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Minimanual of the Urban Guerrilla

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Soviet cogitations: 10771
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 21 Dec 2004, 23:53
Ideology: Marxism-Leninism
Philosophized
Post 19 Feb 2010, 02:27
Minimanual of the Urban Guerrilla by Carlos Marighella. Interesting book from Brazil during the military dictatorship in the 1960s. One interesting point that Marighella makes is the need for the rural guerrilla war. In Che's Guerrilla Warfare: a Method mentions the need for the urban struggle, yet points out that it won't succeed. Marighella seems to agree and just expands on Che's point. It should also be noted that this book was dedicated to Che, after his death in Bolivia.

Thoughts on the book?
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"By what standard of morality can the violence used by a slave to break his chains be considered the same as the violence of a slave master?" - Walter Rodney
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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 08 Nov 2007, 06:31
Embalmed
Post 19 Feb 2010, 03:12
I haven't read the book, but I have a slightly related comment. Has there been any third world country during the cold war that wasn't at one run by a military dictatorship?
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Soviet cogitations: 10771
Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 21 Dec 2004, 23:53
Ideology: Marxism-Leninism
Philosophized
Post 19 Feb 2010, 19:03
Costa Rica and Venezeula come to mind.

Relating that question back to the book Marighella is writing about rebeling against a military dictatorship and not a democratic one.
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"By what standard of morality can the violence used by a slave to break his chains be considered the same as the violence of a slave master?" - Walter Rodney
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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 26 Jun 2006, 15:59
Ideology: Other Leftist
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Post 19 Feb 2010, 19:51
I remember finding the book very disapointing.
The moment one accepts the notion of 'totalitarianism', one is firmly locked within the liberal-democratic horizon. - Slavoj Žižek
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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 21 Dec 2004, 23:53
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Post 22 Feb 2010, 22:17
How so?
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"By what standard of morality can the violence used by a slave to break his chains be considered the same as the violence of a slave master?" - Walter Rodney
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Defected to the U.S.S.R.: 16 Feb 2005, 02:51
Party Bureaucrat
Post 25 Feb 2010, 14:23
It's pretty much an extension of Guevara's focoism, which has not been too successful.

Personally, the theory to me is like:
1. A small vangard fighting a guerilla war.
2. ?
3. Popular uprising.

Note that during the Chinese revolution, the communists actually promised peasants the tangible benefits of land redistribution, which they delivered, and the increase in productivity as its result coupled with good management led to economic prosperity in the liberated zones, contrasted sharply with the economic crisis in the Nationalist controld regions, which in turn, translated to support for the communists from not only the peasants and the urban proletariat, but also intellectuals, expatriates, and the national bourgeoise.

So basically, for a revolution to be successful, you have to promise a better economic alternative to the existing regime, and deliver on that promise as soon as possible. And this means, the revolutionary movement not only have to contain hotheaded fighters, but also coolheaded planners, administrators, and technical professionals, and preferably some visionary with dominating personality to bind the two together. But the power of that visionary will have to be curtailed right after the revolution to prevent the rise of cult of personality and autocratic rule.
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