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Marina Raskova and the Soviet Women Pilots of World War II

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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 30 Mar 2010, 01:20
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Post 04 Feb 2011, 08:32
Quote:
On June 22, 1941, Hitler's Wehrmacht invaded the Soviet Union, and Operation Barbarossa was under way.

By November, the German army was just 19 miles from Moscow. Leningrad was under siege, three million Russians had been taken prisoner, a large part of the Red Army was wiped out and the air force was grounded. The situation looked hopeless.

In the summer of 1941, Marina Raskova, a record-breaking aviatrix, organized the 588th night bomber squadron - composed entirely of women, from the mechanics to the navigators, pilot and officers.

Most of them were around 20 years old. The 588th began training in Engels, a small town north of Stalingrad. In a few months, the women were taught what it takes most people four years to learn.

One June 8, 1942, three planes took off on the first mission. The target: the headquarters of a German division. The raid was successful, but one aircraft was lost. The 588th fought non-stop for months, flying 15 to 18 missions a night. "It was a miracle we didn't lose more aircraft", recalls Nadia Popova. "Our planes were the slowest in the air force. They often came back riddled with bullets, but they kept flying."

On August 2, 1942, her plane crashed in the Caucasus. She and her navigator were found alive a few days later. The winter of 1942 was brutal, with the temperature plummeting to -54o F during the battle of Stalingrad. Parts of the aircraft were so cold that they ripped the skin off of anyone who touched them. By January 1943, the women of the 588th were worn out. Sleepless nights, constant stress, the loss of friends and sexual harassment from male colleagues took their toll. Women in the 588th flew up to 500 night raids!

I came across this article and just thought it might have some interest to the Military History buffs here (The article continues with more information for those interested):
http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/soviet_women_pilots.html
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Marina Raskova
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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 04 Aug 2008, 02:11
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Post 30 Jun 2011, 22:48
That's very interesting. This website also talks about other Soviet women pilots http://mysite.pratt.edu/~rsilva/sovwomen.htm
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