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Post 10 Feb 2008, 16:36
February 10th 1962:

Exchange of Spies occurs between US and USSR

During the Cold War, There was an incident referred to as the U2 Incident. It involved a Lockheed U2 Spy plane, Flown By US pilot Francis Gary Powers that took off from Pakistan and was Headed for Norway. The goal of the mission was to photograph ICBM development sites in and around Sverdlovsk and Plesetsk in the Soviet Union.

Quote From Wiki:

Attempts to intercept the plane by Soviet fighters failed due to the U–2’s extreme altitude, but eventually one of the fourteen SA–2 Guideline surface-to-air missiles launched at the plane managed to get close enough. According to Soviet defector Madison Cunningham, a Soviet fighter pursuing Powers was caught and destroyed in the missile salvo. Powers’ aircraft was badly damaged, and crashed near Sverdlovsk, deep inside Soviet territory. Powers was captured after making a parachute landing.

The US Claimed it was a weather tracking Vehicle that accidently strayed over Soviet Airspace when having difficulty with his oxygen equiment whist flying over Turkey. The Soviet Union didn't buy into this. Held a Trial and Powers was found Guilty of espionage on August 19th of 1960.

Powers was sentenced to 3 years imprisonment and 7 years of hard labor. The sentace was cut short as he was exchanged for Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher on this date in 1962. The exchange occurred on the Glienicke Bridge connecting Potsdam, East Germany to West Berlin.

Fisher was captured by the FBI in New York on June 21, 1957, partially as the result of the defection of his assistant Reino Häyhänen, in what became known as the Hollow Nickel Case Which was referring to Fisher's transporting of microfilm inside a hollow piece of metal which looked like a nickel. Fisher Had been serving a 30 Year sentance for Espianage in the US when he was exchanged.
Last edited by chaz171 on 17 Feb 2008, 23:18, edited 5 times in total.
Post 10 Feb 2008, 16:56
The whole point of the U2 was that it was supposed to be able to fly higher and faster than Soviet missiles could reach...


Not only that, but Powers apparently was supposed to swallow a poison pill in order to avoid capture, and obviously he failed to do that. His capture was a major propaganda boost (as his trial and confession were widely publicized), and it looks like it allowed to Soviets to get one of their own spies back.
Post 10 Feb 2008, 18:14
More importantly, it's the incident which gave the band U2 its name.
(That's a Bono smiley, btw).
Post 11 Feb 2008, 15:35
February 11, 1953:

The Soviet Union officially breaks off diplomatic ties with Israel.

Stalin adopted a pro-Zionist foreign policy, apparently believing that the new country would be socialist and would speed the decline of British influence in the Middle East. The USSR began to support Zionism at the UN during the 1947 UN Partition Plan debate. It preferred a Jewish-Arab binational state. But if this proved impossible, as did happen, it indicated that it would support partition and a Jewish state.

The USSR gradually switched sides in the Arab-Israeli conflict. It tried to maintain a policy of friendship with Israel at first, abstaining from and allowing the passage of Security Council Resolution 95 in September 1951, that supported Israel against Egyptian restrictions from using the Suez Canal. After the mid-50's and throughout the remainder of the Cold War the Soviets unequivocally supported various Arab regimes over Israel.

Post 12 Feb 2008, 02:05
I think that Stalin was supporting the creation of Israel for real-politik. It wasn't difficult to forsee the decades of conflict that would result. All of his support is far more political then actually economic or military.
Post 12 Feb 2008, 13:59
February 12, 1961:

The first planetary probe was launched to Venus by the Soviet Union.

Venera-1 carried the world's first staged-combustion-cycle rocket engine, and also the first engine to allow a liquid-fuel rocket to start under weightlessness..

Venera-1 provided the first verification that this plasma was uniformly present in deep space. Seven days later, the next scheduled telemetry session failed to occur. On May 19 and 20, 1961, Venera 1 passed within 100,000 km of Venus and entered a heliocentric orbit. Soviet engineers believe that Venera-1 failed due to the overheating of a solar-direction sensor.

Venera-1 was an important milestone in spacecraft design-the first truly modern planetary probe. During most of its flight, it was spin stabilized. It was the first spacecraft designed to perform mid-course corrections fixing on the Sun and the stars.
Post 12 Feb 2008, 21:50
I remember learning about that in school. The U.S. countered the USSR by focusing on Mars. They did land a probe and try to get a sample of soil from Venus but all they got was a melted piece of the probe.
Post 13 Feb 2008, 01:02
To this day the only photographs of the surface of Venus were taken by Soviet probes.
Post 13 Feb 2008, 04:10
The Soviet program of observing Venus marked the most in depth study of any other planet to date..
Post 14 Feb 2008, 02:41
February 13, 1934:

Soviet Steamship Chelyuskin sinks in the Arctic:

