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List of Soviet Inventions

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Post 16 Nov 2014, 04:26
Recently I made a list of Soviet Inventions for some research I was doing. I thought I would share my list.

LED lights, Interlaced video (used in modern tv's), drawn sound (Soviet scientists discovered how to add sound to strips of film), Polikarpov Po-2 (the most produced and effective bi-plane in history), Rabbage (hybrid of cabbage and radish and the first instance of a new species obtained through polyploid speciation during experimental crossbreeding - influential on biotechnology), Cadaveric blood transfusion (transfusion of blood from a dead body to a living person),Pobedit (specialized alloy that is close in hardness to diamond - used in metal cutting), Teletank (the first remote controlled military vehicle), Spring-loaded camming device (used in rock climbing), V-Thread (gearless ice climbing anchor). Electric rocket motor (used for launching spacecrafts), Blood banks, Paratrooping, Pressure suit (used by astronauts), Hypergolic propellant (used in rocket fuel), Rhythmicon (precursor to the modern keyboard and electronic music), Flame tank (tank with a flamethrower), Underwater welding, passenger airplanes with entertainment, Cherenkov Radiation and Detector Cherenkov Radiation, Kirza (artificial leather based on the multi-layer textile fabric), Airborne firefighting (technique for putting out fires using airplanes), Superfluidity (state of matter in which the matter behaves like a fluid with zero viscosity), Drifting ice station (used for exploring the North Pole), Welded sculpture (is an art form in which sculpture is made using welding techniques), Deep column station (type of subway station, consisting of a central hall with two side halls, connected by ring-like passages between a row of columns), Sambo (martial art), Kirlian photography (is a collection of photographic techniques used to capture the phenomenon of electrical coronal discharges), self-propelled multiple rocket launcher, T-34 tank (best tank in WWII), Rhythmic gymnastics, Maksutov telescope (very commonly used amateur telescope), Degaussing (process of decreasing or eliminating a remnant magnetic field), Gramicidin S (antibiotic), EPR spectroscopy (technique for studying materials with unpaired electrons), T54/55 tank (worlds most produced tank), Passive resonant cavity bug (first covert listening devices to use passive techniques to transmit an audio signal), Multistage rocket (used in modern rocket launches), MiG-15 (world's most produced jet), AK-47 (world's most produced assult riffle), Light beam microphone (technique of using a light beam to remotely record sound), Staged combustion cycle (widely used in rocket engines), Head transplant (moving one organism's head onto another organism but not the brain, successfully preformed on dogs), Magnetotellurics (electromagnetic geophysical method of imaging the earth's subsurface by measuring natural variations of electrical and magnetic fields at the Earth's surface), Berkovich tip (used for testing the indentation hardness of a material), BZ reaction (a class of chemical reactions taking place in the vibrational mode, in which some reaction parameters change periodically, forming a complex spatial and temporal structure of the reaction medium), Explosively pumped flux compression generator (device used to generate a high-power electromagnetic pulse by compressing magnetic flux using high explosive), Maser (device that produces coherent electromagnetic waves through amplification by stimulated emission), Carbon nanotube, nthropometric cosmetology (science of correction and/or modification of deformities in the upper and lower extremities of the body), Nuclear power plant, MiG-21 (most produced supersonic aircraft), Ballistic missile submarine, Fast-neutron reactor (nuclear reactor in which the fission chain reaction is sustained by fast neutrons), Tokamak (device using a magnetic field to confine a plasma in the shape of a torus), ANS synthesizer (photoelectronic musical instrument), Synchrophasotron (synchrotron-based particle accelerator for protons), Spaceport (is a site for launching spacecraft), Intercontinental ballistic missile, Orbital space rocket, satellite, Space capsule, Raketa hydrofoil (first type of hydrofoil boats), Ternary computer (computer that uses ternary logic instead of the more common binary logic), Nuclear-powered icebreaker, Space probe, Missile boat, Rocket boots (boots that make it possible for a person to travel faster and further than they could by walking or running), Reentry capsule (portion of a spacecraft which returns to Earth following a space flight), Human spaceflight, Rocket-propelled grenade. Anti-ballistic missile. Space food, Space suit, Tsar Bomb (most powerful weapon ever tested), Platform screen doors (used on metro trains), ekranoplan (planes that fly at the ground floor near water), Detonation nanodiamond (diamond that originates from a detonation), AVL tree (a self-balancing binary search tree), Holography (technique which enables three-dimensional images (holograms) to be made), Druzhba pipeline (world's longest pipeline), Plasma propulsion engine (type