gunner)

Specifications (T-80U)

Crew: 3
Weight: 46,000 kg
Length: 9.656 m
Width: 3.589 m
Height: 2.202 m
Forward speed: 70 kph
Reverse speed: 15 kph
Engine: GTD-1250 gas turbine
919 kW (1250 hp)
Power-to-weight ratio: 20 kW/tonne (27.2 h.p./tonne)
Power generator gas turbine, kW: 18 (GTA-18A)
Range (internal fuel): 440 km
Vertical obstacle climb: 1.8 m
Trench crossing: 3.0 m
Fording Depth: 1.8 m
Main armament: 125 mm cannon
+ 6 ATGMs
Secondary armament: 7.62mm coaxial machinegun
12.7 mm commander's machinegun (on roof for AA defence)

Weapon specifications (T-80U armament)

Maximum range / Maximun effective range / Ammunition carried
125 mm smoothbore cannon: 4,500 m / 2,400 m / HE, HEAT, HVAPFSDS
Total of 45 rounds
(28 of which are in automatic loader)
AT-8 Songster ATGM: 4,000 m / 4,000 m / 6
Commander's Machinegun 12.7mm (MG NSVT): 8,000 m / 2,000 m / 300 rounds
Coaxial Machinegun 7.62mm (PKT): 4,000 m / 800 m / 2,000 rounds

Images

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_u_001.jpg]
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[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_u_002.jpg]
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Photographs like this make it is easy to forget that the T-80 weighs in at 46 tonnes.

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_uk_001.jpg]
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(640 × 480)[/url]
The T-80UK is the command tank version of the T-80U.

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_u-m1_001.jpg]
Image

(640 × 480)[/url]
The T-80U-M1.

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_001.jpg]
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A dramatic shot of a T-80 charging through the dirt (end of the gun barrel covered to keep dust out the gun).

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_002.jpg]
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A T-80 tank in the snow.

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_003.jpg]
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A T-80 tank on the firing range.

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_004.jpg]
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A T-80 tank with extra explosive reactive armour added to the hull. Note that it has also been added to the roof; today the greatest threat to the tank is the combat helicopter.

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_b_line_001.gif]
Image

(798 × 387)[/url]
From the line image the uneven spacing between the wheels is more clearly visible.

[url=http://www.soviet-empire.com/arsenal/army/tanks/t80/t80_u_line_001.gif]
Image

(798 × 387)[/url]
This line image demonstrates the well sloped front of the T-80U turret.

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