Chelyuskin was a Soviet steamship reinforced to navigate polar ice that became ice-bound in Arctic waters during navigation along the Northern Maritime Route from Murmansk to Vladivostok. The expedition's task was to determine possibility of travel by non-icebreaker through Northern Maritime Route in a single navigation season.
It was built in Denmark in 1933 by Burmeister and Wain (B&W, Copenhagen) and named after the 18th century Russian polar explorer Semion Ivanovich Chelyuskin. The head of the expedition was Otto Yuliyevich Shmidt and the ship's captain was V. I. Voronin. There were 111 people on board the steamship. The crew members were known as Chelyuskintsy, "Chelyuskinites".
The steamship had been drifting with the ice fields before sinking on February 13, 1934, crushed by the icepacks near Kolyuchin Island in the Chukchi Sea. The crew managed to escape onto the ice and built a makeshift airstrip using a tractor. They were rescued in April of the same year and flown to the town of Uelen.
The aircraft pilots who took part in search and rescue operations were among the first people to receive the newly established highest title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Those pilots were Anatoly Liapidevsky, Sigizmund Levanevsky, Vasili Molokov, Mavrikiy Slepnev, Mikhail Vodopianov, Nikolai Kamanin and Ivan Doronin. They were flying ANT-4, civilian version of a TB-1 heavy bomber. Two American air mechanics, Clyde Armistead and William Latimer Lavery,[1] who also helped to search and rescue the steamship, on September 10, 1934 were awarded the Order of Lenin.
As steamship became ice-bound in the mouth of the Bering Strait, USSR considered expedition mainly successful, as it proven that regular steamship has a chance to navigate whole Northern Maritime Route in a single season without wintering en route. After a couple more trial runs in 1933 and 1934, the Northern Sea Route was officially open and commercial exploitation began in 1935. Next year, part of the Soviet Baltic Fleet made the passage to the Pacific where an armed conflict with Japan was looming.

In the wake of the catastrophe, a central square in Yaroslavl was renamed after the Chelyuskintsy, while Marina Tsvetayeva wrote a poem applauding the rescue team. Efforts to find the wreck of the ship have been made across at least four different expeditions. The wreck of the ship was finally discovered in September, 2006[2]. The polar explorer Arthur Chilingarov argued that the ship should be raised and converted into a museum.
Post 14 Feb 2008, 03:10
Uelen isn't that like only a couple houses instead of a town?
Post 14 Feb 2008, 04:14
Uelen has a population of about 500. Which is bigger than most towns in Nebraska.
Post 14 Feb 2008, 05:09
It looks like an airport strip peninsula with houses from what I've seen on geographical photos. That part of Russia has always interested me. I'd like to visit it someday...
Post 14 Feb 2008, 18:11
February 14, 1919

Polish-Soviet War begins:

The war was the result of conflicting expansionist attempts. Poland, whose statehood had just been re-established by the Treaty of Versailles following the Partitions of Poland in the late 18th century, sought to secure territories which she had lost at the time of partitions; the Soviets' aim was to control those same territories, which had been part of Imperial Russia until the turbulent events of the Great War.
Post 15 Feb 2008, 15:32
February 15, 1950

The USSR and PRC sign amutual defence treaty.

February 15, 1989

The Soviet Union *officially* announce that all soviet troops have pulled out of Afghanistan.
Post 16 Feb 2008, 19:26
16 February 1959

Castro sworn in as Cuban PM
Cuba's revolutionary leader Fidel Castro has become the country's youngest ever premier.
At the age of 32, he has been sworn in as Prime Minister in the Cabinet Room of the Presidential Palace in Havana.

Dr Castro led the resistance against the seven-year military rule of President Fulgeneio Batista and commanded the 26 July Army, a guerrilla force that drove the old regime into exile on New Year's Day.

But this is the first time he has assumed administrative responsibilities within the new, provisional government.

Cuban newspaper 'Revolution' - regarded as the voice-piece of the 26 July Army - explained his appointment is to solve the problem of "a dispersal of power", as many workers and industries have observed Castro's pronouncements and not the government's since the revolution.

According to the newspaper, "now the government, the revolution and the people will take the same path."

Dr Castro was on leave from his previous post as Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces when Dr Jose Miro Cordoba - prime minister since 5 January - and his cabinet resigned, without explanation, two days ago.

As well as his supporters, a hoard of Cuban and foreign media witnessed Fidel Castro being sworn into office wearing his olive-green rebel army fatigues and sporting his trademark square cap and beard.

He told them: "We have great plans and we suffer when we cannot put these into effect rapidly, but technical preparations take time."

He also denied he had any interest in taking over as president, saying legal moves to lower the age of eligibility for the post last week were the initiative of the incumbent president Manuel Urrutia Lleo.

President Urrutia and Prime Minister Castro are old allies and are expected to work together to achieve revolutionary aims of economic reform and improved living standards for all Cubans.
Post 17 Feb 2008, 02:37
Thanks RR, This was the same story I was going to mention.
Post 17 Feb 2008, 17:19
February 17, 1979

The Sino–Vietnamese War Begins":

The Sino–Vietnamese War, also known as the Third Indochina War, was a brief but bloody border war fought in 1979 between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The PRC launched the offensive in response to Vietnam's invasion and occupation of Cambodia, which ended the reign of the PRC-backed Khmer Rouge. After a brief incursion into Northern Vietnam, PRC troops withdrew about a month later. Both sides claimed victory in the last of the wars of Indochina.
Post 20 Feb 2008, 13:27
February 19, 1986

The Soviet Union Launches Mir:

Mir was humanity's first consistently inhabited long-term research station in space.
Post 21 Apr 2008, 04:23
21st April, 1967

Greek Military Junta of 1967-1974

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