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The history of Philosophy in East Germany DDR

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Post 09 Jun 2019, 18:57
I've been researching the history of Marxist philosophy in DDR. Germany has a rich philosophical tradition being the home of Kant, Hegel, Marx, and during the 2nd International the main center of Marxist theory, and still being an important influence 2nd to Russia during the Comintern period. So I was interested in learning more about the history of philosophy in DDR. It seems like a lot of the early debates revolved around Ernst Bloch, who was the most famous philosopher in DDR. He had been in exile in the USA during WW2 and then returned to Germany. His philosophy was rather non-orthodox influenced by traditions of Christian mysticism and utopian socialism in the Philosophy of Hope. And he was eventually condemned and went back to West Germany. The other main 1950s debate was about the role of Hegel in the 1950s, after Stalin had condemned Hegel as an aristocratic reaction to the French Revolution. There were a lot of debates around Lukacs and the publication of "The Young Hegel" ... e+ddr&aqs=

The main DDR philosopher who is still alive today is Peter Rubens, and he was once the deputy head of the Central Institute of PhilosophyThe Academy of Sciences of the GDR , where he eventually became deputy head of the section "Dialectical Materialism". He was condemend for his deviations in the 70s but later rejoined the PDS. His website today has a lot of material on DDR philosophy history. ... rev=search ... rev=search ... rev=search
Last edited by heiss93 on 09 Jun 2019, 19:07, edited 1 time in total.
Post 09 Jun 2019, 18:59
Here is a sample of Wolfgang Harich's lectures on the history of philosophy 1951-1954

Harich's three-year lecture had the following structure:

Year of study 1951/52: Philosophy of antiquity: 1st semester: From the Ionian na- turphilosophy to sophistry; in the 2nd semester, the emphasis was on Plato and Aristotle (Democritus 4, Plato 10, Aristotle 18 hours), on their relationship to the predecessors, their difference and their immense importance for the rest History of Philosophy.

Year of study 1952/53: Philosophy of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the Harich hardly out of disregard of this period, but because of its too little wisdom sens about them very cursory and treated only in terms of their basic tendencies Has. 15 Bacon followed with 6 in detail, Descartes with 12, Hobbes with 10 and Spinoza with 6 hours. (And these thinkers each had seminars with seminar lectures of the students). 16 The 2nd semester was with Locke in the center of the English Dedicated to enlightenment.

Academic year 1953/54 : Two lectures took place side by side: one on the French Enlightenment (with 2 hours a week), the Harich specifically for us philosophy student, which lasted until February 54, and a lecture on the classical German philosophy (with 4 hours a week), the Harich im Audimax for the whole Faculty of Arts. She ran until the semester, until May 54. Of these he used 20 for the treatment of Kant and for the Hegel 32 hours. Feuerbach and the Young Hegelians negotiated Harich in just 6 hours, which m. E. his Explanation that he spent too much time with his beloved Hegel. tend to end of semester was simply in need of time. That as Harich's disrespect the philosophical achievement of Feuerbach and the materialists in general animals - a charge that Harich was constantly confronted with - is m. E. missed. Both Harich's own, in Feuerbach's tradition, essentially anthropo- gisch and religious criticism substantiated materialism as well as his 1954 published Article "On Ludwig Feuerbach" 17 leave this accusation as meaningless. NEN. Nonetheless, the temporal proportions listed here already reveal that Harich gave far more attention to the idealists than was a common Marxist-Leninist understanding of philosophy.
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