of electric propulsion that generates thrust from a quasi-neutral plasma), Kardashev scale (method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to utilize), Extra-vehicular activity (going outside spacecraft), Molniya orbit (type of highly elliptical orbit with an inclination of 63.4 degrees, an argument of perigee of −90 degrees and an orbital period of one half of a sidereal day), Voitenko compressor (shaped charge adapted from its original purpose of piercing thick steel armour to the task of accelerating shock waves), Proton rocket (most used heavy lift launch system), Air-augmented rocket (use the supersonic exhaust of some kind of rocket engine to further compress air collected by ram effect), Lander (spacecraft which descends toward and comes to rest on the surface of an astronomical body), Orbiter (spacecraft that orbits a planet or other celestial body), Soyuz rocket (the most frequently used and most reliable launch vehicle in the world), Orbital module (portion of spacecraft used only in orbit), space toilet, Space rendezvous (orbital maneuver during which two spacecraft, one of which is often a space station, arrive at the same orbit and approach to a very close distance), Venera probes (developed to gather data from Venus), Supersonic transport (used to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound), Intercontinental submarine-launched ballistic missile, Semiconductor Heterostructures (interface that occurs between two layers or regions of dissimilar crystalline semiconductors), Radial keratotomy (refractive surgical procedure to correct nearsightedness), Sample return mission (mission with the goal of collecting and returning with tangible samples from an extraterrestrial location to Earth for analysis), Rover, Space station, Hall effect thruster (type of ion thruster in which the propellant is accelerated by an electric field), Desalination (several processes that remove some amount of salt and other minerals from saline water), Electron cooling (a way to increase luminosity of hadron colliders), underwater assault rifle, Reflectron (used to diminish a spread of flight times of the ions), Androgynous Peripheral Attach System (spacecraft docking mechanisms), Close-in weapon system (a point-defense weapon for detecting and destroying short-range incoming missiles and enemy aircraft), Mobile ICBM, Vertical launching system (advanced system for holding and firing missiles on mobile naval platforms), Automated cargo spacecraft (robotic spacecraft that are designed to support space station operation by transporting food, propellant and other supplies), Active protection system (system designed to prevent anti-armor line-of-sight weapons from acquiring and/or destroying a target), Kalina cycle (for converting thermal energy into usable mechanical power), EHF therapy (biophysical theory studying mechanisms of action on the living organism of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) of millimeter range (1–10 mm) high frequency (30–300 GHz) of low intensity, and medical practice using effects of the above mentioned action at treatment of different ailments), Quantum dot (nanocrystal made of semiconductor materials that are small enough to exhibit quantum mechanical properties), helicopter Ejection seat, Tetris, Modular space station, MIR submersible (first to reach the seabed under the North Pole), RD-170 rocket engine (world's most powerful liquid-fuel rocket engine), Supermaneuverability (quality of aircraft defined as a threshold of attitude control exceeding that which is possible by pure aerodynamic manoeuvrability), BARS apparatus (a high-pressure high-temperature apparatus usually used for growing or processing minerals), Scramjet (variant of a ramjet airbreathing jet engine in which combustion takes place in supersonic airflow), and others.
Post 16 Nov 2014, 08:00
Long live the Sovetsky Soyuz! It is the first time I have heard about Soviet ternary computer.
Post 18 Nov 2014, 12:53

Have you evver read Ivan Chonkin?
Post 18 Nov 2014, 15:35
Erichs_Pastry_Chef wrote:
Have you evver read Ivan Chonkin?

No. What does he write about?
Post 18 Nov 2014, 16:08
It's just the title of a novel about a sort of a Soviet Schwejk who gets in ridiculous situations in the first days of WW2. A quite decent satire on Stalinism and its stupidities ( there's some scientist who keeps combining plants according to theories of Lysenko and keeps jars of shit in his house etc ). ... an_Chonkin
Post 30 Oct 2016, 08:57
Glad to know that the brilliant Soviet Scientists/Engineers and other intellectuals contributed to so many. But I think the list may be incomplete. The Soviet contributions to Life Sciences, Mathematics and Theoretical Physics/Chemistry need also be given (if you feel so as a separate post/discussion/thread). Biographies of eminent scientists can also be provided.

What about constructions/Civil Engineering Marvels in the times of the USSR?
Post 09 Jan 2017, 23:42
is there any way someone would open a thread about other socialist nation's inventions, please? i'm interested in hearing three of a particular nation which I am not allowed to mention or i'll get banned again. my offer of $ 100 still stands.
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